- Johnston (typeface)
Johnston Category Sans-serif Classification Humanist Designer(s) Edward Johnston, Eric Gill Foundry Linotype Date created 1916 Also known as Underground, Johnston's Railway Type
- 1 Features
- 2 History
- 3 ITC Johnston
- 4 P22 versions
- 5 Usages
- 6 Similar fonts
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 Further reading
- 10 External links
Features of the font are the perfect circle of the letter O and the use of a diagonal square dot above minuscule letters i and j and for the full stop. Commas, apostrophes and other punctuation marks are also based on the diagonal square dot. The capitals of the typeface are based on Roman square capitals, and the lower-case on the humanistic minuscule, the handwriting in use in Italy in the fifteenth century. In this, it marked a break with the kinds of sans serif previously used, sometimes known as grotesque, which tended to have squarer shapes.
The typeface was commissioned in 1913 by Frank Pick, Commercial Manager of the Underground Electric Railways Company of London (also known as 'The Underground Group'), as part of his plan to strengthen the company's corporate identity, and introduced in 1916. Pick specified to Johnston that he wanted a typeface that would ensure that the Underground Group's posters would not be mistaken for advertisements; it should have "the bold simplicity of the authentic lettering of the finest periods" and belong "unmistakably to the twentieth century". In 1933, The Underground Group was absorbed by the London Passenger Transport Board and the typeface was adopted as part of the London Transport brand.
The font family was originally called Underground. It became known as Johnston's Railway Type, and later simply Johnston. It comes with two weights, heavy and ordinary. Heavy does not contain lower-case letters.
The Johnston typeface was redesigned in 1979 by Eiichi Kono at Banks & Miles to produce New Johnston, the variant of the original typeface currently used by London Underground. The new typeface is slightly heavier or bolder than the original. The new family comes with Bold, Medium, Light weights. The new typeface replaced the old typeface.
A further change occurred in 2008 when Transport for London removed the serif from the numeral '1' and also altered the '4', in both cases reverting these to their original appearance.
Johnston Delf Smith
The original font was developed in the 1920s by Percy Delf Smith (another former pupil of Edward Johnston). It was commissioned by Frank Pick of London Underground as a 'petit-serif' variation of the organisation's standard sans-serif Johnston face. The typeface was originally used for the headquarters building at 55 Broadway, SW1.
In early 2007, an electronic version of the typeface was developed under the name Johnston Delf Smith, specifically for use on historic signs.
International Typeface Corporation released a variant in 1999 called ITC Johnston, produced by British type designers Richard Dawson and Dave Farey. It originally included three font weights like New Johnston. However, it does not include the hooked 1 and uses side-pointed 4.
In November 2002, the typeface was rereleased in OpenType format, which also expanded the font family to include italic fonts in all weights. Character set was expanded to support ISO Adobe 2 character set. OpenType features include alternates, case forms, small caps (romans only), old style figure. Separate small caps (romans only) and old style figure faces were also released for each weight in TrueType and PostScript formats, for a total of fifteen typefaces.
ITC Johnston Pro
Released in March 2009, this version includes support of Adobe CE character set.
In 1997, London Transport Museum licensed the original Johnston typeface exclusively to P22 Type Foundry, available commercially as Johnston Underground. Johnston Underground included Regular, Bold, and Extras weights, with the Extra containing only ornamental symbols.
P22 later had Paul Hunt add to their version of the Underground typeface to create the Underground Pro (or P22 Underground Pro) family. The full Underground Pro Set contains nineteen Pro OpenType fonts and 58 Basic OpenType fonts, covering extended Latin, Greek, Cyrillic character sets. Weights are expanded to six: Thin, Light, Book, Medium, Demi, Heavy. However, there are no italic styles in P22's designs. Underground, Underground CY, Underground GR support extended Latin, Cyrillic, Greek characters respectively. The Latin sub-family contains medium weight Titling fonts, which feature underscored and/or overscored Latin small letters. Pro fonts include extensive OpenType features, including eleven stylistic sets: Petite Capitals, Dryad Cap Alternates, Humanistic Alternates 1, Humanistic Alternates 2, Geometric Alternates, Round Points, Diamond Points, Alternate Tilde, All Under commas, All cedillas, Alternate Eng.
Its use has included the Tube map, nameplates and general station signing, as well as much of the printed material issued by the Underground Group and its successors; also by the nationalised British Road Services in the immediate post-war era.
- ^ "Font Designer - Edward Johnston". Linotype GmbH. http://www.linotype.com/733/edwardjohnston.html. Retrieved 2007-11-05.
- ^ Green, Oliver; Rewse-Davies, Jeremy (1995). Designed for London: 150 years of transport design. London: Laurence King. pp. 81–2. ISBN 1-85669-064-4.
- ^ Barman, Christian (1979). The Man Who Built London Transport: A Biography of Frank Pick. David & Charles. p. 43. ISBN 0-71-537753-1.
- Howes, Justin (2000). Johnston’s Underground Type. Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-231-3.
- Banks, Colin (1994). London’s Handwriting: the development of Edward Johnston’s Underground railway block-letter. London Transport Museum. ISBN 185476098X.
- Transport for London - Font requests
- London Transport Museum page on Johnston Sans (via web archive)
- London Transport Museum Photographic Archive
- A Typeface for the Underground, London Reconnections, 18 September 2009
Johnston Delf Smith
- London Transport Museum Photographic Archive
- TfL Fonts
- Eiichi Kono, New Johnston from Pen to Printer, Edward Johnston Foundation, 2003.
- Identifont page for ITC Johnston
- ITC Johnston Font Family - by Richard Dawson, Dave Farey
- What's Hot From ITC: November 2002
- What's New From ITC: March 2009
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Johnston — is a surname, and it may also refer to:In places: * Johnston Atoll, in the central Pacific Ocean * Johnston, Pembrokeshire, Wales * United States ** Johnston, Iowa ** Johnston, Rhode Island ** Johnston, South Carolina ** Johnston County, North… … Wikipedia
Johnston Delf Smith (typeface) — Johnston Delf Smith is a humanist sans serif typeface developed by Transport for London. It is based on a font developed in the 1920s by Percy Delf Smith for London Underground as a serif variation of the organisation s standard sans serif… … Wikipedia
Transport (typeface) — Infobox font name = Transport familyname = style = Sans serif classifications = creator = Jock Kinneir Margaret Calvert commissioned by = foundry = URW++ foundries = creationdate = 1963 releasedate = trademark = based on = aka = variations =… … Wikipedia
Edward Johnston — CBE (11 February 1872 ndash; 26 November 1944), was a British craftsman who is credited with the revival of the broad edged pen as a writing tool, a particular form of calligraphy. He was born in San José, Uruguay. [cite web|title=Font Designer… … Wikipedia
Harry Johnston — Sir Henry (Harry) Hamilton Johnston, G.C.M.G., K.C.B. (12 June 1858 31 August 1927), was a British explorer, botanist and colonial administrator, one of the key players in the Scramble for Africa that occurred at the end of the 19th century.Early … Wikipedia
International Typeface Corporation — (ITC) est une fonderie typographique numérique (une des premières à n avoir jamais produit de types en métal), fondée en 1970 à New York par Aaron Burns, Herb Lubalin et Edward Rondthaler. Sommaire 1 Histoire 1.1 Le magazine U lc 1.2 Évolution … Wikipédia en Français
Western calligraphy — (from Greek polytonic|κάλλος kallos beauty + polytonic|γραφή graphẽ writing ) is the art of writing (Mediavilla 1996: 17). A contemporary definition of calligraphic practice is the art of giving form to signs in an expressive, harmonious and… … Wikipedia
Gill Sans — Infobox font name = Gill Sans familyname = style = Sans serif classifications = Humanist creator = Eric Gill foundry = Monotype foundries = Monotype, Adobe, ITC creationdate = 1927 releasedate = 1928 trademark = based on = Johnston aka =… … Wikipedia
Rail Alphabet — Category Neo Grotesque Sans serif Designer(s) Margaret Calvert, Jock Kinneir Foundry BRB Residuary Limited (former British Railways Board) … Wikipedia
London Underground — Infobox Public transit name = London Underground The Tube |thumb|Official logo. imagesize= 150px locale = Greater London, Chiltern, Epping Forest, Three Rivers and Watford transit type = Rapid transit began operation = 1863 system length = 400 km … Wikipedia