Sami Solanki


Sami Solanki

Infobox_Scientist
name = Sami Khan Solanki
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birth_date = Birth date and age|1958|10|02|mf=y
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field = Astronomy, Solar physics
work_institution = Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich
alma_mater = Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich
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known_for = Solar and heliospheric physics, solar magnetism and Sun-Earth relations
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Sami Khan Solanki (born 1958) is Professor at the Institute of Astronomy at the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich [ [http://saturn.ethz.ch/staff/solanki/solanki_nf.html Solanki's staff page at the ETHZ] ] (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich) and is the Director for the Sun-Heliosphere Department of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, and a scientific member of the Max Planck Society. [ [http://www.mps.mpg.de/en/institut/profil.html Organizational profile] for the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research] [ [http://www.mps.mpg.de/images/institut/profil/organigramm_en_2005.gifOrganizational chart] for the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research] and a Chair (and spokesperson) of the International Max Planck Research School on Physical Processes in the Solar System and Beyond at the Universities of Braunschweig and Göttingen. [ [http://www.solar-system-school.de/coordinator.html Staff page] for the International Max Planck Research School on Physical Processes in the Solar System and Beyond] . He is the editor-in-chief of the "Living ReviewsTM in Solar Physics" [ [http://solarphysics.livingreviews.org Living Reviews in Solar Physics] ] an online review journal for solar physics and related fields.

Solanki's main topics of research are:
* Solar and heliospheric physics, in particular solar magnetism and Sun-Earth relations
* Stellar astrophysics, mainly stellar activity and magnetism
* Astronomical tests of theories of gravitation
* Atomic and molecular physics of astronomical interest
* Protoplanetary discs and extrasolar planets
* Radiative transfer of polarized light

He has contributed to SOHO Virgo, STEREO Secchi, SDO HMI [The [http://hmi.stanford.edu/ Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI)] , led from Stanford University in Stanford, CA, studies solar variability and characterizes the Sun's interior and the various components of magnetic activity.] projects.

Academic career

* 1987 Doctorate from the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich [ [http://www.mps.mpg.de/solar-system-school/faculty.html#ss short bio] ]
* 1987–1989 Post doc in St. Andrews, Scotland.
* 1992 Habilitation
* 1998 Professor of Astronomy at the University of Oulu in Finland
* 1999 Minnaert guest professor at the University of Utrecht
* 1999 Director of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research

Awards and Honours

* 2001 Honorary professor at the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule
* 2003 Honorary professor at the Technische Universität Braunschweig
* 2006 Associateship of the Royal Astronomical Society [ [http://www.ras.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=896&Itemid=2 Notice] of associateship of the Royal Astronomical Society]

Controversy

Solanki's research has been quoted as being part of the Global warming controversy, for instance in an article in the Telegraph.co.uk in 2004 [cite news | first=Michael | last=Leidig | coauthors=Roya Nikkhah | publisher=Telegraph.co.uk | date=2007-07-18 | access-date=2007-04-18 | title=The truth about global warming - it's the Sun that's to blame | url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2004/07/18/wsun18.xml&sSheet=/news/2004/07/18/ixnewstop.html ] [cite news | first=Michael | last=Leidig | publisher=The Washington Times | date=2004-07-18 | accessdate=2007-04-18 | title=Hotter-burning sun warming the planet | url=http://www.washtimes.com/world/20040718-115714-6334r.htm ] as taking a sceptical position:cquote|the impact of more intense sunshine on the ozone layer and on cloud cover could be affecting the climate more than the sunlight itself But the same research has been quoted as being evidence for global warming in a news release from the Max Planck Society [cite pressrelease | title=How Strongly Does the Sun Influence the Global Climate? – Studies at the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research reveal: solar activity affects the climate but plays only a minor role in the current global warming | publisher=Max Planck Society | date=2004-08-02 | accessdate=2007-04-16 | url=http://www.mpg.de/english/illustrationsDocumentation/documentation/pressReleases/2004/pressRelease20040802/ ] where he is quoted as saying:cquote|since about 1980, while the total solar radiation, its ultraviolet component, and the cosmic ray intensity all exhibit the 11-year solar periodicity, there has otherwise been no significant increase in their values. In contrast, the Earth has warmed up considerably within this time period. This means that the Sun is not the cause of the present global warming.

Selected Publications [ [http://www.mps.mpg.de/dokumente/publikationen/solanki/liste/liste.pdf Complete list of publications] ]

citation
first1=Sami K.| last1=Solanki
author-link=Sami Solanki
first2=Ilya G.| last2=Usoskin
first3=Bernd | last3=Kromer
first4=Manfred| last4=Schüssler
first5=Jürg | last5=Beer
title=Unusual activity of the Sun during recent decades compared to the previous 11,000 years
journal=Nature
volume=431 | year= 2004 | pages=1084-1087
url=http://cc.oulu.fi/%7Eusoskin/personal/nature02995.pdf
format=PDF
doi=10.1038/nature02995

citation
first1=Sami K.| last1=Solanki
first2=Natalia A. | last2=Krivova
author1-link=Sami Solanki
title=Can solar variability explain global warming since 1970?
journal=Journal of Geophysical Research
volume=108 | issue=A5 | pages=7.1-7.8 | year=2003
doi=10.1029/2002JA009753
url=http://www.mps.mpg.de/homes/natalie/PAPERS/warming.pdf
format=PDF

citation
first1=Ilya G.| last1=Usoskin
first2=Sami K.| last2=Solanki
first3=Manfred| last3=Schüssler
first4=Kalevi | last4=Mursula
first5=Katja | last5= Alanko
author2-link=Sami Solanki
title=A Millennium Scale Sunspot Number Reconstruction: Evidence For an Unusually Active Sun Since the 1940s
journal=Physical Review Letters
volume=91 | year=2003
url=http://arxiv.org/pdf/astro-ph/0310823
format=PDF
doi=10.1103/PhysRevLett.91.211101

citation
last=Solanki | first=Sami K.
author-link=Sami Solanki
title=Small-scale solar magnetic fields: An overview
journal=Space Science Reviews
volume=63 | issue=1-2 | year=1993 | pages=1-188
url=http://www.springerlink.com/content/rum04160342m7627/
doi=10.1007/BF00749277

citation
last1=Schuessler | first1=M.
last2=Solanki | first2=Sami K.
author2-link=Sami Solanki
title=Why rapid rotators have polar spots
journal=Astronomy and Astrophysics
volume=264 | issue=1 | year= 1992 | pages=L13-L16
url=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1992A&A...264L..13S

citation
last=Solanki | first=Sami K.
author-link=Sami Solanki
title=Velocities in solar magnetic fluxtubes
journal=Astronomy and Astrophysics
volume=168 | issue=1-2 | year= 1986 | pages=311-329
url=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986A&A...168..311S

citation
last1=Solanki | first1=Sami K.
last2=Stenflo | first2=J.O.
author1-link=Sami Solanki
title=Properties of solar magnetic fluxtubes as revealed by Fe I lines
journal=Astronomy and Astrophysics
volume=140 | issue=1 | year= 1984 | pages=185-198
url=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1992A&A...264L..13S

References

External links

* [http://www.mps.mpg.de/homes/solanki/ Personal webpage] at the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research
* " [http://www.spaceref.com/news/viewpr.html?pid=14751 How Strongly Does the Sun Influence the Global Climate?] " Press Release Aug 4 2004 by the Max Planck Institute
* " [http://fm-eth.ethz.ch/eth/media/FMPro?-db=pressemitteilungen.fp5&-lay=html&-format=pr_detail_de.html&pr_id=1998-22&-find Sonne und Treibhausgase heizen ein (en:The Sun and Greenhousegases warm up)] " Press release February 19, 1998 by the ETHZ
* Sun Heliosphere Department [http://www.mps.mpg.de/en/forschung/sonne/mitarbeiter.html]
* " [http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Newsroom/MediaAlerts/2004/2004102817775.html The sun is more active now than over the last 8000 years"] NASA press release from 2004
*
* Citation
first=Sami K. | last=Solanki
author-link=Sami Solanki
title=Solar variability and climate change: is there a link?
journal=Astronomy & Geophysics
volume=43 | issue=5 | pages=5.09–5.13
doi=10.1046/j.1468-4004.2002.43509.x
url=http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=synergy&synergyAction=showFullText&doi=10.1046/j.1468-4004.2002.43509.x&cookieSet=1

Persondata
NAME= Solanki, Sami K.
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Astronomer
DATE OF BIRTH=1958-10-02
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=
PLACE OF DEATH=


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