- Ponce, Puerto Rico
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Territory
map_caption =Location of Ponce, Puerto Rico within Puerto Rico.
longEW=W| official_name = Autonomous Municipality of Ponce
Municipio Autónomo de Ponce |
image_caption = Ponce skyline from El Vigia
nickname = "La Perla del Sur" , "Ciudad Señorial" , "Ciudad de los Leones"
blank_info = Ponceños|blank_name=Gentilic|
established_date = 1692|established_title=Founded| |leader_title=
leader_name = Francisco Zayas Seijo
leader_party = Partido Popular Democrático
political party display = PPD
leader_name1= 5 - Ponce
leader_name2 = 24, 25| area_magnitude = 1 E9 | area_total_km2 = 501.44
area_land_km2 = 297.13| area_water_km2 = 204.31| population_as_of = 2000 | population_note =
population_total = 186475|population_footnotes= | population_density_km2 = 627.6|
(2000 Census) [ [http://www.topuertorico.org/pdf/2kh72.pdf Demographics/Ethnic U.S 2000 census] ]
population_blank2 = 83.6% White 5.3% Black 0.3% American Indian/AN 0.1% Asian 0.1%
Native Hawaiian/PI 5.4% Some other race 5.2% Two or more races|latitude = 18°0'36" N
longitude = 66°22'12" W | website = www.ponceweb.org | footnotes = Anthem – "¡Oh, Ponce! En mi corazón" |
Ponce ( [ponse] ), officially the "Autonomous Municipality of Ponce", is a municipality of
Puerto Ricolocated in the Southern Coastal Plain region of the island, south of Adjuntas, Utuadoand Jayuya; east of Peñuelas; and west of Juana Díaz. It has a total of 19 wards, including the historic "Ponce Pueblo" (the downtown area of the city).
Ponce, the second largest city in Puerto Rico outside of the San Juan metropolitan area, [cite web| url=http://www.puertorico.com/destinations/ponce/| title=Puerto Rico - Ponce, Puerto Rico| accessdate=2007-06-16] is named after Juan Ponce de León y Loayza, the grandson of Spanish
conquistador Juan Ponce de León. It is located a few miles from the Caribbeancoastline of the island. Ponce is often referred to as "La Perla del Sur" (The Pearl of the South) and "La Ciudad Señorial de Puerto Rico" (Majestic city of Puerto Rico).
Ponce, nicknamed "Ciudad de los leones" (City of the Lions) after Ponce de León, Ponce is also called "La Perla del Sur" (The Pearl of the South), has one of Puerto Rico's richest histories, dating back to the 17th century.
In 1692 Juan Ponce de León y Loayza (Juan Ponce de León's great-grandson) obtained a royal permit ("cédula real") to formalize the founding of a hamlet around what was a small chapel at the time, raised and dedicated in honor of
Our Lady of Guadalupe. The hamlet was declared a villa in 1848, and obtained its city charter in 1877.
A strong influx of immigrants from
Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, especially Catalonian-Jews, and other regions of eastern Spain, as well as from the United Kingdom(one of Vanna White's ancestors was mayor of the city once), Greece, Germanyand France, as well as wealthy Spaniards who fled from the independence revolts in Cuba, Colombiaand Venezuelaassured the city's progress. Some of these immigrants made considerable fortunes in coffee, cornand sugar caneharvesting, rumproduction, bankingand finance, the importing of industrial machinery, ironfoundries and other enterprises. At a given time during the late 19th century, Ponce had more inhabitants and its many financial institutions were better capitalized than those of Puerto Rico's capital city, San Juan.
The Great Ponce Fire of 1883
In 1883, Ponce was ravaged by an enormous fire. The fire threatened to destroy much of the south coast, but thanks to the firemen of Ponce (who operated from Ponce's
Parque de Bombasfire station) Ponce and the south were saved. The "Parque de Bombas" fire station in the central plaza has since become a museum and tourist attraction. The station continued serving the Ponce community until 1990, when it was closed and the building's activities were entirely dedicated to a museum, which is still open to the general public.
The Ponce Massacre
In 1937, Ponce was the scene of an incident dubbed the "
Ponce Massacre" in which nineteen unarmed Nationalist protesters, peacefully celebrating the 64th Anniversary of the Abolition of Slavery, were fatally shot by policeunder orders from the United States', CoInterPro (Counter Intelligence Program) and non-democratically elected military assigned Governor of the time, Major General Blanton C. Winship.
The Mameyes Landslide
, sent economic, human, and machinery relief.
Ponce's mayor for fifteen years (since 1989), Rafael "Churumba" Cordero, died on the morning of
January 17, 2004, after suffering three successive brain strokes. He was succeeded by Francisco Zayas Seijo, the city's current mayor.
Flag and coat of arms
coat of armsof Ponce cotains a red and black coloured shield. There is a five tower gold crown that indicates that Ponce is a city by royal decree. As an exterior frame to shield, there is a sugar caneplant on the right of the shield, and to the left a coffee tree branch.
The shield of Ponce is divided by a diagonal line that crosses straight from the superior end to the left inferior end. In this divided field is the color red (for the fire that almost destroyed the city), that covers the superior right portion and the color black (for the ashes after that fire). On that black and red background is a yellow lion with black mane, walking towards the left of the shield, facing right of the shield. The lion is on a bridge, meaning that you must cross a river to enter the city by any region. The shield is bordered by a coffee plant branch and a sugar cane plant, in which the early economy of the city was based.
Ponce has winter highs averaging 87°F and summer highs, 93°F. It has a record high of 100°F, which occurred in
August 2003, and a record low of 51 °F in 2004.
The city of Ponce is itself sub-divided into several barrios (wards/districts) [http://welcome.topuertorico.org/maps/ponce.pdf] :
*Playa de Ponce
Ponce's tourist appeal has not gone unnoticed, since its peculiar architectural styles are unique to Puerto Rico. Many of the city's features (from house façades to street corners) are modeled on
Barcelona's, given the city's strong Catalonian heritage.
Since the 1970s, and starting with the Ponce
Holiday Inn, several hotels have been built to satisfy the tourism industry. Newer Hotels include Hilton Ponce Golf & Casino Resort, home to the new Costa Caribe Golf & Country Club, featuring a 27-hole PGA championship golf course.
Some sites worth visiting are the
Serralles Castleand the Cruceta El Vigia, a 100-foot observation tower which overlooks the city, as well as the street corners and 19th century domestic architecture in the blocks surrounding the central plaza. One popular legend is that scouts first used El Vigia to scan for attacking ships.
Ponce is the home of the
Ponce Museum of Art, which was operated by Puerto Rico's former Governor Luis A. Ferréuntil his death at the age of 99. Designed by Edward Durrell Stone (Museum of Modern Art, NY), it is the only museum of international stature on the island, housing the most extensive art collection in the Caribbean. Its best-known painting is " Flaming June", by Frederic Leighton.
Ponce is also home to the Serralles rum distillery (home of the Don Q and Captain Morgan, and Parrot Bay rums).
Plaza Las Deliciasis the town's main square. It features several fountains (namely the "Lions Fountain"), the Ponce Cathedraland Parque de Bombas.
Other buildings around Ponce's main plaza include Casa Alcaldía (city hall), the oldest colonial building in the city, dating to the 1840s. Nearby sits Casa Armstrong-Poventud, an example of the neoclassical architectural heritage of the island.
. The center is the site of the oldest cemetery uncovered up to date in the Antilles. With some 200 skeletons unearthed from the year 300 it is considered the largest and the most important archaeological find in the West Indies.
Hacienda Buena Vistawas built in 1833 originally devoted to growing fruits, converted into a coffee plantationand corn millin 1845 and was in operation until 1937, and restored by "Fideicomiso de Conservación de Puerto Rico". All the machinery works (the metal parts are original), operated by water channeled from the 360 m Vives waterfall; there is a hydraulic turbinewhich makes the corn mill work.
"La Guancha Paseo Tablado", the boardwalk, is a place where local Ponceños can usually be spotted. "La Guancha" also has kiosks which sell food and alcoholic beverages. A 45-minute boat ride is available to
Caja de Muertos(Coffin Island), a small beach island that features an old lighthouse built in 1887.
Most of Ponce's professional teams are called the "Ponce Lions" (or "Lionesses") regardless of the sport.
The Ponce Lions basketball team is one of the leading teams of the island winning a total of twelve championships during their tenure. The team's venue is the
Juan Pachín Vicéns Auditorium.
The teams of baseball and volleyball (male and female) have also been fairly successful. The baseball team venue is the
Francisco Montaner Stadium. The stadium is located right next to the Juan Pachín Vicéns Auditorium.
In 2007 Ponce became host to
Club Atletico River Plate Puerto Ricofutbol team, which currently plays in the Puerto Rico Soccer League. They play at Francisco Montaner Stadiumand are expected to play in the United Soccer Leagues, Division 1 in 2008. Becoming the second professional soccer team in Puerto Rico after the Puerto Rico Islanders.
Ponce was the site of the
Central American and Caribbean Gamesin 1993.