Antiochus I Soter


Antiochus I Soter

Antiochus I Soter (unknown - 261 BC), was a king of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire. He reigned from 281 BC - 261 BC.

Life

Antiochus I was half Persian, his mother Apama being one of the eastern princesses whom Alexander the Great had given as wives to his generals in 324 BC. In 294 BC, prior to death of his father Seleucus I, Antiochus married his stepmother, Stratonice, daughter of Demetrius Poliorcetes. His elderly father reportedly instigated the marriage after discovering that his son was in danger of dying of lovesickness.

On the assassination of his father in 281 BC, the task of holding together the empire was a formidable one. A revolt in Syria broke out almost immediately. Antiochus was soon compelled to make peace with his father's murderer, Ptolemy Keraunos, apparently abandoning Macedonia and Thrace. In Asia Minor he was unable to reduce Bithynia or the Persian dynasties that ruled in Cappadocia.

In 278 BC the Gauls broke into Asia Minor, and a victory that Antiochus won over these hordes is said to have been the origin of his title of "Soter" (Gr. for "saviour").

At the end of 275 BC the question of Coele-Syria, which had been open between the houses of Seleucus and Ptolemy since the partition of 301 BC, led to hostilities (the First Syrian War). It had been continuously in Ptolemaic occupation, but the house of Seleucus maintained its claim.

War did not materially change the outlines of the two kingdoms, though frontier cities like Damascus and the coast districts of Asia Minor might change hands.

His eldest son Seleucus had ruled in the east as viceroy from 275 BC(?) till 268/267 BC; Antiochus put his son to death in the latter year on the charge of rebellion. Circa 262 BC Antiochus tried to break the growing power of Pergamum by force of arms, but suffered defeat near Sardis and died soon afterwards. He was succeeded in 261 BC by his second son Antiochus II Theos. [http://www.attalus.org/translate/malalas.html]

External links

* [http://www.livius.org/ap-ark/appian/appian_syriaca_00.html Appianus' "Syriaka"]
* [http://www.livius.org/cg-cm/chronicles/chron00.html Babylonian Chronicles of the Hellenistic Period]
* [http://virtualreligion.net/iho/antiochus_1.html Antiochus I Soter] entry in historical sourcebook by Mahlon H. Smith


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  • Antiochus I Soter — born с 324 died 261 BC King of Seleucid Syria in the east (292?–281 BC) and later overall (281–261). Son of Seleucus I, he consolidated the Seleucid kingdom, founded numerous cities, and expanded trade routes. In 281 he contended with revolts in… …   Universalium

  • ANTIOCHUS° — ANTIOCHUS°, name of 13 Seleucid monarchs who ruled Syria for the greater part of two and a half centuries. They include: (1) ANTIOCHUS I SOTER (b. 324 B.C.E.), son of Seleucus I Nicator, ruled from 281 to 261. Although unsuccessful in his attempt …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Antiochus — is the name of thirteen kings of the Seleucid Empire:*Antiochus I Soter *Antiochus II Theos *Antiochus III the Great *Antiochus IV Epiphanes *Antiochus V Eupator *Antiochus VI Dionysus *Antiochus VII Sidetes *Antiochus VIII Grypus *Antiochus IX… …   Wikipedia

  • Antiochus II Theos — (286 BC ndash;246 BC), was a king of the Hellenistic Seleucid Kingdom who reigned 261 BC ndash;246 BC). He succeeded his father Antiochus I Soter in the winter of 262 61 BC. He was the younger son of Antiochus I and princess Stratonice, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Antiochus — Antiochus1 [an tī′ə kəs] n. name of thirteen kings of the Seleucid dynasty of Syria Antiochus2 [an tī′ə kəs] 1. Antiochus III 242 187 B.C.; Syrian king (223 187): called Antiochus the Great 2. Antiochus IV died 163? B.C.; Syrian king (175? 163?) …   Universalium

  • Soter — (Greek gr. σωτήρ; initial capitalised, gr. Σωτήρ; fully capitalised, gr. ΣΩΤΗΡ = saviour) has been used as: * as a title of God: Poseidon Soter * any heroized leaders of Hellenistic dynasties, see hero cult * as a title of liberators (see also… …   Wikipedia

  • ANTIOCHUS I — ANTIOCHUS I. Soter, Seleuci fil. eiusque nominis primus. Syriae, et Asiae Rex, regnavit, ann. 19. Stratonicen novercam, Erasistrati Medici suasu, Patre consentiente, duxit. Euseb. in Chron. Val. Max. l. 5. c. 7. ex. 4. Iustin. l. 36. et 38. Polyb …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Antiochus —    The name of several rulers of the Greek Seleucid Empire, which controlled Mesopotamia for about a century following the wars of the Successors of Alexander the Great. Antiochus I Soter (reigned 281 260 b.c.) was the son of the kingdom s… …   Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary

  • Soter — /soh teuhr/, n. Saint, pope A.D. 166? 175?. * * * (as used in expressions) Antiochus I Soter Attalus I Soter Ptolemy I Soter * * * …   Universalium

  • Antiochus I Theos of Commagene — Antiochus I Theos Dikaios Epiphanes Philorhomaios Philhellen (Greek: о Αντίοχος Θεός Δίκαιος Επιφανής Φιλορωμαίος Φιλέλλην, c. 86 BC 38 BC, ruled 70 BC 38 BC) also known as Antiochus I Theos of Commagene or Antiochus I, was a king of Commagene… …   Wikipedia


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