Maquette


Maquette
This article is about the architectural or sculptural model. For the Italian animator, please see Bruno Bozzetto.
A maquette by architect Lorenzo Winslow exploring the structure of the Grand Staircase at the White House.

A maquette (French word for scale model, sometimes referred to by the Italian names plastico or modello) is a small scale model or rough draft of an unfinished architectural work or a sculpture. An equivalent term is bozzetto, from the Italian word that means "sketch".

It is used to visualize and test shapes and ideas without incurring the cost and effort of producing a full scale product. It is the analogue of the painter's cartoon, modello, oil sketch or drawn sketch. For commissioned sculptures, especially monumental public sculptures, a maquette may be used to show the client how the finished work will fit in the proposed site. The term may also refer to a prototype for a video game, film, or any other type of media. Modello, unlike the other terms, is also used for sketches for two-dimensional works such as paintings.

Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux' maquette for the fountain he donated to Valenciennes

Like oil sketches, these works in progress can be at least as much sought after as completed works by highly regarded artists, showing the process of developing an idea. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, a sculptor from the Baroque period, made his bozzetti from wax or baked terracotta to show his patrons how the final piece was intended to look. Eleven of these bozzetti were displayed in an exhibition at the Art Institute of Chicago in 2004.[1] Some museums specialise in collections of maquettes, such as the Museo dei Bozzetti in Pietrasanta, Italy.


References

  1. ^ Cassidy, Victor M. artnet. 2004. "Chicago Report". Accessed 22 August 2006.

External links

  • Maquette at the Tate Gallery's glossary.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • maquette — [ makɛt ] n. f. • 1752; it. macchietta, dimin. de macchia « tache », lat. macula 1 ♦ Ébauche, modèle en réduction d une sculpture. 2 ♦ Esquisse d ensemble d un panneau décoratif. ♢ Par ext. Original en couleurs que doit reproduire une page… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Maquette — de l Opéra Garnier (Paris, France) au musée d Orsay montrant, en une coupe longitudinale, ses volumes et circulations intérieurs …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maquette —   [ma kɛtə; italienisch französisch, eigentlich »kleiner Fleck«] die, / n, Bildhauerei: kleinformatige Skizze, Entwurf (in Wachs, Ton oder Gips) für eine Skulptur. * * * Ma|quet|te [ma kɛtə], die; , n [frz. maquette < ital. macchietta, eigtl.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • maquette — artist s preliminary model or sketch, 1903, from Fr. maquette (18c.), from It. macchietta speck, dim. of macchia spot, from macchiare to stain, from L. maculare (see MACULATE (Cf. maculate)). From 1893 as a French word in English …   Etymology dictionary

  • Maquette — (fr., spr. Makett), Modell, erste Anlage. zu einem Werke …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • maquette — /fr. maˈkɛt/ [fr., dall it. macchietta, dim. di macchia] s. f. inv. (di scultura) modellino …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • maquette — [ma ket′] n. [Fr < It macchietta, lit., little spot, dim. of macchia < L macula, a spot] a small model of a planned sculpture, building, etc …   English World dictionary

  • maquette — (ma kè t ) s. f. 1°   Terme de sculpture. Modèle, informe et en petit, d un ouvrage de ronde bosse. •   Une maquette du Christ enfant, de Léonard de Vinci, DIDER. Pensées sur la peint. Oeuv. t. XV, p. 228, dans POUGENS..    Espèces de mannequins… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • MAQUETTE — s. f. T. de Sculpture. Modèle, informe et en petit, d un ouvrage de ronde bosse. Maquette de cire, de terre …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • MAQUETTE — n. f. T. d’Arts Modèle en petit d’un ouvrage d’art. Présenter la maquette d’un monument …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)