Coordinates: Coordinates: Country Iran Province Golestan County Gorgan Bakhsh Central Government - Governor of Gorgan Jaafar Gorzin Area - Total 1,700 km2 (656 sq mi) Elevation 1,350 m (4,429 ft) Population (2006) - Total 269,226 - Density 158.4/km2 (410.4/sq mi) Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30) - Summer (DST) IDST (UTC+4:30) Gorgan at GEOnet Names Server
Gorgan (Persian: گرگان, also Romanized as Gorgān and Gūrgān; Caspian: Vergen; formerly, Astarabad (Persian: اَستِر آباد, also Romanized as Asterābād), is the capital of Golestan Province, Iran. It lies approximately 400 km (250 mi) to the north east of Tehran, some 30 km (19 mi) away from the Caspian Sea. At the 2006 census, its population was 269,226, in 73,702 families.
Some 150 km (93 mi) east of Gorgan is the Golestan National Park. The city has a regional airport and several universities. Gorgan Airport was opened in September 2005.
The city was named Hyrcania, Hyrcani or Hyrcana in ancient Greek records, which comes from Pahlavi Varkâna -- "Land of the Wolves". Although modern Gorgan is only a city and county (sharing the same name), ancient Hyrcania was the name of a greater region on the southern shores of the Caspian Sea (encompassing all of the present day Golestan province, as well as some eastern parts of the Mazandaran province, and some southern parts of the present day Republic of Turkmenistan). In modern times and until 1937 the city used to be known as Astarabad.
Geography and climate
The wide Dasht-e-Gorgan (Plains of Gorgan) are located north of the city and geographically bounded by 37°00' - 37°30' north latitude and 54°00' - 54°30' east longitude, covering an area of about 1,700 square kilometres (660 sq mi).
In general, Golestan has a moderate and humid climate known as "the moderate Caspian climate." The effective factors behind such a climate are: Alborz mountain range, direction of the mountains, height of the area, neighborhood to the sea, vegetation surface, local winds, altitude and weather fronts. As a result of the above factors, three different climates exist in the region: plain moderate, mountainous, and semi-arid. Gorgan valley has a semi-arid climate. The average annual temperature is 18.2 °C (64.8 °F) and the annual rainfall is 556 millimetres (21.9 in).
The name Hyrcania is the ancient Greek equivalent of the local name in Old Persian, Varkâna. The Sanskrit word for "wolf", Vŗka (वृक) may be a cognate. The capital of Hyrcania was Zadracarta, the largest city and site of the "royal palace" of Hyrcania, probably located at the great mound of Qalʿa-ye Ḵandān, on the western fringe of present-day Gorgān city. At the time of the Sassanids, Gorgan appeared as the name of a city, province capital, and province.
Hyrcania became part of the Persian empire during the reign of Cyrus the Great (559-530 BC) - the first emperor the first Persian empire dynasty - or Cambyses (530-522 BC). It maintained its independence as a Zoroastrian state even after Persia was conquered by Arabs in 8th century and by Mongols in the 13th century.
Gorgan (as well as the whole Golestan province) has a world-famous carpet and rug industry, made by Turkmen. The patterns of these carpets are derived from the ancient Persian city of Bukhara, which is now in Uzbekistan. Jajim carpets are also crafted in this province.
- Nahar khoran Forest
- Alangdare Forest
- Ziarat Village
- Hzarpych Hill
- Emadyh School
- Srkhnklath Hill
- Ismail Shrine Srkhnklath
- Qajar era underground bathroom Srkhnklath
- Mohammad Reza Lotfi, musician.
- Nader Ebrahimi, author, poet, director, and researcher.
- Maryam Zandi, photographer.
- Elaheh Yadegar, Chief of Special and Project Studies, California Department of Transportation, District 7.
- Abdol Ghayoom Ebrahimi (b. 1932), retired professor of Agricultural & Natural Resources University.
- Keyan Rafiee, Founder of Human Right Activist in Iran HRA-Iran.org
- Fakhroddin Asaad Gorgani, Poet.
- Abu Sa'id al-Darir al-Jurjani, 9th century astronomer and mathematician
- Abu Sahl al-Masihi al-Jurjani (al-Masihi), 10th century physician and teacher of Avicenna
- Abd al-Qāhir al-Jurjānī, 11th century grammarian and literary theorist
- Zayn al-Din al-Jurjani, 12th century royal physician
- Fażlu l-Lāh Astar-Ābādī, 14th century mystic and founder of Hurufism
- Rustam Gorgani, 16th century physician
- Mir Damad, 17th century Islamic scholar and Neoplatonic philosopher
- Mirza Mehdi Khan Astarabadi, 18th century chief minister to Nader Shah
- Bibi Khatoon Astarabadi, a notable writer, satirist, and one of the pioneering figures of the women's movement of Iran
Colleges and universities
- Islamic Azad University of Gorgan
- Golestan University of Medical Sciences 
- Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources
- Mirdamad Institute of Higher Education
- Lamei Gorgani Institute of Higher Education
- Hakeem Jorjani Institute of Higher Education
- ^ Gorgan can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3064853" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
- ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. http://www.amar.org.ir/DesktopModules/FTPManager/upload/upload2360/newjkh/newjkh/27.xls.
- ^ Encyclopaedia Iranica, GORGĀN
- ^ Bivar, A.D.H. "Gorgan" Encyclopædia Iranica [www.iranicaonline.org online]
- ^ 
- ^ KZ-Today September 11, 2006
Golestan Province CapitalGorgan Counties and CitiesAliabad-e Katul · FazelabadAqqala · AnbaralumBandar-e Gaz · Now KandehGonbad-e-Qabus CountyGonbad-e Qabus · Incheh BorunGorgan · Sarkhon KalatehKalaleh CountyKalalehMinudasht · GalikashRamian · Daland · Khan BebinTorkaman CountyBandar Torkaman · Gomishan · Siminshahr Sights
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Look at other dictionaries:
Gorgan — Gorgan … Deutsch Wikipedia
gorgan — GORGÁN, gorgane, s.n. Movilă înălţată deasupra unui mormânt străvechi. – cf. rus. k u r g a n. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98 gorgán s. n., pl. gorgáne Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic GORGÁN gorgane … Dicționar Român
GORGAN — GORG N ou GURG Ancienne Hyrcanie (littéralement: pays des loups) actuellement rattachée à la province iranienne du Mazandéran (ou M zandar n), le Gorg n (Djurdj n chez les géographes arabes), région autrefois prospère, a terriblement souffert des … Encyclopédie Universelle
Gorgan — Coordenadas: 36°50′N 54°29′E / 36.833, 54.483 … Wikipedia Español
Gorgan — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gourgan (homonymie). 36° 50′ N 54° 26′ E / … Wikipédia en Français
Gorgān — ▪ Iran also spelled Gurgān , formerly Asterābad town, north central, Iran. It is situated along a small tributary of the Qareh River, 23 miles (37 km) from the Caspian Sea. The town, in existence since Achaemenian times, long suffered… … Universalium
Gorgan — Gorgạn, früher Astrabạd, Asterabạd, Stadt in Nordostiran, in Masenderan, etwa 40 km von der Südostküste des Kaspischen Meeres entfernt, 162 500 Einwohner; Endpunkt der transiranischen Eisenbahn; Mittelpunkt einer Agrarregion. Geschichte: … Universal-Lexikon
Gorgan — Original name in latin Gorgn Name in other language Asterabad, Asterbd, Girkanija, Gorgan, Gorgn, Gurgan, Gurgon, Grgn, Hirkanio, aastir abad, grgan, gwrgan, Гиркания, Гургон State code IR Continent/City Asia/Tehran longitude 36.84165 latitude 54 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
gorgán — s. n., pl. gorgáne … Romanian orthography
görgan — gören, görmeye şayan, muşahade olunmuş; Timurun lakabı dir … Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük