Umeå


Umeå

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Umeå
nickname = "Björkarnas Stad" (The city of birches)



image_caption = The Old Town Hall
image_shield =
pushpin_

mapsize =
map_caption =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Sweden
subdivision_type1 = Municipality
subdivision_name1 = Umeå Municipality
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Västerbotten County
subdivision_type3 = Province
subdivision_name3 = Västerbotten
established_title3 = Charter
established_date3 = 17th Century
area_footnotes = cite web |title=Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2000 och 2005 |publisher=Statistics Sweden |url=http://www.scb.se/statistik/MI/MI0810/2005A01B/T%E4torternami0810tab1.xls |format=xls |language=Swedish |accessdate=2008-05-15]
area_total_km2 = 33.46
population_as_of = 2007-12-31
population_footnotes = [http://www.scb.se/templates/tableOrChart____228182.asp Population in the country, counties and municipalities on 31/12/2007 and Population Change in 2007 - Statistics Sweden ] ]
population_total = 111,771
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd=63 |latm=50 |lats= |latNS=N
longd=20 |longm=15 |longs= |longEW=E
website = [http://www.umea.se www.umea.se]

Umeå (IPA2|ʉːmе.оː Audio|sv-Umeå.ogg|listen, _fi. Uumaja, _se. Ubmi) is a university city in Västerbotten, Sweden.

Umeå is the biggest city in Norrland and the capital of Västerbotten County. The city has about 76,000 inhabitants and is the seat of Umeå Municipality (with a total population of 111,571).

Umeå is a center of education, technical and medical research in Sweden, with two universities and over 30,000 students.

Umeå has been expanding for several decades and is one of Sweden's fastest growing cities. Growth sped up in 1965, the same year that the university was established. In the last 30 years, housing in Umeå has doubled and this rate of growth continues. 700 to 800 new apartments are at present constructed each year. [ [http://www.umea.se/omkommunen/languages/inenglish/moreaboutumea.4.bbd1b101a585d704800068526.html More about Umeå - Umeå kommun ] ]

History

The first mention of Umeå is in the 14th century. The northern parts of Sweden, including Umeå, were largely unexplored at that time, but Umeå did form a parish with a wooden church. Umeå functioned as an outpost to the Norrland wilderness. Partly this was due to its location on the coast.sv [http://www.umea.se/omkommunen/faktaomumea/historia/13001652.4.bbd1b101a585d704800065863.html 1300-1652 Umeå kommun] - Umeå official website. Retrieved August 26, 2008]

For the next couple of centuries Umeå was a place consisting of scattered parishes, where merchandise originating with the Sami people was traded, and was the last inhabited place before the northern wilderness took over. However, no real city was built at the location selected by the king, and it lost its town privileges in the 1590s.sv [http://www.umea.se/omkommunen/faktaomumea/historia/13001652.4.bbd1b101a585d704800065863.html 1300-1652 Umeå kommun] - Umeå official website. Retrieved August 26, 2008]

In 1622, a city was again founded by King Gustav II Adolf [ [http://www.umu.se/international_office/living.htm living in Umeå - International Office ] ] In 1638, it had about 40 houses.sv [http://www.umea.se/omkommunen/faktaomumea/historia/13001652.4.bbd1b101a585d704800065863.html 1300-1652 Umeå kommun] - Umeå official website. Retrieved August 26, 2008] It suffered from Russian attacks in 1714 and in 1720 when it was burnt to the ground. At the close of the Finnish War in 1809 the Russian army under Barclay de Tolly took Umeå and held it from June to August. [sv [http://www.umea.se/omkommunen/faktaomumea/historia/17141809.4.bbd1b101a585d704800065874.html 1714-1809 - Umeå kommun] - Umeå official website. Retrieved August 26, 2008]

On 25 June 1888, a fire devastated the eastern parts of Umeå and at least 2,300 of the 3,000 inhabitants became homeless. In the restoration following the fire, silver birch trees where planted along wide avenues to prevent future fires from spreading. [ [http://www.umu.se/umu/eng/about/did_you_know.html Did you know that...? - Umeå University ] ] For this reason Umeå is sometimes known as the 'City of Birches' [http://www.umearegionen.se/download/18.5df2398c11695225c37800073434/eng.pdf] and the Umeå ice-hockey team, Björklöven, means 'The Birch Leaves'.

Geography

Umeå is situated on the inlet of the Gulf of Bothnia at the mouth of the Ume River, in the south of Västerbotten. Umeå is about 600 km north of Stockholm at coord|63|50|N|20|15|E| and about 400 km south of the Arctic Circle. It is the largest city north of the Stockholm-Uppsala region, and is sometimes referred to as the regional centre of northern Sweden. The nearby community of Holmsund serves as its port. From here a ferry line connects it with the neighbouring city of Vaasa (Swedish: "Vasa") in Finland.

Transport

The infrastructure is well equipped with two European highways (E4 and E12) passing Umeå. Near the city centre (4 km) lies the Umeå Airport (810,704 passengers, 2007) It is the 7th largest airport in Sweden, and the number of passengers is steadily increasing.

The railway infrastructure is not so well built, the only connection is a curvy railway, reaching Stockholm in 10 hours using night trains, but not other cities in shorter distance. The biggest railway project in Sweden is being built from the High Coast via Örnsköldsvik to Umeå. This new railway will be 190 km long, with 140 bridges and 25 km of tunnels. The Bothnia Line (or "Botniabanan") will be able to cope with speeds of up to 250 km/hour. The line will give Umeå a fast train connection with Stockholm (5½ hours) and the rest of Europe.

Culture

Umeå has become a capital of culture in northern Sweden. The Opera of northern Sweden, the Norrland Opera, is based in the city. The annual Umeå Jazz Festival is one of the larger Scandinavian festivals for modern jazz. Umeå is also the home of worldwide known progressive metal band Meshuggah as well as Cult of Luna. The main museums in Umeå are: Museum of the county of Västerbotten,the museum of Umeå, The Image Museum and the museum of Skiing.

Umeå is a centre for cultural activities, with annual film and music festivals, and is a multi-cultural city with over 100 different nationalities. Fact|date=March 2008 At the moment the world's northmost mosque is about to be built in the eastern parts of Umeå. The city aims at being elected the European Cultural Capital for 2014. Fact|date=March 2008

Media

Umeå is the centre of television in northern Sweden, SVT Nord and TV4's northern region office are both based in the city. The main newspapers of the county of Västerbotten, Västerbottenskuriren and Västerbottens Folkblad are also based in Umeå.

ports

Umeå is home to Umeå IK, one of the best women's football teams in the world, with several national and international championship titles in recent years. The top men's football team is Umeå FC, currently playing in the Division 1, which is the third highest league for men in Sweden. IF Björklöven is the main ice hockey team, currently playing in the Swedish second-tier league Allsvenskan. Umeå is also the host of the annual Brännbollscupen.

Education and research

Umeå University has about 29,000 students and 4,200 staff. The establishment of the university in the mid 1960s led to a population expansion from about 50,000 inhabitants to today's 110,750. The expansion continues, with about 1000 new inhabitants every year, and has made Umeå a modern, somewhat intellectual city in contrast to the traditional basis on heavy industry for cities along the coast of northern Sweden (Norrland).

The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences or Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet is a university in Sweden. Although its head office is located in Ultuna, Uppsala, the university has several campuses in different parts of Sweden, the other main facilities being Umeå. It is, unlike other state owned universities in Sweden, funded through the budget for the Ministry of Agriculture.

The university hospital serves the entire region of northern Sweden.

Economy

Key research fields of the University are life sciences (especially medical and cell and the molecular biology of plants), human technology interaction, social welfare, ecology and gender perspectives.

The Umeå University works collaboratively with companies such as ABB, Volvo, Skanska, Ericsson, and Ohrlings PricewaterhouseCoopers.

The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) in Umeå, with Umeå Plant Science Center, is another major site of research and education.

Notable companies based in Umeå:
* Komatsu Forest, European HQ
* Siemens Financial Services, Scandinavian HQ
* Volvo Lastvagnar
* Astra
* Handelsbanken, HQ in the northern region of Sweden

Sister cities

*flagicon|Finland Vaasa, Finland
*flagicon|Norway Harstad, Norway
*flagicon|Denmark Helsingör, Denmark
*flagicon|Germany Würzburg, Germany
*flagicon|Russia Petrozavodsk, Russia
*flagicon|Canada Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada
*flagicon|Iran Kashan, Iran
*flagicon|UK Oxford, UK

In the Park of the Sister Cities ("Vänortsparken") is the artwork "Tellus"—a map of the world, with each sister city's location. Each sister city also has a designated area in the park showing something that is typical for it.

Gallery

Famous people from Umeå

*Ibrahim Baylan, politician
*Linda Bergkvist, artist
*Kjell-Olof Feldt, politician
*Sara Lidman, novelist
*Stig Lindberg, artist
*Jonas Sjöstedt, politician

Athletes

*Bjorn Berg
*Marta Vieira da Silva
*Malin Moström
*Hanna Ljungberg
*Per Elofsson
*Daniel Tjärnqvist - NHL player
*Jesper Blomqvist
*Jörgen Brink
*Gunnar Nordahl
*Assar Rönnlund

Bands and musicians

*Asterisk "band"
*Cult of Luna "band"
*Isolation Years "band "
*Komeda "band"
*Khoma "band"
*Meshuggah "band"
*Naglfar (band)
*Nocturnal Rites "band"
*The Perishers (band)
*Persuader "band"
*Refused "band"
*Sahara Hotnights "band"
*The (International) Noise Conspiracy "band"
*Eva Dahlgren
*Johan EdlundFact|date=October 2008
*Frida Hyvönen
*Daniel Lindström
*Dennis Lyxzén
*Lisa Miskovsky
*Nicklas Nygren
*David Sandström

See also

*NorrlandsOperan
*Battle of Ratan and Sävar
*Umeå Hardcore
*Umeå Open

References

External links

* [http://www.umea.se/omkommunen/languages/inenglish.4.bbd1b101a585d704800067778.html Umeå] , official site
* [http://www.umea2014.se/inenglish.4.3c6cfe2710af5588bc7800019751.html Umeå Capital of Culture 2014] , official site
* [http://www.umearegionen.se Umeå Region] , official site
* [http://www.visitumea.se/Default.aspx?lang=en Umeå Tourist Office] , official site
* [http://www.botniabanan.se The Bothnian Railway link]
* [http://www.lfv.se/templates/LFV_AirportStartPage____2077.aspx Umeå Airport]
* [http://www.umu.se/umu/index_eng.html Umeå University]
* [http://www.upsc.se Umeå Plant Science Center(UPSC)]


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