- Alexander Smith (poet)
Alexander Smith (
31 December 1830- 5 January 1867, 8 Januaryaccording to Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable) was a Scottish poet, and labelled as one of the Spasmodic School.
Life and works
He was born in a thatched house in
Kilmarnock, in the Scottish Lowlands south-west of Glasgow, the first of several children. His father, John Smith, was a Lowlander who worked as a designer of lace, calico prints, paisley patterns, and muslins. His mother Christina Murray Smith was of Highland extraction and, together with a Highland servant girl, first introduced him to Gaelic songs and Scottish legends.
Being too poor to send him to college, his parents placed him in a
linenfactory in Glasgow to follow his father's trade of a pattern designer.
His early poems appeared in the "Glasgow Citizen", in whose editor,
James Hedderwick, he found a friend. "A Life Drama and other Poems" (1853) was a work of promise, ran through several editions, and gained Smith the appointment of secretary to Edinburgh Universityin 1854.
As a poet he was one of the leading representatives of what was called the "Spasmodic" School, now fallen into oblivion. Smith,
P. J. Baileyand Sydney Dobellwere satirized by W. E. Aytounin 1854 in "Firmilian: a Spasmodic Tragedy".
In the same year Sydney Dobell came to Edinburgh, and an acquaintanceship at once sprang up between the two, which resulted in their collaboration in a book of "War Sonnets" (1855), inspired by the
Crimean War. He also published "City Poems" (1857) and "Edwin of Deira" (1861), a Northumbrian epic poem.
Although his early work "A Life Drama" was highly praised, his poetry was later less well thought of and he was ridiculed as being a Spasmodic. Smith turned his attention to prose, and published "Dreamthorp: Essays written in the Country" (1863) and "A Summer in Skye" (1865). He wrote two novels, "Miss Dona M'Quarrie" (18??), and his last work "Alfred Hagart's Household" (1866) which ran first through "Good Words".
He died in Wardie, near Edinburgh. A memoir of Smith by P. P. Alexander was prefixed to a volume entitled "Last Leaves". See also Brisbane's "Early Years Of Alexander Smith" (1869) (but be aware that Brisbane's is not a scholarly work and contains errors of fact).
* [http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/18135 "Dreamthorp: Essays Written In The Country"] at Project Gutenberg
* [http://www.electricscotland.com/history/skye/index.htm "A Summer in Skye"] : full book available online.
* [http://essays.quotidiana.org/smith_a/ Essays by Alexander Smith at Quotidiana.org]
* Alexander Smith, Patrick Proctor Alexander, "Last leaves. Sketches and criticisms". Edinburgh, W.P. Nimmo, 1868
* Rev. Thomas Brisbane, "The Early Years of Alexander Smith, Poet and Essayist." Hodder & Stoughton, 1869
* "Alexander Smith",
Dictionary of Literary Biography(Detroit: Gale,. 1984)
* Special issue on the Spasmodics, ed. Jason Rudy, "Victorian Poetry" 42.4 (2004). West Virginia University Press
* Contemporary reviews of Smith's work can be found online by using
Google Book Search.
* This article incorporates
public domaintext from Brewer's Dictionary of Phrase and Fable1898 edition.
* Short biography (parts [http://www.bookrags.com/biography-alexander-smith-dlb/ 1] and [http://www.bookrags.com/biography-alexander-smith-dlb2/ 2] )
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