Berenice


Berenice

Berenice or Berenike (Greek: polytonic|Βερενίκη, "Berenikē") is the Ancient Macedonian form for Attic Greek "Φερενίκη" ("Pherenikē"), meaning "bearer of victory", from "φέρω" ("pherō") "to bear" + "νίκη" ("nikē") "victory" [ [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0057%3Aentry%3D%2319823 Berenike, Liddell and Scottt, "A Greek-English Lexicon", at Perseus] ] . Berenika priestess of Demetra in Lete ca. 350 BC is the oldest epigraphical evidence [Lete [http://epigraphy.packhum.org/inscriptions/oi?ikey=153433&bookid=172&region=4&subregion=11 Epigraphical Database] ] [Macedonian Institutions Under the Kings [http://books.google.com/books?id=qTRBAAAAMAAJ&q=archineusasai&dq=archineusasai&pgis=1] by Miltiadēs V. Chatzopoulos] . The Latin form of the same name is Veronica.

Many historical figures bear the name "Berenice":

* Several Ptolemaic and Seleucid queens in Cyrenaica and Egypt:
** Berenice I of Egypt, mother of Magas of Cyrene and wife of Ptolemy I of Egypt
** Berenice (Seleucid queen), daughter of Ptolemy II of Egypt and wife of Seleucid monarch Antiochus II Theos
** Berenice II of Egypt, daughter of Magas of Cyrene, wife of Ptolemy III of Egypt and traditional namesake of the constellation Coma Berenices.
** Berenice III of Egypt, daughter of Ptolemy IX of Egypt. She first married Ptolemy X of Egypt, later Ptolemy XI of Egypt
** Berenice IV of Egypt, daughter of Ptolemy XII of Egypt and elder sister of Cleopatra VII

* Judean princesses:
** Berenice, daughter of Salome, a sister of Herod the Great
** Berenice, daughter of Herod Agrippa I
** Berenice, daughter of Mariamne, a daughter of Herod Agrippa I

* Saints:
** Berenice, also known as Saint Veronica, saint from Jerusalem

References

* [http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/0491.html Berenice] Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology


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