Islam in Ireland


Islam in Ireland

The documented history of Islam in Ireland dates to the 1950s. The number of muslims in Ireland increased considerably since the 1990s.

History

The first Islamic Society in Ireland was established in 1959. It was formed by Muslim students studying in Ireland and was called the Dublin Islamic Society (later called the Islamic Foundation of Ireland)cite web|url=http://www.redbrick.dcu.ie/~isoc/mosques.html|title=The Islamic Foundation of Ireland|publisher=DCU Islamic Society|accessdate=2008-08-13] . At that time there was no mosque in Dublin. The students used their homes and later rented halls for Jum'ah (Friday) and Eid prayers. In 1969 the students began to contact their relatives and some Islamic organizations and Muslim countries for the purpose of collecting donations to establish a MosqueFact|date=April 2008. In 1976 the first mosque and Islamic Centre in Ireland was opened in a four story building at 7 Harrington Street, Dublin 8Fact|date=April 2008. Among those who contributed to the project of the Mosque and Islamic Centre was the late King Faisal of Saudi Arabia. In 1981 the Ministry of Endowment and Islamic Affairs of Kuwait sponsored a full time Imam for the Mosque.Fact|date=April 2008

A few years after the establishment of the first Islamic Centre and Mosque in Dublin, the Mosque became too small for the increasing numbers of worshippers. [ [http://www.islaminireland.com/projects/projects.html Islamic Foundation of Ireland] , Projects] The Muslims in charge of the society started a second campaign to collect donations in order to establish a bigger mosque. In 1983 the present building of the Dublin Mosque and Islamic Centre was bought, renovated and the headquarters of the Society moved from Harrington Street to 163 South Circular Road, Dublin 8.Fact|date=April 2008

The same situation has been happening in Cork, with many prayer halls being located in housing estates. At present, Cork's Muslim community are operating out of an industrial estate, while waiting for funding to build a new mosque. [ [http://www.corkmosque.org/aboutus.html About the Cork Mosque] ]

In 1992 Moosajee Bhamjee became the first (and to date only) Muslim Teachta Dála (Member of Irish Parliament)cite news|url=http://www.independent.ie/national-news/the-muslimirish-prove-to-be-a-surprisingly-moderate-bunch-65169.html|title=The Muslim-Irish prove to be a surprisingly moderate bunch|date=2006-12-19|publisher=Irish Independent|accessdate=2008-08-13] .

Demography and ethnic background

According to the 2006 Irish census, there are 32,539 Muslims (19,372 males and 13,167 females) living in the Republic of Ireland. [ [http://www.cso.ie/census/documents/PDR%202006%20Tables%2031-40.pdf Central Statistics Office of Ireland] ] representing a 69.% increase over the figures for the 2002 census (19.147). In 1991, the number of Muslims was below 4000 (3.873). [ [http://www.nccri.ie/pdf/spectrum9.pdf ICCRI inside spectrum] issue 9: July 2005]

According to the 2001 census in Northern Ireland, there are 1,943 Muslims (1,164 males 779 females) living north of the border. [ [http://www.nisra.gov.uk/archive/census/2001/standard%20tables/NIlevel/s308.xls Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency] ]

The Muslim community in Ireland is considerably diverse and its numbers are not determined by the country's history to the same extent as the UK and France, where the majority of Muslims are immigrants or descendants of immigrants from former colonies, or Germany and Austria, where the majority of Muslims are Turkish migrant workers and their descendants.There is no dominant ethnicity within the Muslim community in Ireland. The country's Muslims come from South Asia, East Asia, Oceania, and Indonesia. There are also Muslims from Arab countries, a growing number from Sub-Saharan Africa.The large Muslim immigration in the end of the 90ies was caused by the Irish economic boom and asylum seekers from diverse Muslim countries. [ [http://www.islamonline.net/servlet/Satellite?c=Article_C&cid=1201957604522&pagename=Zone-English-Euro_Muslims%2FEMELayout Irish Muslims at a Crossroads] By Idris Tawfiq, IslamOnline Feb. 5, 2008]

Muslims now make up the third largest faith group in Ireland. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/northern_ireland/7119049.stm Islam Ireland's 3rd largest faith] , BBC 29 November 2007]

Mosques and religious centres

The growing number of mosques are testament to the fact that the Muslim community, albeit relatively small, is now established in Ireland.

The main mosques and Islamic cultural centres in Ireland are:
* the Islamic Cultural Centre of Ireland [http://www.riai.ie/gallery.html?type=regional&year=1997&item=3] (Sunni Muslim), in Clonskeagh, Dublin. Imam: Sheikh Hussein Halawa;
*the Dublin Mosque (run by the Islamic Foundation of Ireland [http://www.islaminireland.com] ) on the South Circular Road. Imam: Sheikh Yayha Al Hussein; Director: Dr Nooh al-Kaddo
*Supreme Muslim Council of Ireland: Sheikh Shaheed Satardien
*Muslim Council of Ireland
* Al-Hidayah Islamic Cultural Centre, Dublin 15 Imam: Sheikh Dr. Zille-Umar Qadri
*Muslim Association of Ireland [http://www.mai-ireland.ie] Executive Director: Dr. Khaled Suliman
*Belfast Islamic Centre [http://www.belfastislamiccentre.org.uk] , established in 1977.
*Ahlul Bayt Islamic Centre [http://homepage.tinet.ie/~ahlulbyteassociation] (Shi'a Muslim), in Milltown, Dublin; and

In 2003, the Islamic Cultural Centre and Foras na Gaeilge joined forces to translate the Qur'an into Irish for the first timecite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/2840591.stm|title=Koran to be translated into Irish|date=2003-3-11|publisher=BBC News|accessdate=2008-08-13] .

In September 2006 an umbrella organization, the Irish Council of Imams, was established. It represents all 14 imams in Ireland, of both the Sunni and Shia traditions. It is chaired by Imam Hussein Halawa (Islamic Cultural Centre of Ireland), its deputy chairman is Imam Yahya Al-Hussein (Islamic Foundation of Ireland), and its general secretary is Ali Selim.

In September 2007 Al-Hidayah Islamic Cultural Centre was opened in Dublin 15 under leadership of Sheikh Dr. Zille-Umar Qadri.

See also

* Islam in Northern Ireland

References

External links

* [http://www.islaminireland.com/ Islamic Foundation Of Ireland]
* [http://www.iccislam.org Islamic Cultural Centre of Ireland]
* [http://homepage.tinet.ie/~ahlulbyteassociation Ahlul Bayt Islamic Centre of Ireland]
* [http://www.redbrick.dcu.ie/~isoc/islaminireland.html Dublin City University Islamic Society]
* [http://www.iol.ie/~afifi/BIC/guide.htm The Muslim Survival Guide for Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland]
* [http://www.ireland.com/focus/gageby/underthecrescent/identity.htm Ireland's Muslims forging an identity] , The Irish Times
* [http://www.corkmosque.org Cork Mosque]
* [http://www.corkmuslimwomensgroup.com Cork Muslim Women's Group]


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