Khushwant Singh


Khushwant Singh

Khushwant Singh ( _pa. ਖ਼ੁਸ਼ਵੰਤ ਸਿੰਘ, IPA2|xʊʃʋən̪t̪ sɪ́ŋg; born 2 February, 1915 in Hadali, Punjab, which now lies in Pakistan) is a prominent Indian novelist and journalist. Singh's weekly column, "With Malice towards One and All", carried by several Indian newspapers, is among the most widely-read columns in the country.

An important Indo-Anglian novelist, Singh is best known for his trenchant secularism, his humor, and an abiding love of poetry. His comparisons of social and behavioral characteristics of Westerners and Indians are laced with acid wit. He served as editor of several well-known literary and news magazines, as well as two major broadsheet newspapers, through the 1970s and 1980s.

Life and career

He is cool.Singh was educated at Government College, Lahore and St. Stephen's College in Delhi before reading for the Bar at King's College, Cambridge. His father, Sir Sobha Singh, was a prominent builder in Lutyens' Delhi.

In August 1947, days before the partition of India and Pakistan, Singh, then a lawyer practicing in the High Court in Lahore, drove to his family's summer cottage at Kasauli in the foothills of the Himalayas. Continuing on to Delhi along convert|200|mi|km of strangely vacant road, he came upon a Jeep full of armed Sikhs who boasted that they had just massacred a village of MuslimsSengupta, Somini, "Bearing Steady Witness To Partition's Wounds," Arts, "The New York Times", September 21, 2006, pages E1, E7] . Such experiences were to be powerfully distilled in Singh's 1956 novel "Train to Pakistan". (The 2006 edition of Train to Pakistan, published by Roli Books in New Delhi, also contains 66 photographs by Margaret Bourke-White that capture the partition's violent aftermath.)

Singh has edited "Yojana", an Indian government journal; "The Illustrated Weekly of India", a newsweekly; and two major Indian newspapers, "The National Herald" and the "Hindustan Times". During his tenure, "The Illustrated Weekly" became India's pre-eminent newsweekly.Fact|date=April 2007 After Singh's departure, it suffered a huge drop in readership [ [http://www.sepiamutiny.com/sepia/archives/003653.html Khushwant Singh's Journalism: The Illustrated Weekly of India] ] .

From 1980 through 1986, Singh was a member of Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian parliament. Awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1974 for service to his country, in 1984 he returned the award in protest against the siege of the Golden Temple by the Indian Army. Undeterred, in 2007 the Indian government awarded Singh an even more prestigious honor, the Padma Vibhushan.

A self-proclaimed agnostic, lover of fine scotch whiskey and admirer of female beauty, he nonetheless leads a very disciplined life, waking up at 4 am each day and continuing to write his columns by hand. His works range from political commentary and contemporary satire to outstanding translations of Sikh religious texts and Urdu poetry. Despite the name, his column "With Malice Towards One and All" regularly contains secular exhortations and messages of peace, brotherhood and tolerance. In addition, he is one of the last remaining writers to have personally known most of the stalwart writers and poets of Urdu and Punjabi languages, and profiles his recently deceased contemporaries in his column. One of the most striking aspects of his weekly writings is his outright honesty; he will openly admit to his weaknesses and mistakes, along with an acceptance of his declining health and physical abilities in more recent times.

As a public figure, Singh has been accused of favoring the ruling Congress party, especially during the reign of Indira Gandhi. He is better viewed as an establishment liberal. Singh's faith in secular forces has been shaken by events such as anti-Sikh riots that followed Indira Gandhi's assassination, in which major Congress politicians were alleged to be involved. But he has remained resolutely positive on the promise of Indian democracy [Singh, Khushwant, "Oh, That Other Hindu Riot Of Passage," Outlook Magazine, November, 07, 2004 , available at http://www.countercurrents.org/comm-khushwantsing071104.htm] ] .

Honors and awards

* Padma Bhushan, Government of India (1974)
* "Honest Man of the Year", Sulabh International (2000)
* Punjab Rattan Award, The Government of Punjab (2006)
* Padma Vibhushan, Government of India (2007)

Bibliography

*"The Mark of Vishnu and Other Stories", 1950
*"The History of Sikhs", 1953
*"Train to Pakistan", 1956
*"The Voice of God and Other Stories", 1957
*"I Shall Not Hear the Nightingale", 1959
*"The Sikhs Today", 1959
*"The Fall of the Kingdom of the Punjab", 1962
*"A History of the Sikhs", 1963
*"", 1963
*"", 1966
*"A Bride for the Sahib and Other Stories", 1967
*"Black Jasmine", 1971
*"Tragedy of Punjab", 1984
*"", 1990
*"", 1992
*"", 1993
*"We Indians", 1993
*"Women and Men in My Life", 1995
*"Uncertain Liaisons; Sex, Strife and Togetherness in Urban India", 1995
*"The Company of Women", 1999
*"Truth, Love and a Little Malice"(an autobiography), 2002
*"With Malice towards One and All"
*"The End of India", 2003
*"Burial at the Sea", 2004
*"Paradise and Other Stories", 2004
*"Death at My Doorstep", 2005
*"The Illustrated History of the Sikhs", 2006

References

External links

* [http://www.litencyc.com/php/speople.php?rec=true&UID=4089 Essay on Khushwant Singh on Literary Encyclopedia]
* [http://allaboutsikhs.com/person/khushwantsingh.htm About Khushwant Singh on AllAboutSikhs]
* [http://sikhtimes.com/bios_021503a.html Interview with Khushwant Singh]
* [http://www.india-today.com/itoday/19990830/cover2.html India today Interview: "We've Had So Many Donkeys as PM"]
* [http://www.outlookindia.com/full.asp?fodname=20051017&fname=FInterview+Khushwant&sid=1&pn=1 Outlook India Interview: "I Don't Know One Editor In India Who Is Well-Read" ]


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