Iatromantis (from "iatreia" "healing, care" and "manteia" "divination, oracle") is a Greek word whose literal meaning is most simply rendered "physician-seer." Perhaps the most famous "iatromantis" was the Greek presocratic philosopher Parmenides, best known as the founder of western logic. Iatromantis, a form of Greek shamanism, is related to other semimythical figures such as Abaris, Aristeas, Epimenides, and Hermotimus.cite book
last = Luck
first = Georg
title = Arcana Mundi: Magic and the Occult in the Greek and Roman Worlds: A Collection of Ancient Texts
publisher = The Johns Hopkins University Press
date = 2006
pages = pp. 500
isbn = 0801883466

According to Dr. Peter Kingsley, "iatromantis" figures belonged to a wider Greek and Asian shamanic tradition with origins in Central Asia.cite book
last = Kingsley
first = Peter
authorlink = Peter_Kingsley_(scholar)
title = In the Dark Places of Wisdom
publisher = The Golden Sufi Center
date = 1999
pages = pp. 255
isbn = 1-890350-01-X
] A main ecstatic, meditative practice of these healer-prophets was incubation ("enkoimesis"). More than just a medical technique, incubation reportedly allowed a human being to experience a fourth state of consciousness different from sleeping, dreaming, or ordinary waking: a state that Kingsley describes as “consciousness itself” and likens to the "turiya" or "samadhi" of the Indian yogic traditions.


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