Saar River


Saar River

Infobox River | river_name = Saar



caption = Saar loop at Mettlach.
origin = Vosges mountains
mouth = Moselle
coord|49|42|5|N|6|34|11|E|name=Moselle-Saar|display=inline,title
basin_countries = France, Germany
length = 246 km
elevation = ±800 m
discharge = 75 m³/s
watershed = 7,431 km²
The Saar (French: "Sarre") is a river in northeastern France and western Germany, and a right tributary of the Moselle River. It rises in the Vosges mountains on the border of Alsace and Lorraine, with two headstreams ("Sarre Rouge" and "Sarre Blanche", united in Lorquin), that both start near Mont Donon, the highest peak of the northern Vosges. After 246 km (126 km in France and 120 km in Germany) the Saar flows into the Moselle River at Konz (Rhineland-Palatinate), having a catchment area of 7,431 km².

In former times, the Saar was very important for the Saarland industries of coal, iron and steel. Raw materials and finished products were shipped on it by water via the Saar Coal Canal, the Marne-Rhine Canal and the Rhine, for instance, to the Ruhrgebiet or the port of Rotterdam. Although the German part of the Saar has been upgraded to a waterway by deepening, construction of sluices and straightening, there is no significant shipping traffic.

The Saar flows through the following departments of France, states of Germany and towns:
*Moselle (F): Abreschviller (Sarre Rouge), Lorquin, Sarrebourg, Fénétrange
*Bas-Rhin (F): Sarre-Union
*Moselle (F): Sarralbe, Sarreguemines
*Saarland (D): Saarbrücken, Völklingen, Wadgassen, Bous, Saarlouis, Dillingen, Merzig
*Rhineland-Palatinate (D): Saarburg, Konz.

On the banks of the Saar is the UNESCO-World Heritage Site Völklinger Hütte. At Mettlach the Saar passes the well-known Saar loop.

Important tributaries of the Saar

* Blies
* Nied
* Prims

Hydrology

* Length: 246 km, (126 in France, 120 km in Germany)
* Catchment area: 7,431 km²

References

*http://www.geoportail.fr
* [http://sandre.eaufrance.fr/app/chainage/courdo/htm/A9--0100.php?cg=A9--0100 The Saar (Sarre) at the Sandre database]


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