image_caption = County hall
image_shield = Tatabánya címere új.jpg
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = HUN
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Tatabánya
Tatabánya IPA| [ˈtɒtɒbaːɲɒ] is a city of 70,636 inhabitants in north-western
Hungary, in the Northern Transdanubian region. It is the capital of the county Komárom-Esztergom.
The city is located in the valley between the Gerecse and
Vértes Mountains, some convert|55|km|mi|0|abbr=on from the capital. By virtue of its location, the city is a railway and road junction. The M1 (E60, E75) motorway from Viennato Budapestpasses through the outer city limits, and the Vienna-Budapest railway line also passes through the city.
Archaeological findings prove that humans have been living here since the
Stone Age. The three historic predecessor settlements of Tatabánya are Alsógalla, Felsőgalla and Bánhida. Bánhida is the earliest settlement, it was first mentioned in 1288.
In the 16th century the Ottomans occupied the area. Around this time the inhabitants became Protestants. Later its feudal lords, the Esterházys populated the area with Roman Catholic German and Slovak settlers.
According to the 1787
censusAlsógalla had 580, Felsőgalla had 842 inhabitants. The coalresources of the area were discovered around this time. Population began to grow, and a new mining colony was formed, later developing into the village of Tatabánya.
During the industrialization wave which took over the country after World War II several Hungarian towns were developed into large industrial cities. The four villages were united on October 1, 1947 under the name Tatabánya and it was elevated to town status. In 1950 it became the county capital of Komárom-Esztergom county (then called Komárom county.) In the 1980s it already had more than 80.000 inhabitants.
The industrial character of the city was significant until the fall of the Socialist government and the following political changes of 1989. After that the importance of
heavy industryand miningdecreased and the economic structure of the city has changed remarkably.
According to the 2001 census Tatabánya has more than 30,000 households and 60% of them have central heating and telephone access. Almost all households have access to the cable TV network. 98% of the city roads are paved, mass transport is well organized.Vértes Volán provides local and nearby coach services (http://www.vertesvolan.hu/).
Until the mid-20th century, educational standards in the city were average, but in the second half of the century they deteriorated to below average, mostly because the local mines did not require their employees to have a high level of education. By the end of the 20th century though, this trend had reversed again. The city currently has 2 colleges, 10 secondary schools, 16 primary schools, 18 kindergartens and 5 creches.
Culture and sports
The most important cultural institution is the Mari Jászai Theatre. The city has several other institutions (museums, libraries.)
Tatabánya has a football team called TBSC, founded in 1910. The town also has a successful handball team, Tatabánya Carbonex KC.
Turulmonument, above the city on the top of Gerecse Mountain, is the largest bird statue in Central Europe.
Szelim Caveand the forest park of Gerecse Mountain are popular tourist attractions.
* Nearby mountains (Vértes, Gerecse) and villages are a great place to spend time; neighbouring Tata has a beautiful lake and a medieval castle.
Tatabánya is currently divided into the following 6 districts:
Tatabánya also maintains partnerships with the following towns:
* Arad (
Nové Zámky( Slovakia)
* [http://126.96.36.199/tb22.html?PHPSESSID=1917e6594f91cb4344b9cca5da80ec07 Municipal website]
* [http://www.civertan.hu/legifoto/legifoto.php?page_level=753 Aerial photography: Tatabánya]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Tatabanya — Tatabánya Landkarte Stadtwappen Basisdaten St … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tatabánya — Landkarte Stadtwappen Basisdaten … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Tatabánya KC — Voller Name Tatabánya Carbonex Kézilabda Klub Gegründet 1942 Vereinsfarben blau weiß Halle Földi Imre Sportcsarnok, Tatabánya … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Tatabánya — [ tɔtɔbaːnjɔ], Hauptstadt des Bezirks Komárom Esztergom, Nordungarn, zwischen Vértes und Gerecsegebirge (Transdanubianisches Mittelgebirge), 71 700 Einwohner; Mittelpunkt eines Braunkohlenbergbaugebiets mit Brikettfabrik und Großkraftwerken;… … Universal-Lexikon
Tatabánya — Ta·ta·bán·ya (tŏ tŏ bänʹyə) A city of northwest Hungary west of Budapest. It is an industrial center. Population: 76,823. * * * ▪ Hungary city of county status and seat of Komárom Esztergom megye (county), northwestern Hungary. Lying in the … Universalium