Polity


Polity

Polity (Greek: Πολιτεία or Πολίτευμα transliterated as "Politeía" or "Políteuma") was originally a term used in Ancient Greece to refer to the many Greek city states that had an assembly of citizens as part of the political process. Suffrage did not include women, slaves, serfs, or resident aliens. Thus, voting citizens usually included only a minority of the adult males.

Today it is usually a general term that refers to the political organization of a group. It is often used to describe a loosely organized society such as a tribe or community, but can mean any political group including a government or empire, corporation or academy. It is also used in the phrase "ecclesiastical polity" as a synonym of church government.

ee also

*Entity
*Body politic
*Ecclesiastical polity


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  • Polity — Pol i*ty, n.; pl. {Polities}. [L. politia, Gr. ?: cf. F. politie. See 1st {Policy}, {Police}.] 1. The form or constitution of the civil government of a nation or state; the framework or organization by which the various departments of government… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • polity — I noun body politic, civil constitution, commonwealth, constitution, country, course, form of government, fundamental principles of government, line, nation, nationality, plan of action, platform, policy, principles, procedure, program,… …   Law dictionary

  • polity — (n.) 1530s, from Fr. politie (early 15c.), from L.L. polita organized government (see POLICY (Cf. policy)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • polity — means (1) ‘a form or process of civil government or constitution’, and (2) ‘a society or country as a political entity’. It should not be confused with policy, in its meaning ‘a course or principle of action’ …   Modern English usage

  • polity — ► NOUN (pl. polities) 1) a form or process of civil government or constitution. 2) a state as a political entity. ORIGIN Greek politeia citizenship, government …   English terms dictionary

  • polity — [päl′ə tē] n. pl. polities [MFr politie < L politia: see POLICY1] 1. political or governmental organization 2. a society or institution with an organized government; state; body politic 3. a specific form of church government …   English World dictionary

  • polity —    A church s polity is its form of government. Like the words politics, police, and policy, the word is ultimately derived from the ancient Greek polis, which evokes both the order and the community of the ancient city state. As Protestantism… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Polity IV — Der Begriff Demokratiemessung bezeichnet in der Politikwissenschaft und der Demografie den Versuch, die Länder der Erde in verschiedene Grade, also nach Demokratie gestaffelte Kategorien einzuteilen. Dabei korrelieren unterschiedliche… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Polity — Der Begriff Polity bezeichnet die strukturelle, formelle und institutionelle Dimension von Politik. Die deutschen Bezeichnungen dafür sind Staatsorganisation bzw. institutionelle Ordnung politischer Systeme. Siehe auch Gesellschaftsordnung. Der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • polity — /pol i tee/, n., pl. polities. 1. a particular form or system of government: civil polity; ecclesiastical polity. 2. the condition of being constituted as a state or other organized community or body: The polity of ancient Athens became a… …   Universalium


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