Treaty of Lodi

Treaty of Lodi

The Treaty of Lodi, also known as the Peace of Lodi or the Treaty of Venice was a peace agreement between Milan and Venice signed on April 9 1454 at Lodi in Lombardy, on the banks of the Adda. It put an end to the long struggles between expansive Milan, under Filippo Maria Visconti, and Venice in the "terraferma", which had produced a single decisive Venetian victory, at the battle of Maclodio in 1427, in which the Venetian ally was Florence, but had resulted in no lasting peace: see Wars in Lombardy. After a further generation of intermittent seasonal campaigning, the Treaty of Lodi established permanent boundaries between Milanese and Venetian territories in Northern Italy, along the river Adda [ and brought peace, though not to Venice. Some of the crosses incised in prominent rock outcroppings may still be seen.] . Francesco Sforza was confirmed as the rightful duke of Milan. A principle of a balance of power in Northern Italy was established, one that excluded ambitions of smaller states: the republic of Genoa, the house of Savoy, the Gonzaga and the Este.

A related agreement was signed at Venice on August 30, among Milan, Venice and Florence, which had switched sides, in which the parties bound themselves to principles of non-aggression. The Kingdom of Naples and the smaller cities, even the Papal States, soon joined the Italic League. [ which was to recall the league against the power of Rome headed by the Samnites in the first century BC.] Thus, the Peace of Lodi brought Milan and Naples into a definitive peace alliance with Florence. Francesco Sforza would base his lifelong external policy on this principle of balance of power. The status quo established at Lodi lasted until 1494, when French troops intruded into Italian affairs under Charles VIII, initiating the Italian Wars.

The Treaty was abrogated in 1482 when Venice and the Pope fought a war against Milan.

ee also

*List of treaties


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См. также в других словарях:

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  • Lodi, Peace of — (1454) Treaty between Venice and Milan ending the war of succession to the Milanese duchy in favor of Francesco Sforza. It recognized Sforza as ruler of Milan and restored Venice s territories in northern Italy, including Brescia and Bergamo. It… …   Universalium

  • Wars in Lombardy — The wars in Lombardy were a series of conflicts fought in central northern Italy between the Republic of Venice and the Duchy of Milan, and their different allies. They lasted from 1425 until the signing of the Treaty of Lodi in 1454. During… …   Wikipedia

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  • Military history of Italy — The military history of Italy chronicles a vast time period, lasting from the overthrow of Tarquinius Superbus in 509 BC, through the Roman Empire, Italian unification, and into the modern day. The Italian peninsula has been a centre of military… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Maclodio — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Maclodio partof=The Wars in Lombardy caption= date=11 October, 1427 place=Maclodio casus= territory= result=Decisive Venetian victory combatant1=flag|Venice|name=Republic of Venice combatant2=… …   Wikipedia

  • Sforza —    Dynasty that ruled the duchy of Milan between 1450 and its expulsion by a French army in 1499, and again for intermittent peri ods in the first third of the 16th century. Its founder, Francesco (1401 1466), was the son of a successful… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • 1454 — Year 1454 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.Events of 1454* February 4 In the Thirteen Years War, the Secret Council of the Prussian Confederation sends a formal act of disobedience …   Wikipedia

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