- Cardiff Roman Fort
Cardiff Roman Fort was a coastal fort in the
Roman provinceof Britannia Superior, of which Roman Waleswas a part. Its original Latinname is uncertain. Its remains are incorporated into Cardiff Castlein the modern capital cityof Wales.
The fort's name is unknown. It could have been Tamium as appears in the
Ravenna Cosmography, although this may have been a river name and thus refers to the River Taff. Alternatively it may be Bovium (corrected from Bomio) of the Antonine Itinerary.
Prior to the building of the extant fort, there were at least two previous Roman forts on the site. The first was probably a vexillation camp built during attempted conquest of the
Silurestribe around AD 55. About twenty years later, after a period of abandonment, a new smaller Roman auxiliaryfort was constructed and was possibly occupied, along with a civilian vicus, until the reign of the Emperor Hadrian. From the late 2nd to the mid-3rd century, civilian timber buildings associated with iron working occupied the site.
Carausian shore fort
Around 290, a 9 acre (3.57 hectare) shore fort was built on the site, not unlike the almost complete example at Portchester in
Hampshire. Its walls were ten feet thick and it was positioned to control access to the upper reaches of the River Severn. There may have been associated watch towers on the now eroded cliffs to the west. This is believed to have been the Emperor Carausius' response to increased Irish raids. Its military/naval force eventually moved elsewhere about 370.
The ruinous fort appears as the residence of 'King Ynwyl' in the story of
Geraint and Enid, a medieval romance associated with the Mabinogion. Geraintwas possibly a 5th century King of Dumnonia.
*cite book | last=Arnold | first=Christopher J | coauthors=Davies, Jeffrey L | title=Roman & Early Medieval Wales | date=2000 | publisher=Sutton Publishing | location=Stroud
*cite web | last = Ford | first = David Nash | title = The 28 Cities of Britain as listed by Nennius | work = Early British Kingdoms | date = 1996 | url = http://www.earlybritishkingdoms.com/articles/nenniuscities.html | accessdate = 2007-02-16
*cite book | last = Rivet | first = A L F | coauthors = Smith, Colin | title = The Place-Names of Roman Britain | publisher = B T Batsford | date = 1979 | location = London
* [http://www.roman-britain.org/places/cardiff.htm Cardiff Roman Fort on the Roman Britain website]
* [http://www.gtj.org.uk/item.php?lang=en&id=201&t=1 Aerial photo of the site taken in 1988]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Roman sites in the United Kingdom — There are many Roman sites in the United Kingdom that are open to the public. It should be noted that there are many sites that do not require special access, including Roman roads, and sites that have not been uncovered.England*Ambleside Roman… … Wikipedia
Cardiff Castle — ( cy. Castell Caerdydd) is a medieval castle and Victorian revival mansion, transformed from a Norman keep erected over a Roman fort in Cardiff, the capital of Wales. the castle is a huge attraction in Cardiff todayHistoryThe Roman fortThere may… … Wikipedia
Cardiff — For other uses, see Cardiff (disambiguation). City and County of Cardiff Dinas a Sir Caerdydd Clockwise from top: Cardiff Bay, the Senedd, Cardiff University and the Millennium Stadium … Wikipedia
Cardiff — /kahr dif/, n. a seaport in South Glamorgan, in SE Wales. 284,000. * * * City and county (pop., 2001: 305,340), capital of Wales. It is located on the Bristol Channel in southeastern Wales. The Romans built a fort there с AD 75. The town itself… … Universalium
Ely, Cardiff — Ely (Welsh Trelai tref town + Elai River Ely) is a suburb primarily dominated by council housing in western Cardiff, Wales. Ely is believed to be the largest council estate area in Europe Fact|date=April 2008.HistoryIn Roman times, Ely was the… … Wikipedia
History of Cardiff — The history of Cardiff, the capital of Wales, began with a Roman fort on the site, built in 54 AD.cite web |url= http://www.angelfire.com/ga/BobSanders/CDFF1.html |publisher=Bob Sanders |title=A Cardiff Vale of Glamorgan Chronology up to 1699… … Wikipedia
Timeline of Cardiff history — The Timeline of Cardiff history shows the significant events in the history of Cardiff which transformed it from a small Roman fort into the modern capital city of Wales. Many believe that Cardiff actually takes its name, Caer Didi meaning ‘Fort… … Wikipedia
Mining in Roman Britain — Mining was one of the most prosperous activities in Roman Britain. Britain was rich in resources such as copper, gold, iron, lead, salt, silver, and tin, materials in high demand in the Roman Empire. The abundance of mineral resources in the… … Wikipedia
List of Roman Catholic dioceses (structured view) — The Roman Catholic church in its entirety contains over 3,000 dioceses, 800 archdioceses as well as military ordinaries, Apostolic vicariates, and prefectures around the world. This is a structural list to show the relationships of each diocese… … Wikipedia
Sub-Roman Britain — Quick Reference: History of the British Isles History of the British Isles This box … Wikipedia