Kristianstad


Kristianstad

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Kristianstad


image_caption =
pushpin_

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Sweden
subdivision_type1 = Municipality
subdivision_name1 = Kristianstad Municipality
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Skåne County
subdivision_type3 = Province
subdivision_name3 = Scania
area_footnotes = cite web |title=Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2000 och 2005 |publisher=Statistics Sweden |url=http://www.scb.se/statistik/MI/MI0810/2005A01B/T%E4torternami0810tab1.xls |format=xls |language=Swedish |accessdate=2008-05-15]
area_total_km2 = 17.67
population_as_of = 2005-12-31
population_footnotes =
population_total = 33,083
population_density_km2 = 1873
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd=56 |latm=01 |lats=46 |latNS=N
longd=14 |longm=09 |longs=24 |longEW=E
website =

Kristianstad IPA2|kri'ɧansta (older spelling "Christianstad") is a city in the province of Scania in southernmost Sweden and the seat of Kristianstad Municipality, Skåne County. It has 33,083 inhabitants (2005), less than half of the municipal total of 76,000.

History

The city was founded in 1614 by King Christian IV of Denmark as a planned city after the burning of the town of and moving the city rights of the neighbouring town of Sölvesborg to the new town. The purpose of the town was to guard the eastern half of the Danish province of Scania against any future raids from Sweden, but also as a symbol of the power of Christian himself. One of these raids had sacked the nearby town of in 1612. Væ then lost its charter and the people were moved to the new, better fortified city. The king also founded the town of Christianopel in eastern Blekinge to serve a similar purpose.

Construction of the towns was a great prestige project for the king, and Kristianstad's church ( _da. Trefoldighedskirken; _sv. Heliga Trefaldighetskyrkan) is considered by many to be one of the most beautiful buildings constructed by King Christian IV, or even northern Europe's most beautiful Renaissance church. Also in Christianstad the townplanning of the Renaissance could be laid down for the first time at the foundation of the town. This makes the Kristianstad towncentre of today exceptionally well-kept and easy to get around in.

The city's coat of arms depicts two lions holding the King's crowned insignia, the monogram C4. The coat of arms was only slightly modified after the Swedish takeover following the 1658 Treaty of Roskilde in which the eastern third of Denmark was ceded to Sweden. The coat of arms is very similar to the coat of arms of the former town of Christianopel in eastern Blekinge, a town also founded by Christian IV. The coat of arms is since 1971 used by Kristianstad Municipality.

The city served as capital of Kristianstad County between 1719 and 1997. It now houses the administration of the Skåne Regional Council. For a long time Kristianstad also was an important garrison town. One of Sweden's courts of appeal was located in Kristianstad before being moved to Malmö in 1917.

Industry

Absolut Vodka, owned by V&S Group, is produced by the town of Åhus located within the municipality. Kristianstad was the main military seat in Scania for a long time, boosting military camps and trainings. After the reforms and military cutbacks of the 1990s all of these have been closed.

Notable natives

*Johan Christopher Toll, soldier
*Bo Lundgren, politician
*Ann-Louise Hanson, singer
*Fredrik Böök, author
*Seved Malm, musician
*Åke Ohlmarks, writer
*Sixten Sparre, soldier
*Georg af Klercker, soldier
*Bror Erik Friberg, Judge of Assessment Court, New Zealand,1877

ee also

*University College of Kristianstad
*Kristianstad County (abolished 1998)

Trivia

Kristianstad's coat of arms is one of the few coat of arms in the world depicting a foreign king's or queen's coat of arms. It is the coat of arms of king Christian IV of Denmark, the founder of the city.

Occasional mix-ups between Kristianstad and the Norwegian cities of Kristiansand and Kristiansund have been known to happen. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/765629.stm BBC News | EUROPE | Soldiers' map mix-up ] ]

References

* "Some material has been incorporated from the corresponding article on Swedish wikipedia"Brew, Margit " [http://www.scandinavianfootprints.com Scandinavian footprints: a history of Scandinavians settling in New Zealand] " Auckland, NZ: M.Brew, c2007.

External links

* [http://www.kristianstad.se/sv/Kristianstads-kommun/Sprak/English/ Kristianstad Municipality] - Official site


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kristianstad — Kristianstad …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kristianstad — Administration Pays  Suede !Suède Province historique Scanie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kristianstad —   [kri ʃanstɑːd],    1) Stadt in Südschweden, Verwaltungssitz des Län Kristianstad, 73 000 Einwohner; historisches Filmmuseum; Nahrungsmittel und Bekleidungsindustrie; Bahnknotenpunkt, Flughafen.   Stadtbild:   Dreifaltigkeitskirche (1617 28).  … …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kristianstad — Kristianstad, Hauptstadt des schwed. Läns K. (6445 qkm, 1904: 219.242 E.; in Schonen), an der Helge Å. 10.744 E.; Arsenal …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kristianstad — Ubicación del municipio …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kristianstad — ▪ Sweden       city, Skåne län (county), southern Sweden, lying on Hammar Lake and the Helge River. It was founded in 1614 by King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway as a border defense against Sweden. Ceded to Sweden in 1658, it was retaken by… …   Universalium

  • Kristianstad — Original name in latin Kristianstad Name in other language Christiansstad, KID, Kristianstad, Kristijanstad, Кристианстад, Кристијанстад State code SE Continent/City Europe/Stockholm longitude 56.03129 latitude 14.15242 altitude 8 Population… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Kristianstad — Christianstadt (former German), Kristianstad (German, Swedish), Kristianstadas (Lithuanian) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Kristianstad — Sp Kristianstadas Ap Kristianstad L P Švedija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Kristianstad — noun A town and municipality in Sweden …   Wiktionary


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