Simian


Simian

Taxobox
name = Simians
fossil_range = Middle Eocene – Recent



image_caption = "Lar Gibbon"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Primates
subordo = Haplorrhini
infraordo = Simiiformes
infraordo_authority = Haeckel, 1866
subdivision_ranks = Families
subdivision =
Cebidae
Aotidae
Pitheciidae
Atelidae
Cercopithecidae
Hylobatidae
Hominidae
The simians (infraorder Simiiformes) are the "higher primates" familiar to most people: the monkeys and the apes, including humans. Simians tend to be larger than the "lower primates" or prosimians.

Classification and evolution

The simians are split into three groups. The New World monkeys in Platyrrhini parvorder split from the simian line about 40 million years ago (mya), leaving the Catarrhini parvorder occupying the Old World. This group split about 25 mya between the Old World monkeys and the apes. Earlier classifications split the primates into two large groups: the "Prosimii" (strepsirrhines and tarsiers) and the simians in "Anthropoidea"(an'thro-poy'de-a)(Gr. "anthropos", man).

* ORDER PRIMATES
** Suborder Strepsirrhini: non-tarsier prosimians
** Suborder Haplorrhini: tarsiers, monkeys and apes
*** Infraorder Tarsiiformes
*** Infraorder Simiiformes
**** Parvorder Platyrrhini: New World monkeys
***** Family Cebidae: marmosets, tamarins, capuchins and squirrel monkeys
***** Family Aotidae: night or owl monkeys (douroucoulis)
***** Family Pitheciidae: titis, sakis and uakaris
***** Family Atelidae: howler, spider and woolly monkeys
**** Parvorder Catarrhini
***** Superfamily Cercopithecoidea
****** Family Cercopithecidae: Old World monkeys
***** Superfamily Hominoidea
****** Family Hylobatidae: gibbons
****** Family Hominidae: great apes and humans

ee also

* "Simia", Carolus Linnaeus's original classification of these primates.Also. there arent any monkeys in Africa

References

*MSW3 Groves|pages=128-184


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  • Șimian — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in Rumänien: Șimian (Bihor), Gemeinde im Kreis Bihor Șimian (Mehedinți), Gemeinde im Kreis Mehedinți Șimian bedeutet außerdem: Șimian (Insel), Insel im rumänischen Teil der Donau Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärun …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • simian — SIMIÁN, simieni, s.m. (La pl.) Subordin de mamifere primate cu encefalul foarte dezvoltat, orbita separată de cavitatea temporală, o pereche de mamele pectorale şi faţa expresivă (Simioidea); (şi la sg.) mamifer care face parte din acest subordin …   Dicționar Român

  • Simian — Sim i*an, a. [L. simia an ape.] (Zo[ o]l.) Of or pertaining to the family {Simiad[ae]}, which, in its widest sense, includes all the Old World apes and monkeys; also, apelike. n. Any Old World monkey or ape. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • simian — pertaining to monkeys or apes, c.1600, from L. simia ape, from simus snub nosed, from Gk. simos snub nosed, bent upward, of unknown origin. The noun meaning an ape or monkey first is attested in 1880 …   Etymology dictionary

  • simian — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to or resembling apes or monkeys. ► NOUN ▪ an ape or monkey. ORIGIN from Latin simia ape , perhaps from Greek simos flat nosed …   English terms dictionary

  • simian — [sim′ē ən] adj. [< L simia, an ape, prob. < simus, flat nosed < Gr simos < ? IE base * swei , to bend] of or like an ape or monkey n. an ape or monkey …   English World dictionary

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  • simian — [[t]sɪ̱miən[/t]] 1) ADJ: usu ADJ n If someone has a simian face, they look rather like a monkey. [FORMAL] Ada Buck was small and ancient, with a wrinkled, simian face. 2) ADJ: usu ADJ n Simian is used to describe things relating to monkeys or… …   English dictionary

  • Simian — 1 Original name in latin imian Name in other language Simian, imian State code RO Continent/City Europe/Bucharest longitude 47.48333 latitude 22.1 altitude 121 Population 3977 Date 2012 06 12 2 Original name in latin imian Name in other language… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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