- Dangerous Dogs Act 1991
The Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 (c. 65) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that was introduced in response to various incidents of serious injury or death resulting from attacks by aggressive and uncontrolled dogs, particularly on children. These incidents received heavy tabloid attention, causing widespread public concern over the keeping of dangerous dogs and a resulting legislative response.
The effect of the Act
Under the 1991 Act (and as amended in 1997) it is illegal to own any Specially Controlled Dogs without specific exemption from a court. The dogs have to be muzzled and kept on a lead in public, they must be registered and insured, neutered, tattooed and receive microchip implants. The Act also bans the breeding, sale and exchange of these dogs, even if they are on the Index of Exempted Dogs.[dead link]
Four types in particular were identified by the Act:
The Act also covers cross breeds of the above four types of dog. Dangerous dogs are classified by 'type', not by breed label. This means that whether a dog is prohibited under the Act will depend on a judgement about its physical characteristics, and whether they match the description of a prohibited 'type'. This assessment of the physical characteristics is made by a court.
The Index of Exempted Dogs
The Index of Exempted Dogs is maintained by the Animal Welfare section of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, which administers the registration of specially-controlled dogs in England and Wales.
In 1991 and 1992 details of all Specially Controlled Dogs and their owners and keepers had to be added to the Index of Exempted Dogs. From early 1992 to 1997 no dogs were allowed to be added to the Index. In 1997 The Dangerous Dogs (Amendment) Act 1997 was passed which made some changes. From 1997 any Court was able to order that a specific dog be added to the Index by the issue of a Court Order.
Under the 1991 Act as amended it remains illegal to own any of these dogs without specific exemption from a court. The dogs have to be muzzled and kept on a leash in public, they must be registered and insured, neutered, tattooed and receive microchip implants.
There have been several test cases of the Act, most famously Dempsey (a pit bull terrier) who in 1995 was finally reprieved from a destruction order, to widespread media attention. The definition of the word "type" in the legislation was of particular controversy, as was the lack of discretion that the Act gives magistrates.
Criticism of the Act
The Act has been described as a piece of rushed legislation which was an overreaction to a transient public mood. The Act is sometimes cited as an unfavourable example of such legislation, and in January 2007 was included in public responses to a BBC Radio 4 poll of unpopular UK legislation.
Comparable legislation elsewhere
Many other countries also have laws pertaining to dangerous dogs. These vary in severity. In some jurisdictions in Australia dogs which have been declared dangerous are required to wear a collar of red and yellow stripes; under the legislation of some municipalities of Queensland, such dogs are seized and destroyed. In some local government areas restrictions are very carefully spelt out.
- ^ a b DEFRA leaflet
- ^ Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 Short title, interpretation, commencement and extent, on the Statute Law Database
- ^ The Dangerous Dogs (Northern Ireland) Order 1991, on the Statute Law Database
- ^ Official text of the The Dangerous Dogs (Amendment) Act 1997 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from the UK Statute Law Database Last acessed:2010-02-02
- ^ "Dog control laws and pit bulls". BBC News. 2007-09-11. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6222689.stm. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
- ^ "The Lords is the more democratic house". The Daily Telegraph (London). 2004-04-13. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/opinion/main.jhtml?xml=/opinion/2004/04/13/dl1301.xml&sSheet=/opinion/2004/04/13/ixoplead.html&secureRefresh=true&_requestid=15826. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
- ^ fabians.org.uk
- ^ Whatever happened to dangerous dogs?
- ^ "Hunting ban tops 'unpopular' poll". BBC News. 2007-01-01. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6222247.stm. Retrieved 2010-04-30.
- ^ Restricted Dog Breeds in Rockingham, Western Australia
- BBC Article on a dog attack - July 2005
- BBC Article on a dog attack - January 2007
- BBC Article "How do you fend off a dangerous dog?"
- BBC Article: Dangerous Dogs Act included in poll of unpopular laws
- Deed Not Breed UK Campaign fighting the addition of any new breed to the DDA.
- Stop Dog Attacks
- Rover's Law - Megan's Law for Bad Dogs
- Information, Education, Advice & Support for dog owners in the UK, against breed specific legislation.
- Independent Article On Dog Attack June 2010.
- Official text of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 as amended and in force today within the United Kingdom, from the UK Statute Law Database
- Official text of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 as originally enacted within the United Kingdom, from the UK Statute Law Database
United Kingdom legislation Pre-Parliamentary legislation Acts of Parliament by states preceding
the Kingdom of Great Britain
Acts of the Parliament of England to 1483 · 1485–1601 · 1603–1641 · Interregnum (1642–1660) · 1660–1699 · 1700–1706
Acts of the Parliament of Scotland
Acts of the Parliament of Ireland to 1700 · 1701–1800
Acts of Parliament of the
Kingdom of Great Britain
1707–1719 · 1720–1739 · 1740–1759 · 1760–1779 · 1780–1800
Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland and the United
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Church of England Measures Legislation of devolved institutions Secondary legislation
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Dogs (Protection of Livestock) Act 1953 — The Dogs (Protection of Livestock) Act of 1953 is a British Act devised to protect livestock from dogs. The Act outlines punishment of dog owners whose dogs worry livestock on agricultural land. Protected livestock is defined as cattle, sheep,… … Wikipedia
List of dogs — The American army dog Sergeant Stubby (ca 1916 1926) List of dogs is an annotated list of real dogs. See also the list of fictional dogs, List of dog breeds and List of dog types. Contents … Wikipedia
Section 63 of the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 — Violent pornography redirects here. For the System of a Down song, see Mezmerize (album). Sex and the law Social issues Age of consent · … Wikipedia
Pit Bull — This article is about the group of breeds commonly called Pit Bulls. For the specific breed from which the term is derived, see American Pit Bull Terrier or American Staffordshire Terrier. Pit Bull is a term commonly used to describe several… … Wikipedia
List of Acts of Parliament of the United Kingdom Parliament, 1980-1999 — This is an incomplete list of Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for the years 1980 1999. For acts passed prior to 1707 see List of Acts of Parliament of the English Parliament and List of Acts of Parliament of the Scottish… … Wikipedia
List of Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, 1980–1999 — UK Legislation Acts of Parliament by states preceding the United Kingdom Of the Kingdom of England Before 1485 1485–1601 · 1603–1641 Interregnum (1642–1660) 1660–1699 · 1700–1706 … Wikipedia
Breed-specific legislation — (BSL), is any law, ordinance or policy which pertains to a specific dog breed or breeds, but does not affect any others. The term is most commonly used to refer to legal restrictions or prohibitions on the breeding and ownership of certain breeds … Wikipedia
Dogo Argentino — Other names Argentine Dogo Argentinian Mastiff Nicknames Dogo Country of origin Argentina Traits … Wikipedia
American Pit Bull Terrier — Infobox Dogbreed name = American Pit Bull Terrier altname = APBT nickname = Pit Bull country = United States ukcgroup = Terriers ukcstd = http://mail.ukcdogs.com/UKCweb.nsf/80de88211ee3f2dc8525703f004ccb1e/33b2281ce2cb81ca8525704d004cfa98?OpenDocu… … Wikipedia
Собака — Запрос «Собаки» перенаправляется сюда; о роде «Canis» см. Волки. Запрос «Собака» перенаправляется сюда; о знаке «собака» см. @. Собака … Википедия