Richard John Cartwright


Richard John Cartwright

Sir Richard John Cartwright, P.C., G.C.M.G. (December 4 1835 – September 24 1912) was a Canadian businessman and politician. He was born and raised in Kingston, Ontario in a United Empire Loyalist family, the son of Harriet Dobbs Cartwright and the grandson of Richard Cartwright. He was a major landowner in the area, and became prominent in Kingston's financial community as president of the Commercial Bank of Canada. He suffered a major blow when his bank failed in 1867.

Cartwright entered politics when he was elected as a Conservative Party member and supporter of John A. Macdonald in the Province of Canada's legislative assembly in 1863. In 1867, the Province of Canada became part of the new Canadian confederation. Cartwright was elected to the newly-formed Canadian House of Commons, again as a Tory. In 1869, he broke with the Conservatives over Macdonald's appointment of Sir Francis Hincks as Minister of Finance, and crossed the floor to join the Liberal Party of Canada.

With the Liberal party's victory in the 1874 election, Cartwright was appointed Minister of Finance by Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie. He supported free trade, but sought limited tariffs as a means of government revenue. Cartwright returned to the opposition bench when the Liberals were defeated in the 1878 election. As a recognition of his service, he was awarded a knighthood in 1879. From the 1887 election, he represented the ridings of Oxford South.

In the 1890s, the Liberals moved away from support for unrestricted reciprocity with the United States, and Cartwright's influence in the party diminished.

With the victory of Wilfrid Laurier's Liberals in the 1896 election, Cartwright returned to Cabinet. Laurier denied Cartwright the finance ministry as a way of assuring Canada's business community that the government was not going to adopt free trade. Instead, he appointed Cartwright Minister of Trade and Commerce. He also served as a Canadian member of the Anglo-American Joint High Commission to resolve diplomatic problems between Canada and the US in 1898. Cartwright was appointed to the Imperial Privy Council in 1902, which allowed him to use the honorific "Right Honourable".

In 1904, he was elevated to the Canadian Senate, but remained Trade and Commerce minister until the fall of the Laurier government in the 1911 election. In this position he introduced, in 1908, a limited system of old age annuities. Additionally, he served as Leader of the Government in the Senate from 1909 until 1911, and as Leader of the Opposition in the Senate from 1911 until his death in 1912.

In the Kingston, Ontario area, Cartwright Street and Cartwright Point are named for him and his family, in recognition of their longstanding contributions to the region.

External links

* [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=7276 Biography at the "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]
* [http://www.parl.gc.ca/information/about/people/key/bio.asp?lang=E&query=2140&s=M Political biography from the Library of Parliament]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cartwright, Sir Richard John — ▪ Canadian statesman born Dec. 4, 1835, Kingston, Upper Canada died Sept. 24, 1912, Kingston, Ont., Can.  statesman and finance minister of Canada s Liberal Party; he supported free trade between the United States and Canada, in opposition to the …   Universalium

  • Cartwright, Sir Richard John — (1835 )    Grandson of the preceding. Born at Kingston. Educated at Trinity College, Dublin. Entered public life, 1863, as member for Lennox and Addington. Minister of finance in Mackenzie Cabinet, 1873 1878. On the return of the Liberals to… …   The makers of Canada

  • Richard Cartwright (born 1759) — Richard Cartwright (February 2 1759 July 27 1815) was a businessman, judge and political figure in Upper Canada.He was born in Albany, New York in 1759. His father, also named Richard Cartwright, was an innkeeper and landowner who had come to the …   Wikipedia

  • Richard Cartwright — may refer to: *Richard Cartwright (Gibraltarian), Gibraltarian journalist and media personality *Richard Cartwright (philosopher), American professor and writer of philosophy *Richard Cartwright (born 1759), businessman, judge and political… …   Wikipedia

  • Cartwright — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alan Cartwright (* 1945), britischer Rockmusiker Angela Cartwright (* 1952), britische Schauspielerin Bill Cartwright (* 1957), US amerikanischer Basketballspieler Deirdre Cartwright (* 1956), britische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cartwright — A cartwright was a person who made carts. It has thus become a surname, and may refer to:Fiction* Bobby Cartwright, the crazy son of a cartwright guy. from the book Bobby Builds a Cart * Adam Cartwright, the oldest child of Ben Cartwright in the… …   Wikipedia

  • John A. Macdonald — For other people named John Alexander Macdonald, see John Alexander Macdonald (disambiguation). The Right Honourable Sir John A. Macdonald GCB KCMG PC …   Wikipedia

  • Cartwright — This interesting surname is of early medieval English origin, and is from an occupational name for a maker of carts. The name derives from the Middle English (1200 1500) word cart , a transposed form of the Olde English pre 7th Century craet ,… …   Surnames reference

  • John Solomon Cartwright — (September 17 1804 January 15 1845) was a businessman, lawyer, judge, farmer and political figure.He was born in Kingston in 1804, the son of Richard Cartwright, who died while John was still young. He articled in law in the offices of John… …   Wikipedia

  • John Creasey — (* 17. September 1908 in Southfields (Grafschaft Surrey); † 9. Juni 1973 in New Hall, Bodenham (Salisbury, Grafschaft Wiltshire)) war ein englischer Schriftsteller. Er galt als extrem produktiv und schrieb unter vielen verschiedenen Pseudonymen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia