- Ma Liang (Three Kingdoms)
Ma Liang (style name Jichang 季常; sometimes called Bomei 白眉 "White eyebrows") (186 - 222) was an advisor to the powerful warlord
Liu Beiduring the Three Kingdomsera of China.
He was the fourth born of five sons in
Yicheng, near Xiangyangon the Middle Yangtze River. Ma Liang was well-known in his hometown for his ability. He joined Liu Bei as an aide when he came to the small town of Xinyein the early 3rd century. During this time Ma Liang became good friends with Zhuge Liangand the two swore an oath of brothership. When Liu Bei left Jing Provinceto conquer Shu in 215, Ma Liang was left in the province as an advisor to the military general, Guan Yu. After the conquest was complete, Ma Liang was assigned to the department of the General of the Left (左將軍掾).
Like Zhuge Liang, Ma Liang was an advocate for maintenance of the alliance with Wu bordering Liu Bei's territories to the east. He was sent to Wu as diplomat and envoy on numerous occasions and is said to have gained the respect of
Sun Quan, ruler of Eastern Wu. After Liu Bei declared himself emperor in 222, Ma Liang was made Palace Attendant. He accompanied the Shu expedition against Wu the following year. Ma Liang was sent as envoy to Wuling to seek allies among the barbarians of the Five Streams(五溪蠻夷) against Wu. The mission was successful, but when Liu Bei was disastrously defeated at the Battle of Yiling, Ma Liang was killed in the midst of battle as well.
His son was made Chief Commandant of Cavalry (騎都尉). His younger brother
Ma Sucontinued his career in the Shu army.
Personages of the Three Kingdoms
Records of Three Kingdoms"
Romance of the Three Kingdoms"
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