official_name = Kristianstad
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Municipality
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_type3 = Province
area_footnotes = cite web |title=Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2000 och 2005 |publisher=
Statistics Sweden|url=http://www.scb.se/statistik/MI/MI0810/2005A01B/T%E4torternami0810tab1.xls |format=xls |language=Swedish |accessdate=2008-05-15]
area_total_km2 = 17.67
population_as_of = 2005-12-31
population_total = 33,083
population_density_km2 = 1873
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd=56 |latm=01 |lats=46 |latNS=N
longd=14 |longm=09 |longs=24 |longEW=E
Kristianstad IPA2|kri'ɧansta (older spelling "Christianstad") is a city in the province of
Scaniain southernmost Swedenand the seat of Kristianstad Municipality, Skåne County. It has 33,083 inhabitants (2005), less than half of the municipal total of 76,000.
The city was founded in 1614 by King
Christian IV of Denmarkas a planned cityafter the burning of the town of Väand moving the city rightsof the neighbouring town of Sölvesborgto the new town. The purpose of the town was to guard the eastern half of the Danish province of Scania against any future raids from Sweden, but also as a symbol of the power of Christian himself. One of these raids had sacked the nearby town of Væin 1612. Væ then lost its charter and the people were moved to the new, better fortified city. The king also founded the town of Christianopelin eastern Blekingeto serve a similar purpose.
Construction of the towns was a great prestige project for the king, and Kristianstad's church ( _da. Trefoldighedskirken; _sv. Heliga Trefaldighetskyrkan) is considered by many to be one of the most beautiful buildings constructed by King Christian IV, or even northern Europe's most beautiful
Renaissancechurch. Also in Christianstad the townplanning of the Renaissance could be laid down for the first time at the foundation of the town. This makes the Kristianstad towncentre of today exceptionally well-kept and easy to get around in.
The city's coat of arms depicts two lions holding the King's crowned insignia, the monogram C4. The coat of arms was only slightly modified after the Swedish takeover following the 1658
Treaty of Roskildein which the eastern third of Denmark was ceded to Sweden. The coat of arms is very similar to the coat of arms of the former town of Christianopel in eastern Blekinge, a town also founded by Christian IV. The coat of arms is since 1971 used by Kristianstad Municipality.
The city served as capital of
Kristianstad Countybetween 1719 and 1997. It now houses the administration of the Skåne Regional Council. For a long time Kristianstad also was an important garrison town. One of Sweden's courts of appeal was located in Kristianstad before being moved to Malmöin 1917.
Absolut Vodka, owned by V&S Group, is produced by the town of Åhuslocated within the municipality. Kristianstad was the main military seat in Scaniafor a long time, boosting military camps and trainings. After the reforms and military cutbacks of the 1990s all of these have been closed.
Johan Christopher Toll, soldier
Bo Lundgren, politician
Ann-Louise Hanson, singer
Fredrik Böök, author
Seved Malm, musician
Åke Ohlmarks, writer
*Sixten Sparre, soldier
*Georg af Klercker, soldier
*Bror Erik Friberg, Judge of Assessment Court, New Zealand,1877
University College of Kristianstad
Kristianstad County(abolished 1998)
Kristianstad's coat of arms is one of the few coat of arms in the world depicting a foreign king's or queen's coat of arms. It is the coat of arms of king
Christian IV of Denmark, the founder of the city.
Occasional mix-ups between Kristianstad and the Norwegian cities of
Kristiansandand Kristiansundhave been known to happen. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/765629.stm BBC News | EUROPE | Soldiers' map mix-up ] ]
* "Some material has been incorporated from the corresponding article on Swedish wikipedia"Brew, Margit " [http://www.scandinavianfootprints.com Scandinavian footprints: a history of Scandinavians settling in New Zealand] " Auckland, NZ: M.Brew, c2007.
* [http://www.kristianstad.se/sv/Kristianstads-kommun/Sprak/English/ Kristianstad Municipality] - Official site
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kristianstad — Kristianstad … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kristianstad — Administration Pays Suede !Suède Province historique Scanie … Wikipédia en Français
Kristianstad — [kri ʃanstɑːd], 1) Stadt in Südschweden, Verwaltungssitz des Län Kristianstad, 73 000 Einwohner; historisches Filmmuseum; Nahrungsmittel und Bekleidungsindustrie; Bahnknotenpunkt, Flughafen. Stadtbild: Dreifaltigkeitskirche (1617 28). … … Universal-Lexikon
Kristianstad — Kristianstad, Hauptstadt des schwed. Läns K. (6445 qkm, 1904: 219.242 E.; in Schonen), an der Helge Å. 10.744 E.; Arsenal … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Kristianstad — Ubicación del municipio … Wikipedia Español
Kristianstad — ▪ Sweden city, Skåne län (county), southern Sweden, lying on Hammar Lake and the Helge River. It was founded in 1614 by King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway as a border defense against Sweden. Ceded to Sweden in 1658, it was retaken by… … Universalium
Kristianstad — Original name in latin Kristianstad Name in other language Christiansstad, KID, Kristianstad, Kristijanstad, Кристианстад, Кристијанстад State code SE Continent/City Europe/Stockholm longitude 56.03129 latitude 14.15242 altitude 8 Population… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Kristianstad — Christianstadt (former German), Kristianstad (German, Swedish), Kristianstadas (Lithuanian) … Names of cities in different languages
Kristianstad — Sp Kristianstadas Ap Kristianstad L P Švedija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Kristianstad — noun A town and municipality in Sweden … Wiktionary