- Wu (state)
Infobox Former Country
native_name = aut||conventional_long_name = State of Wu
common_name = Wu
continent = moved from Category:Asia to East Asia
region = East Asia
country = China
status = Kingdom
government_type = Monarchy
year_start = BCE
year_end = 473 BCE
p1 = Zhou Dynasty
p2 = Warring States Period
s1 = Yue (state)
s2 = Han Dynasty
event_start = Foundation by Taibo
event_end = Defeated by Yue
image_map_caption = in BCE
Old Chinese, Native language on the non sinicized aboriginals
Chinese folk religion, ancestor worship
year_leader1 = BCE– BCE
year_leader2 = BCE– BCE
title_leader = King
year_deputy1 = 221 BCE–203 BCE
title_deputy = Chancellor
stat_year1 = BCE
Wu (吳) was a state during the
Spring and Autumn Periodin China. The state of Wu straddled the mouth of the Yangtze River(Chang Jiang) east of the State of Chu. Considered a semi-barbarian state by ancient Chinese historians, its capital was Suzhou.
Sima Qian, the rulers of Wu claimed to be descended from Taibo, the elder uncle of King Wen of Zhou. Realising that his younger brother, Jili, was wiser than him, and deserved to inherit the throne, Taibo would have fled to Wu and settled there. Three generations later, King Wu of Zhou defeated the last Yin emperor, and enfeoffed the descendents of Taibo in Wu.
State of Jinaided Wu's rise to power as a useful ally against the State of Chu. In 584 BC, Wu rebelled against the State of Chu; the action occurred after being persuaded by Wuchen, a minister of the State of Jinwho defected from Chu.
Afterwards, Wu would be a constant threat to the state of Chu on its southeastern flank until its demise. Wu curried relationships with Chu's vassals in the Yangtze river region to weaken support for Chu. In 506 BC, Wu launched a surprise attack and occupied the capital of Chu. Afterwards, Wu was briefly the most powerful nation, and turned to other campaigns, defeating the
State of Qiin 484 BC.
Ironically, Wu was later threatened by an upstart state to its south, the State of Yue; the State of Chu aided Yue's rise to power as a counter to Wu. Although Wu won a major victory against Yue in 494 BC, it failed to completely subjugate Yue, helped in part by Yue's bribing of an important Wu minister. While Wu was engaged in a military campaign in the north, Yue launched a surprise attack on Wu in 482 BC and conquered the capital. Eventually, the State of Yue conquered Wu in 473 BC.
The leaders of Yue and Wu were kings, not dukes because they were considered "barbarian" states and did not petition the nominal Zhou court for peerage.
Wu and Yue were masters of metallurgy, fabricating excellent swords, with incised messages, geometric patterns and inlaid gold or silver. Examples include the spearhead of King
Fuchai, the sword of Prince Guang (the name of King Helu before he became King) or King Helu of Wu.
Possible connection with ancient Japan
The first Wu Kingdom was united by Taibo during the
Spring and Autumn Period. Originally considered a barbarian state, the people of the Wu Kingdom became Sinicizedduring the Warring States Period. Ambassadoral visits to Japanby the later Northern Chinese dynasties Wei and Jin Dynasty (265-420)recorded that the Wō people of Japan claimed to be descendants of the Grand Count (Tàibó) of the Kingdom of Wu. ["Encounters of the Eastern Barbarians", Wei Chronicles] Historical records also show that the ancient Japanese had similar lifestyles and customs as pre-Sinicized inhabitants of the Wu Kingdom, including tattooing, ritual teeth-pulling, and baby-carrying on backs. The Japanese tradition of eating raw fish is common in the Wu area of Jiangsu and Zhejiang. Tattooing examples are found on Haniwastatues with red paint on hands and faces. However, the Japanese languagecan be directly linked neither to the Wu dialectnor to any other Chinese language (NB: The Japanese languageappears to be similar to the language of the Qiang, an ancient people in China according to http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E7%BE%8C%E6%97%8F). However Japanese is commonly classified as either a language isolate, or a member of the controversial Altaicfamily, whilst Qiang is part of the Sino-Tibetan, language family. Taibo was from the State of Zhou before Zhou became powerful enough. Historically, Zhou people and Qiangpeople were very closely related.) The Zhou and the Qiang are both Sino-tibetan peoples too, because the Zhou were the ancestors of the Chinese along with Shang, and the Zhou language was an ancient form of Chinese, hence it must have belonged to the Sino-Tibetan language family. But it should be noted that language has sometimes nothing to do with relations or ethnicity due to the fact that some peoples may adopt the language of another, or may combine into another language.
King Liao of Wu
King Helu of Wu
King Fuchai of Wu
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
State Council of the People's Republic of China — 中华人民共和国国务院 Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guówùyuàn … Wikipedia
State Defense Forces — (SDF) (also known as State Guards, State Military Reserves, or State Militias) in the United States are military units that operate under the sole authority of a state government, although they are regulated by the National Guard Bureau through… … Wikipedia
State College Area School District — We are the future! Type and location Type Public Country United States … Wikipedia
State and Church — • The Church and the State are both perfect societies, that is to say, each essentially aiming at a common good commensurate with the need of mankind at large and ultimate in a generic kind of life, and each juridically competent to provide all… … Catholic encyclopedia
State of New York — State of New York † Catholic Encyclopedia ► State of New York One of the thirteen colonies of Great Britain, which on 4 July, 1776, adopted the Declaration of Independence and became the United States of America. BOUNDARIES AND… … Catholic encyclopedia
State terrorism — refers to acts of terrorism conducted by governments. ControversyLike the definition of terrorism and the definition of state sponsored terrorism, the definition of state terrorism remains controversial and without international consensus. [… … Wikipedia
State capitalism — State capitalism, in its classic meaning, is a private capitalist economy under state control. This term was often used to describe the controlled economies of the great powers in the First World War. [cite encyclopedia encyclopedia = Blackwell… … Wikipedia
State police — are a type of sub national territorial police force, particularly in Australia and the United States. Some other countries have analogous police forces, such as the provincial police in some Canadian provinces, while in other places, the same… … Wikipedia
State recognized tribes — are Native American Indian Tribes and Heritage Groups that are recognized by individual states for their various internal government purposes.DescriptionAbout 20 states have found that they have purpose to recognize Native American tribes outside … Wikipedia
State-building — is a term used in state theory. It describes the construction of a functioning state. This concept was first used in connection to the creation of states in Western Europe and focused on the power enforcement of state in society (Tilly 1975).… … Wikipedia
State Library of North Carolina — Facts Name: State Library of North Carolina Established: 1812 State Librarian: Mary Boone City: Raleigh State: North Carolina … Wikipedia