- Anglican Church of Burundi
Anglican Church of Burundi Primate Archbishop Bernard Ntahoturi Headquarters Bujumbura Territory Burundi Members 625,000 Website http://www.anglicanburundi.org Anglicanism Portal
The Anglican Church of Burundi is a member Church in the Anglican Communion, located in East Africa between Tanzania, Rwanda, Kenya, and the Congo. The archbishop of Burundi and bishop of Matana is Bernard Ntahoturi.
The name of the Province of the Episcopal Church of Burundi changed to the Province of the Anglican Church of Burundi (Province de l’Eglise Anglicane du Burundi) as the result of a decision taken at the Provincial Synod held in Bujumbura, March 2005.
The Episcopal Church of Burundi was established around 1935 and grew rapidly. The former Ruanda Mission set up its first mission stations at Buhiga and Matana in 1935, and Buye in 1936. There was much growth through medical work and education. The first national bishop was consecrated in 1965 and the Diocese of Buye was created covering the whole country.
In 1975, Buye was divided into two and the Diocese of Bujumbura was created. The Diocese of Gitega came into existence in 1985, followed by Matana in 1990, Makamba in 1997 and Muyinga in 2005. The Church of Burundi was established as a province of the Anglican Communion in 1992, and assumed its current name in 2005.
There are at least 625,000 Anglicans out of an estimated population of just over 6 million in Burundi.
The polity of the Anglican Church of Burundi is Episcopalian church governance, which is the same as other Anglican churches. The church maintains a system of geographical parishes organized into dioceses. The spiritual head of the province is its Archbishop, who is also the Ordinary of one of the six dioceses, each headed by a bishop:
- The Diocese of Bujumbura
- The Diocese of Buye
- The Diocese of Gitega
- The Diocese of Makamba
- The Diocese of Matana
- The Diocese of Muyinga
Worship and liturgy
The Anglican Church of Burundi embraces three orders of ministry: deacon, priest, and bishop. A local variant of the Book of Common Prayer is used.
Doctrine and practice
The center of the Anglican Church of Burundi's teaching is the life and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The basic teachings of the church, or catechism, includes:
- Jesus Christ is fully human and fully God. He died and was resurrected from the dead.
- Jesus provides the way of eternal life for those who believe.
- The Old and New Testaments of the Bible were written by people "under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit". The Apocrypha are additional books that are used in Christian worship, but not for the formation of doctrine.
- The two great and necessary sacraments are Holy Baptism and Holy Eucharist
- Other sacramental rites are confirmation, ordination, marriage, reconciliation of a penitent, and unction.
- Belief in heaven, hell, and Jesus's return in glory.
The threefold sources of authority in Anglicanism are scripture, tradition, and reason. These three sources uphold and critique each other in a dynamic way. This balance of scripture, tradition and reason is traced to the work of Richard Hooker, a sixteenth century apologist. In Hooker's model, scripture is the primary means of arriving at doctrine and things stated plainly in scripture are accepted as true. Issues that are ambiguous are determined by tradition, which is checked by reason.
The Church's major concerns include peace and reconciliation, repatriation of refugees and displaced people, community development, literacy and education, and fighting AIDS. It is committed to mission and evangelism and is concerned to support theological education and training for ministry.
- Anglicanism, Neill, Stephen. Harmondsworth, 1965.
Churches in the Anglican Communion
Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia · Australia · Bangladesh · Brazil · Burundi · Canada · Central Africa · Central America · Ceylon · Congo · England · Hong Kong and Macau · India, North · India, South · Indian Ocean · Ireland · Japan · Jerusalem and the Middle East · Kenya · Korea · Melanesia · Mexico · Myanmar · Nigeria · Pakistan · Papua New Guinea · Philippines · Rwanda · Scotland · South East Asia · Southern Africa · Southern Cone · Sudan · Tanzania · Uganda · USA · Wales · West Africa · West Indies — extra-provincial churches
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