Kaqchikel


Kaqchikel

Infobox Ethnic group
group = Kaqchikel (Cakchiquel)
population = 832,968 [According to the official 2002 census: cite web |url=http://www.ine.gob.gt/Nesstar/Censo2002/survey0/dataSet/dataFiles/dataFile1/var26.html |title= XI Censo Nacional de Población y VI de Habitación (Censo 2002) - Pertenencia de grupo étnico |accessdate=2008-05-27 |publisher=Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas |date=2002 The Summer Institute of Linguistics (SIL) mentions a different number [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=gt] ]
region1 = flag|Guatemala
pop1 =
ref1 = lower| [ [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_country.asp?name=gt Ethnologue report for Guatemala ] ]
region2 = Chimaltenango
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region3 = Sololá
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region4 = Sacatepéquez
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languages = Kaqchikel, Spanish
religions = Catholic, Evangelicalist, Maya religion
related = K'iche', Tzutujil
footnotes =
The Kaqchikel (in modern orthography; formerly also spelled Cakchiquel) are one of the indigenous Maya peoples of the midwestern highlands in Guatemala. Their capital was Iximché, and like the K'iche', they were governed by 4 lords: Tzotzil, Xahil, Tucuché and Acajal, who were responsible for the administrative, military and religious affairs. Iximché, was conquered by the Spaniards in 1524. The Kakchikel recorded their history in the book Annals of the Cakchiquels, also known as Memorial de Sololá. The language is spoken today by 400,000 people. They subsist agriculturally, and their culture reflects a fusion of Maya and Spanish influences. Kaqchikel is also the name of their indigenous language.

Historically, the Kaqchikel were one of several Postclassic highland Maya states conquered by Pedro de Alvarado. At that time, they were the enemies of the neighbouring K'iche' (Quiché) states, and helped the Spaniards to conquer them, The first colonial capital of Guatemala, Tecpán Guatemala, was founded near Iximché on July 25, 1524. On November 22, 1527, after several Kaqchikel uprisings, the capital was moved to Ciudad Vieja, near Antigua Guatemala.

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