SIG P226

SIG P226

Infobox Weapon
name= SIG P226


caption= SIG P226
origin=flagcountry|Germany flagcountry|Switzerland
type= Semi-automatic pistol
is_ranged=yes
service=
used_by= See "Usage"
designed= 1980
wars=
designer=
design_date=
manufacturer=SIG SAUER
production_date=
number=
variants= See "Variants"
weight=

  • 802 g (28.3 oz)
  • 867 g (30.6 oz) (.357 SIG and .40 S&W)
    length= 196 mm (7.7 in)

part_length= 112 mm (4.4 in)
cartridge=
  • 9x19mm Parabellum,
  • .40 S&W,
  • .357 SIG

caliber=
action= mechanically locked, recoil operated (DA/SA, DAO, DAK)
rate=
velocity=
range=
max_range=
feed= 12 (.40 S&W) or (9mm Para) 15 round magazine
sights= Iron sights

The SIG Sauer P226 is a full-sized, service type pistol chambered for the 9x19mm Parabellum, .40 S&W and .357 SIG. Its design is based on the SIG Sauer P220.

History

The P226 was designed for entry into the XM9 Service Pistol Trials, which were held by the US Army in 1984 on behalf of the US armed forces to find a replacement for the M1911A1. Only the Beretta 92F and the SIG P226 satisfactorily completed the trials. According to a GAO report, Beretta was awarded the M9 contract for the 92F due to better durability during endurance testing and a lower total package price. During the endurance testing none of the 92Fs broke, while two of the P226s cracked frames between six and seven thousand rounds. The minimum endurance requirement was five thousand rounds, so the P226s were considered acceptable. The P226 cost less per pistol than the 92F, but SIG's package price with magazines and spare parts was higher than Beretta's. The Navy SEALs, however, chose to adopt the P226 later after several catastrophic slide failures with issued Beretta M9s.

The original P226 was manufactured in West Germany, featured a mandrel-stamped steel slide, and was available in blued, nickel, and two-tone finishes.

Manufacture

SIG firearms are manufactured both in Germany and in Exeter, New Hampshire, United States. Although Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft is a Swiss company, Swiss law is highly restrictive when it comes to the export of firearms. Consequently, SIG entered into an agreement with German gun manufacturer (and eventual owner) J.P. Sauer & Sohn to facilitate an export market for their products. In 2000 the SIG Holding AG sold J.P. Sauer & Sohn GmbH to two German businessmen. [ [http://www.sigsauer.de/ Sauer: Intro ] ] The Brandname SIGSauer remained at the J.P. Sauer & Sohn GmbH.

Concerns

Though ergonomically sound, there were some minor concerns with the reliability of the pistol when using after-market grips.

Early versions fitted with after-market or replacement grip panels occasionally (albeit rarely) developed reliability issues because the inside of the grip panel put pressure on (and thereby interfered with) the firing mechanism. OEM and later quality replacement panels, coupled with keeping the grip screws tight, resolved this issue.

Variants

P226 Rail

The P226 Rail (or P226R) is the same as a P226, but it has a rail on the dustcover. The P226R's rail has a more rounded contour than the standard Picatinny rail and while most Picatinny-rail accessories will fit, not all will. This has now become the standard P226. [ [http://www.sigsauer.com/Products/ShowCatalogProductDetails.aspx?categoryid=7&productid=90 P226 page from 'www.sigsauer.com'] ]

P226 Tactical

A P226R with an extended 5" barrel and external threads to accept a suppressor.

P226 Navy

Navy SEAL Teams started using the SIG P226 in the 1980s.

The first Naval Special Warfare-spec P226 pistols to be offered to the public were the NSW Commemoratives, issued in early 2004. The SIG P226-9-NAVY is a version of the SIG P226 that is produced to the exact specifications of the pistols supplied to Navy SEALs, including special phosphate corrosion-resistant finish on internal parts (no longer offered), contrast sights, and a slide engraved with an anchor to designate them as Naval Special Warfare pistols. SIGARMS raised $100,000 for the Special Operations Warrior Foundation through the sale of these NSW serialized pistols. The pistol bearing serial number NSW0001 was sold during a live auction on the nationally syndicated Laura Ingraham radio show for an additional $25,000. [ [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3197/is_9_50/ai_n15654797 Sigarms donates $100,000 to foundation | Shooting Industry | Find Articles at BNET.com ] ]

P226 Blackwater

The SIG P226 Blackwater was developed to specifications of Blackwater USA. Features include bi-color night sights, distinctive engravings on the slide and wood grips, and five factory high-capacity magazines. The premium in price for the Blackwater 226 is generally seen as worth the wood grips and extra magazines.Fact|date=July 2008

P226 ST

The SIG SAUER P226 ST is an all stainless version of the SIG P226 pistol. It has a blued barrel and the frame features a Picatinny rail. It is heavier than a standard P226 because the frame and slide are stainless steel. The stainless P226 in 9 mm is a popular pistol with competitors that compete in the sport of practical shooting.

P226R HSP

On sale 2005-09-11, SIG SAUER Homeland Security Pistols (HSP) are the same models SIG builds for the Department of Homeland Security. This is a limited production run of 1,000 P226R HSP pistols available engraved with the American flag and Homeland Security X of 1000. Additionally, each pistol comes in .40 S&W caliber and is engraved with serial number barcoding just like those which were shipped to DHS. The HSP also features the new DAK trigger, a stainless steel Nitron slide topped with SIGLITE night sights, and a light weight alloy frame with Picatinny rail.

There is also a P229R HSP model available with the same features.

P226 X-Five

The SIG Sauer P226 X-Five is a competition variant of the P226 with a 5" slide and barrel, beavertail grip, and an adjustable rear target sight. Intended for IPSC competitive shooting, the X-Five is hand-fitted and assembled in Germany, and its resulting accuracy accordingly rivals the legendary SIG P210. Available in 9 mm or .40 S&W, there are four models being offered in the United States:
*The "Competition" model has a single-action-only (SA) trigger, ambidextrous thumb safety, flared magazine well, and high-capacity magazines (19-round 9 mm/ 14-round .40 S&W).
*The "Level-1" model adds a special adjustable SA trigger and Nill wood grips.
*The "Allround" model has a double-action/ single-action (DA/SA) trigger, a decocking lever and a standard magazine well designed to accommodate P226 magazines. (no longer being offered in the United States)
*The "Tactical" model comes with a black Ilaflon finish, and features a light-weight alloy frame with a Picatinny rail, and fixed contrast or tritium night sights. Available in either SA or DA/SA configuration. (US models only come chambered for 9 mm, but a .40 S&W model is available in Germany.)All SIG P226 X-Five models include a factory test target with a sub-1 inch 5-shot grouping from 25 meters.

P226 Elite

The Elite adds an ergonomic beavertail grip, front cocking serrations, front strap checkering, custom wood grips and the new Short Reset Trigger. SIG engineers designed the SRT to provide the same safety and action of the SIG DA/SA with a reset that is 60% shorter for faster trigger return during high speed shooting. The P226 Elite is available in 9 mm, .357 SIG or .40 S&W.

P228

A compact version of the P226, the P228, is in use with the US military (notably with the Army CID, Air Force OSI, and Naval Aviation), designated the M11 and is also the standard issue handgun of the Swedish Police as well as US Naval Criminal Investigative Service. It is also used by many police agencies around the world, including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The P228 has a shorter slide and barrel than the P226. Unlike the P226, the P228 is available only in 9x19mm Parabellum with a 13 round magazine, but can also use P226 15 or 20 round magazines. The P229 is nearly identical to the P228, but it has a one piece solid steel (vs. the P228's carbon stamped steel) slide and is available in 9 mm, .40 S&W, and .357 SIG. From a distance, the P228 can be differentiated from the P226 by comparing the trigger guards (the P228's is curved, while the P226's is slightly hooked) and the barrel and slide lengths (the P228's barrel is 12.7 mm shorter, thus having a corresponding shorter slide). Also in a side by side comparison the P228 would appear slightly shorter (2.5 mm shorter) than the P226. The larger capacity P226 magazine can also be employed in the P228 although it extends from the base of the grip. It is also available in the 'Ladies Escort' version with an adapted trigger for women with extra small hands. Manufacture of the P228 was discontinued with the introduction of 9mm chambering in the P229.

P229

The P229 is a compact firearm, often used for concealed carry purposes. The standard version features a DA/SA trigger, but it is also available with a DAO trigger.

The pistol has also been made available in a DAK (Double Action Kellerman) model, which is a DAO system with two trigger reset points, and a lighter, smoother pull than that of traditional DAO handguns.

The P229 differs from its cousin the P226 in several respects, and was originally introduced to supplement and then replace the P228 by adding the .357 Sig and .40 S&W as available chamberings. The P229 was the first production handgun introduced that could chamber the .357 Sig round. The P226 and P228 were originally manufactured using a stamped-steel slide on an aluminum alloy frame. The P229 consists of a CNC-milled stainless steel slide, typically colored black with a Nitron finish. The P229's milled steel slide was introduced to handle the higher slide velocities created by the .357 Sig and .40 S&W loads, which the stamped slide of the P228 could not handle without the use of a much stiffer recoil spring. This would have made manual slide-retraction much more difficult and the use of a milled stainless slide (coupled with the new milling and stainless production capabilities found in the U.S. factory) with a standard weight recoil spring made more sense.

A standard weight recoil spring for the P228 is 16 lbs; a spring weight of 20lbs or higher would have been required if a stamped slide was used for the .40 S&W or 357 SIG chamberings. The SAAMI maximum chamber pressures of 9mm, 9mm +P .40 S&W, & 357 SIG are as follows (in PSI): 35,000; 38,500; 35,000; & 40,000. The slide on the P226 was redesigned in a similar fashion, and civilian sales of the P228 were discontinued in early 2005 due to declining sales (and due to the advent of the P229 in 9mm). The P226 and P229 are both available with optional accessory rails and optional forged stainless steel frames.

The P229 can be chambered in 9 mm, .40 S&W or .357 SIG. Changing between .40 S&W and .357 SIG is as simple as switching out the barrel. Conversion barrels, from companies such as Bar-Sto Precision Machine, [http://www.barsto.com/ Bar-Sto Precision Machine] ] also allow a P229 or P226 to change between a .40 S&W/.357 SIG to a 9 mm caliber. Magazines shipped with .357 SIG models have a "necked" throat that will only accept that caliber. Magazines shipped with .40 S&W models will accept either caliber. The 9 mm model cannot be converted to another caliber.

P229 DAK

SIG recently released an improved version of the double-action only (DAO) pistols; this version is called the DAK (for Double Action Kellerman, after the designer of the system). When firing the pistol the first trigger pull is only 6.5 lbf (compared to 10 pounds for the standard DAO). After the pistol fires and the trigger is released forward the trigger has an intermediate reset point that is approximately halfway to the trigger at rest position. The trigger pull from this intermediate reset point is 8.5 lbf. If the trigger is released all the way forward, this will engage the primary trigger reset and have a trigger pull of 6.5 lbf. To engage the intermediate reset, the trigger must be held to the rear while the slide is cycled, either manually or by the recoil of a round being fired. The United States Coast Guard has adopted this firearm as its PDW (Personal Defense Weapon), replacing the older M9 pistol. [http://www.military.com/soldiertech/0,14632,Soldiertech_SIG,,00.html Grand Prize Winner: Sig Sauer P229] ]

Usage

P226

*USA
**Arizona Highway Patrol (P226, P229, P239.40 S&W)
**Alameda County Sheriff's Office
**Beverly Hills Police Department
**Boca Raton, FL Police Department (P229 .40 S&W, 239)
**Chicago Heights, IL Police Department (9 mm DA/SA)
**City of Brookfield Police Department, Wi
**Dallas Police Department
**Defense Intelligence Agency
**Elizabeth, NJ Police (9mm, P226)
**Fairfax County Police Department, Virginia (P226, P228 .40 S&W)
**Federal Reserve Police Jacksonville Branch (.40 S&W)
**Flint, Michigan Police department (9mm)
**Frederick County, Maryland Sheriff's Office
**Fremont, California Police Department
**Fort Worth Police Department (.40 S&W)
**Houston Police Department (.40 S&W)
**U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
**Lansing, IL Police Department
**Massachusetts Department of Correction (.40 S&W)
**Massachusetts State Police (P226 DAK, .40 S&W)
**Michigan State Police
**Nassau County Police Department, Long Island, N.Y.
**United States Navy SEALs (P226 Navy under the designation of Mk 24 Mod 0)
**New York City Police Department (NYPD) P226 9 mm DAO
**North Dakota Highway Patrol (.357 SIG)
**Oklahoma Highway Patrol (.357 SIG)
**Opelika Police Department (.40 SIG P226)
**Rhode Island State Police (P226 DAK, .357 SIG)
**Sacramento Police Department
**San Francisco Police Department (in .40 S&W)
**San Joaquin County Sheriff's Office (.40 S&W)
**San Jose Police Department
**Seminole County, Florida Sheriff's Office (.357 Sig DAK)
**Texas Highway Patrol (.357 Sig DAK)
**Texas Rangers
**University of San Francisco Department of Public Safety
**Virginia State Police (P229 .357sig)
**Whitehall, Ohio Police Department (.40 S&W 9 mm)
*GBR
**British Armed Forces under the designation L105A1
*CAN
**Canadian Forces Military Police, JTF-2 and Naval Boarding Parties.
**Nova Scotia Department of Natural Resources Conservation Officers
**Ontario Provincial Police
**CN Railway Police
**Royal Newfoundland Constabulary
**Vancouver Police Department
*FIN
**Finnish Army
*IRL
**Emergency Response Unit (Garda)
**Irish Army Rangers
*IRN
**Adopted it for use under license by Defense Industries Organization as the ZOAF and, currently, as the PC9 pistol
*INA
**Gegana
**Denjaka
**Detasemen Bravo
**Kopaska
**Kopassus
*flag|Israel
**Sayeret Duvdevan
*JPN
**Special Assault Team
**Japan Ground Self-Defense Force & Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force as Minebea P9.

*MYS
**10 Paratrooper Brigade
**Grup Gerak Khas
**General Operations Forces
*NZL
**New Zealand Army
*POL
**Polish Navy (GSP FORMOZA)
*SLO
**Slovenian Army (ESD - Special Forces)
*SGP
**Singapore Armed Forces
*ESP
**Grupo Especial de Operaciones (GEO)
*SWE
**Swedish Police
*VEN
**Fuerza Armada Nacional
**Fayette County, GA Sheriff's Department

P228

*ALB
**RENEA
*GBR
**SAS
*CAN
**Service de police de la Ville de Laval
*FRA
**GIGN
*JPN
**Special Assault Team
**Special Security Team
*MYS
**General Operations Forces
*SWE
**Swedish Police
*USA
**United States Navy SEALs (Under designation as the M11) [ [http://www.navyseals.com/m11 M11 | NavySEALs.com - Experience the SEAL Edge ] ]
**United States Army Criminal Investigation Command
**National Park Service
**United States Naval Criminal Investigation Service
**United States Navy, Naval Aviation
**United States Air Force Office of Special Investigations
**New Jersey State Police
**Delta Force (1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta)
**Task Force 11
**Federal Bureau of Prisons, Special Operations Response Team (SORT)
*UAE
**Abu Dhabi Police
**Abu Dhabi Police SWAT Team
**UAE Special Forces
**UAE Army
**Dubai Police SWAT Team

P229

*GBR
**British Armed Forces (L117A2)
*USA
**Fairfax County, Virginia Police Department (P226, P229, .40 S&W)
**Nevada Highway Patrol (.40 S&W)
**United States Naval Criminal Investigation Service (P229 DAK, .40 S&W)
**Anne Arundel County Police Department (.40 S&W)
**Connecticut State Police (.40 S&W)
**Gulfport, Florida Police Department (P229 DAK, .40 S&W)
**Houston Police Department
**North Carolina State Highway Patrol (P229 DAK, .357 SIG)
**St. Louis County Police Department (.40 S&W)
**Rutherford County, Tennessee Sheriff's Department (.40 S&W)
**Virginia State Police (P229 DAK, .357 SIG)
**Vermont State Police (P229 DAK, .40 S&W, carried with an issued, underlug-mounted Surefire X200 light)
**Wilmington, Delaware Probation & Parole (.40 S&W)
**United States Department of Homeland Security
***Federal Air Marshal Service (.357 SIG)
***United States Coast Guard (P229 DAK, .40 S&W)
***Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) (P229 DAK, .40 S&W)
***United States Secret Service (.357 SIG)
**United States Department of State - Diplomatic Security Service (P229 Rail, 9 mm)
**Federal Reserve Police (.40 S&W) May have used. Federal Reserve (Federal Protection) are now seen with the S&W M&P (.40)
**United States Postal Inspectors (P229R DAK, .40 S&W)
**Memphis Police Department (.40 S&W)
**Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Police Department, (DAO, .40 S&W)
** Texas Highway Patrol (.357 Sig)
**Fayette County, GA Sheriff's Department

Gallery

ee also

*M9 pistol
*Joint Combat Pistol
*List of individual weapons of the U.S. Armed Forces

Notes and references

External links

GAO report, Pistol Procurement, Allegations on Army Selection of Beretta 9-mm. as DODStandard Sidearm, June 1986. http://archive.gao.gov/d4t4/130439.pdf

* [http://www.sigsauer.com/Products/ShowCatalogProduct.aspx?categoryid=7 Official page]
* [http://remtek.com/arms/sig/model/226/226.htm The Arms Site review and history of the P226]
* [http://world.guns.ru/handguns/hg09-e.htm Modern firearms]


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