- Curling's ulcer
Curling's ulcer Classification and external resources DiseasesDB 3237 MeSH D004381
Curling's ulcer is an acute peptic ulcer of the duodenum resulting as a complication from severe burns when reduced plasma volume leads to sloughing of the gastric mucosa. The condition was first described in 1823 and named for a doctor, Thomas Blizard Curling, who observed ten such patients in 1842.
These stress ulcers were once a common complication of serious burns, presenting in over 10% of cases, and especially common in child burn victims. They result in perforation and hemorrhage more often than other forms of intestinal ulceration and had correspondingly high mortality rates.
A similar condition involving elevated intracranial pressure is known as Cushing's ulcer.
While emergency surgery was once the only treatment, combination therapies including enteral feeding with powerful antacids such as H2-receptor antagonists or, more recently, proton pump inhibitors such as omeprazole have made Curling's ulcer a rare complication.
- ^ a b c Pruitt, Basil A., Jr., F.D. Foley and John A. Moncrief (October 1970). "Curling's Ulcer:A Clinical-Pathology Study of 323 Cases". Annals of Surgery 172 (4): 523–39. PMC 1397279. PMID 5311720. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1397279.
- ^ Bruck, H.M. and Basil A. Pruitt, Jr. (June 1972). "Curling's ulcer in children: a 12-year review of 63 cases". Journal of Trauma 12 (6): 490–6. PMID 5033495.
- ^ Lev, Robert et al. (December 1973). "Stress erosions". Digestive Diseases and Sciences 18.
- ^ Moran, K.T., T. O'Reilly and A.M. Munster (October 1987). "A combined regimen for the prophylaxis of Curling's ulcer". American Surgeons 53.
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