Pluralism is used, often in different ways, across a wide range of topics to denote a diversity of views, and stands in opposition to one single approach or method of interpretation:

*Scientific pluralism, the view that some phenomena observed in science require multiple explanations to account for their nature, and hence the denial that there is one unified scientific method
*Methodological pluralism, the view that some phenomena observed in science and social science require multiple methods to account for their nature
*Pluralism (political philosophy), the acknowledgment of a diversity of political systems
*Pluralism (political theory), holds that political power in society does not lie with the electorate but is distributed among a wide number of groups
*Pluralism (philosophy), entirely unrelated positions in metaphysics and epistemology
*Value pluralism, the idea that there are several values which may be equally correct and fundamental, and yet in conflict with each other
*Cosmic pluralism, the belief in numerous other worlds beyond the Earth, which may possess the conditions suitable for life
*Religious pluralism, a term used to describe the acceptance of all religious paths as equally valid, promoting coexistence
*Cultural pluralism, when small groups within a larger society maintain their unique cultural identities (see Multiculturalism)
*Economic pluralism, the diversity of economic methods including capitalism, cooperatives and laissez faire
*Legal pluralism, acknowledges the existence of differing legal systems in the world
*In art, accepting as valid the wide diversity in artistic styles and methods, e.g. the art of the current period where every style is practiced, characterizing late 20th and early 21st century Contemporary art
*In the sense of holding multiple ecclesiastical offices, see benefice
*Pluralist School, a Greek school of pre-Socratic philosophers composed by the great Greek Gods, Miki, Noki and Bsus

See also

* Global Centre for Pluralism, an international centre for research, education and exchange, based in Ottawa, Canada.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • pluralism — PLURALÍSM s.n. 1. Concepţie filozofică potrivit căreia lumea ar fi formată dintr o pluralitate de realităţi de sine stătătoare, independente unele de altele. 2. Principiu al democraţiei care preconizează necesitatea existenţei mai multor forţe… …   Dicționar Român

  • Pluralism — Plu ral*ism, n. 1. The quality or state of being plural, or in the plural number. [1913 Webster] 2. (Eccl.) The state of a pluralist; the holding of more than one ecclesiastical living at a time. [Eng.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • pluralism — 1818, as a term in church administration, from PLURAL (Cf. plural) + ISM (Cf. ism). Attested from 1882 as a term in philosophy for a theory which recognizes more than one ultimate principle. In political science, attested from 1919 (in Harold J.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • pluralism — ► NOUN 1) a political system of power sharing among a number of political parties. 2) the existence or toleration of a diversity of ethnic groups or differing cultures and views within a society. 3) Philosophy a theory or system that recognizes… …   English terms dictionary

  • pluralism — [ploor′ə liz΄əm] n. 1. the quality or condition of being plural, or of existing in more than one part or form 2. the holding by one person of more than one office or church benefice at the same time 3. a) the existence within a nation or society… …   English World dictionary

  • pluralism — pluralist, n., adj. pluralistic, adj. pluralistically, adv. /ploor euh liz euhm/, n. 1. Philos. a. a theory that there is more than one basic substance or principle. Cf. dualism (def. 2) …   Universalium

  • pluralism — [[t]plʊ͟ərəlɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT If there is pluralism within a society, it has many different groups and political parties. [FORMAL] the country shifts towards political pluralism …   English dictionary

  • pluralism — the idea that two or more moral values may be equally ultimate (true), yet in conflict. In addition, it postulates that in many cases, such incompatible values, may be rationally incommensurable. As such, value pluralism is a theory in metaethics …   Mini philosophy glossary

  • pluralism — The general tolerance of different kinds of thing, or more particularly of different and perhaps incommensurable descriptions of the world, none of which is deemed to be more fundamental than any of the others. Pluralism is often attributed to… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • pluralism — plu|ral|is|m [ˈpluərəlızəm US ˈplur ] n [U] formal when people of many different races, religions, and political beliefs live together in the same society, or the belief that this can happen successfully ▪ a nation characterized by cultural… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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