Bird Cherry


Bird Cherry

Taxobox
name = Bird Cherry



image_width = 240px
image_caption = Bird Cherry flowers
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Rosales
familia = Rosaceae
subfamilia = Prunoideae
genus = "Prunus"
subgenus = "Padus"
species = "P. padus"
binomial = "Prunus padus"
binomial_authority = L.

The Bird Cherry ("Prunus padus"; syn. Cerasus padus (L., "Prunus racemosa" Lam.) Delarbre) is a species of cherry, native to northern Europe and northern Asia, growing even north of the Arctic Circle in Norway. It is the type species of the subgenus "Padus" with flowers in racemes, which are hermaphroditic and pollinated by bees and flies; it is a deciduous small tree or large shrub 8-16 m tall.

Characteristics

The English name refers to the berries, which are astringent and bitter, seldom used in Western Europe (but commonly eaten in Russia and elsewhere), readily eaten by birds, which do not taste astringency as unpleasant. It was used medicinally during the Middle Ages, and the bark, placed at the door, was supposed to ward off the plague.

Another name is the Hagberry, and the fruit can be known as Hags.

There are two varieties:
*European Bird Cherry "Prunus padus" var. "padus". Europe and western Asia.
*Asian Bird Cherry "Prunus padus" var. "commutata". Eastern Asia.

External links

* [http://www-saps.plantsci.cam.ac.uk/trees/cherry.htm Bird cherry information and pictures]
* [http://www.toof.org.uk/identify/birdcherry/birdcherry.html Tips to identify bird cherry]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • bird-cherry — birdˈ cherry noun 1. A small wild cherry tree (Prunus padus) 2. Its astringent fruit • • • Main Entry: ↑bird …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bird cherry — Bird cher ry (Bot.) A shrub ({Prunus Padus} ) found in Northern and Central Europe. It bears small black cherries. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bird cherry — noun any of several small fruited cherry trees frequented or fed on by birds • Syn: ↑bird cherry tree • Hypernyms: ↑wild cherry, ↑wild cherry tree • Hyponyms: ↑hagberry tree, ↑European bird cherry, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • bird cherry — paprastoji ieva statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Erškėtinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, maistinis, medingas, vaisinis, vaistinis augalas (Padus avium), paplitęs šiaurės Afrikoje, Europoje ir Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Padus avium; Padus racemosa;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • bird cherry — paprastoji trešnė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Erškėtinių šeimos vyšnios (Cerasus) genties dekoratyvinis, vaisinis, vaistinis augalas (Cerasus avium), paplitęs Azijoje ir Europoje. atitikmenys: lot. Cerasus avium; Cerasus avium var.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • bird cherry — 1. any of several species of cherry, esp. Prunus padus (European bird cherry), of Europe and Asia, and P. pensylvanica (pin cherry), of the U.S. 2. the fruit of any such tree, for which birds have a particular liking. [1590 1600] * * * …   Universalium

  • bird cherry — ieva statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Erškėtinių (Rosaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Padus). atitikmenys: lot. Padus angl. bird cherry; cherry tree vok. Ahlkirsche; Traubenkirsche rus. черeмуха lenk. czeremcha …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • bird-cherry — /ˈbɜd tʃɛri/ (say berd cheree) noun (plural bird cherries) 1. a small European cherry, Prunus padus. 2. its fruit …   Australian English dictionary

  • bird cherry — noun a) A cherry tree, Prunus padus native to the northern Eurasia. b) A berry (fruit) produced by this tree. Syn: hagberry …   Wiktionary

  • bird cherry — noun a small wild cherry tree, with bitter black fruit that is eaten by birds. [Prunus padus.] …   English new terms dictionary