- 6th United States Colored Infantry Regiment
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 6th United States Colored Infantry Regiment
July 28 1863– September 20 1865
command_structure=2nd Brigade, XVIII Corps (January 1864 – April 1864)2nd Brigade, Hincks' Colored Division, XVIII Corps,
Army of the James(April 1864 – June 1864)2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XVIII Corps (June 1864 – August 1864)3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, XVIII Corps (August 1864 – December 1864)2nd Brigade, 1st Division, XXV Corps (December 1864)2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, XXV Corps (December 1864 – March 1865)3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, X Corps (March 1865 – August 1865)
American Civil War
identification_symbol_label=The 6th United States Colored Infantry Regiment was an
African Americanunit of the Union Armyduring the American Civil War. A part of the United States Colored Troops, the regimentsaw action in Virginiaas part of the Richmond–Petersburg Campaign and in North Carolina, where it participated in the attacks on Fort Fisherand Wilmington and the Carolinas Campaign.
After a month and a half of organization, from
July 28to September 12 1863, at Camp William Penn, Pennsylvania, the 6th Regiment was sent to Fort Monroe, Virginia, on October 14 1863, and from there to Yorktown, Virginia, where it remained until May 1864. While at Yorktown, the unit was involved in several expeditions as part of the XVIII Corps: Wild's Expedition to South Mills and Camden Court House, North Carolina, from December 5to December 24 1863, Wistar's Expeditionagainst Richmond from February 2to February 6 1864, an expedition to New Kent Court Housein aid of Brigadier General Hugh Judson Kilpatrick's cavalry from March 1to March 4(including action at New Kent Court House on March 2and at Williamsburg on March 4), an expedition into King and Queen County from March 9to March 12, and an expedition into Mathews County from March 17to March 21.
May 4 1864the 6th Regiment participated in Brigadier General Benjamin F. Butler's operations on the south side of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond. The unit was involved in the capture of City Point, Virginia, on May 4and while in the city served fatigue duty, built Fort Converseon the Appomattox River, and defended an attack against Fort Converse on May 20.
The unit participated in action at
Bailor's Farmon June 15 1864before taking part in the Richmond–Petersburg Campaign until December 17. The 6th served in the trenches around Petersburg up to June 18and then did fatigue duty at Dutch GapCanal until August 27 1864. From there, the regiment moved to Deep Bottomand later participated in heavy action during the Battle of Chaffin's Farmat Fort Harrison on September 29and September 30. Two enlisted men of the 6th Regiment were awarded the Medal of Honorfor their actions at Chaffin's Farm: Thomas R. Hawkinsand Alexander Kelly. After taking part in the Battle of Fair Oaksfrom October 27to October 28, the unit returned to the trenches, this time near Richmond, where it remained until December 1864.
In December the unit was assigned to the newly-formed XXV Corps and took part in the failed attack on Fort Fisher, North Carolina, from
December 7to December 27 1864and the successful Second Battle of Fort Fisherfrom January 7to January 15 1865, including the bombardment of the fort starting on the 13th and the final assault and capture on the 15th. The 6th then saw action at Sugar Loaf Hillon January 19and at Sugar Loaf Batteryon February 11before taking part in the Battle of Wilmingtonat Fort Anderson from February 18to February 20and the capture of Wilmington as well as action at Northeast Ferryon February 22 1865.
In March 1865, the 6th Regiment was re-assigned to the X Corps and took part in General
William Tecumseh Sherman's Carolinas Campaign. The unit saw action during the advance on Kinston and Goldsboro, North Carolina, starting on March 6and occupied Goldsboro after its capture on March 21. The regiment saw further action at Cox's Bridgeon March 23and March 24and participated in the advance on Raleigh, North Carolina, starting on April 9and the occupation of Raleigh after the city's fall on April 14. With the end of the war at hand, the men of the 6th witnessed the surrender of Confederate General Joseph E. Johnstonand his army at Bennett Place, North Carolina, on April 26 1865. The unit served out the rest of its term in the Department of North Carolina.
The 6th was mustered out on
September 20 1865after two years of existence. The regiment lost a total of 224 men during its service; eight officers and 79 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded and five officers and 132 enlisted men died of disease.
List of United States Colored Troops Civil War Units
* cite web
url = http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/regiments.cfm
title = 6th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry
work = Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System
publisher = National Park Service
accessdate = 2007-02-13
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