- Maria Josepha of Bavaria
Maria Josepha of Bavaria Holy Roman Empress; German Queen Tenure 1765–1767 Spouse Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor House House of Wittelsbach Father Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor Mother Maria Amalia of Austria Born March 30, 1739
Died May 28, 1767(aged 28)
Burial Imperial Crypt, Vienna
Maria Josepha (Marie Josephe Antonie Walburga Felicitas Regula, 30 March 1739 - 28 May 1767), Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, Princess of Bavaria, was the daughter of Charles Albert, Elector of Bavaria and Maria Amalia of Austria and the second wife of Emperor Joseph II. She was a member of the house of Wittelsbach and was born in Munich, Bavaria.
The marriage was never happy; it had taken place only under pressure from Joseph's mother, Maria Theresa, who wanted her son to provide an heir to the throne. Joseph, however, had never wanted to remarry after the death of his beloved first wife, Isabella of Parma, although he had made some overtures toward Isabella's younger sister Maria Luisa of Parma. Maria Luisa, however, was already promised to the crown prince of Spain and in any case was not interested. Joseph did not find Maria Josepha physically attractive either—he described her in a letter as a "short, fat little person" with "ugly teeth". He admitted, however, that as far as her character was concerned, Maria Josepha was an "irreproachable woman" who loved him, and that he valued her for her positive traits but suffered because he could not love her.
The marriage was probably never consummated. Joseph declined to sleep in their shared bedroom and even had the balcony which joined their rooms in Schoenbrunn Palace divided so that he never had to see his wife. Upon her father-in-law's death on August 18, 1765, Maria Josepha became Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire. Her mother-in-law, however, remained the most powerful and important figure in the Empire and at court in Vienna.
On May 28, 1767, after only two years of marriage, Maria Josepha died of smallpox as had her predecessor Isabella. Her husband did not visit her during her illness, although her mother-in-law, Maria Theresa, did. In doing so, Maria Theresa also caught the disease but survived.
Maria Josepha was buried in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna, but Joseph did not attend her burial.
The unloved young empress played a role in her husband's life once more after her death, when he laid claim to a large part of Bavaria in 1778-1779. He based his claim on, among other grounds, his marriage to his Bavarian second wife. This conflict eventually grew into the War of the Bavarian Succession. In the end, the Habsburg dynasty gained only the Innviertel.
German royalty Preceded by
Maria Theresa of Austria
Holy Roman Empress
Maria Luisa of Spain
Duchesses of Bavaria by birth 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generationMaria Anna, Archduchess of Austria · Duchess Maximiliana Maria 4th generation 5th generationDuchess Marie Renate 6th generation 7th generationDuchess Maria Anna Karoline 8th generationDuchess Maximiliane* · Maria Antonia, Electress of Saxony* · Duchess Therese Benedikta* · Maria Anna Josepha, Margravine of Baden-Baden* · Maria Josepha, Holy Roman Empress* *also Princess of Bavaria 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generationInfanta Isabella of Portugal · Anne of Bohemia and Hungary 4th generation 5th generation 6th generation 7th generationArchduchess Margaret Theresa of Austria^ · Archduchess Claudia Felicitas of Austria^ · Countess Palatine Eleonor Magdalene of Neuburg 8th generationPrincess Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg · Princess Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel 9th generationnone 10th generation 11th generationDuchess Elisabeth of Württemberg** · Princess Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily** · Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily** · Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg** · Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia** · Princess Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym** · Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg** · Princess Elisabeth of Savoy** · Princess Maria Beatrice of Savoy*** 12th generation 13th generationPrincess Charlotte of Belgium · Princess Margaretha of Saxony · Princess Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies · Infanta Maria Theresa of Portugal · Princess Anna of Saxony** · Princess Alice of Parma** · Princess Maria Immaculata of the Two Sicilies** · Princess Isabella of Croÿ · Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria^ · Princess Auguste Maria of Bavaria 14th generation 15th generationPrincess Zita of Parma · Princess Franziska of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst · Princess Dorothea of Bavaria** · Countess Marie Valerie of Waldburg-Zeil-Hohenems** · Princess Ileana of Romania** · Princess Rosemary of Salm-Salm** · Countess Maria Theresa of Waldburg-Zeil** · Princess Maria of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg · Princess Christina of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg 16th generationPrincess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen · Princess Margherita of Savoy · Princess Anne Eugénie of Arenberg · Princess Yolande of Ligne · Countess Xenia Czernicheva-Besobrasova · Princess Anna Gabriele of Wrede · Countess Helena of Toerring-Jettenbach · Countess Ludmilla of Gallen · Princess Laetitia of Arenberg** · Countess Margaret Kálnoky von Köröspatak** · Maria Espinosa de los Monteros^^** · Countess Valerie of Podstatzky-Lichtenstein** · Freiin Eva Antonia von Hofmann** · Princess Anna Amelie of Schönburg-Waldenburg** · Countess Hedwig of Lichem-Löwenburg** · Freiin Edith von Sternbach** · Princess Margaret of Hohenberg · Countess Marie Christine of Hatzfeldt-Dönhoff · Eugenia de Calonge^^ · Freiin Maria Theresia von Gudenus 17th generationFreiin Francesca Thyssen-Bornemisza de Kászon et Impérfalva · Duchess Eilika of Oldenburg · Princess Astrid of Belgium*** · Princess Katharina of Isenburg-Birstein*** · Bettine Götz^^ · Paola de Temesváry^^ · Baroness Marie Hélène de Villenfagne de Vogelsanck · Princess Marie Astrid of Luxembourg · Princess Alexandra of Wrede · Princess María of the Two Sicilies · Sara Maya Al-Askari^^ · Mayasuni Heath^^ · Countess Katharina of Hardenberg · Ashmita Goswami^^ · Elyssa Edmonstone^^** · Countess Marie Gabrielle of Waldstein** 18th generationEstelle de Saint-Romain^^ *also an infanta of Spain by marriage
**also a princess of Tuscany by marriage
***also a princess of Modena by marriage
^also an archduchess of Austria in her own right
^^did not have a royal or noble title by birth
2nd Generation 3rd Generationnone 4th GenerationMarguerite Louise d'Orléans · Eleonora Luisa Gonzaga 5th GenerationDuchess Violante Beatrice of Bavaria · Duchess Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg 6th Generationnone 7th Generation 8th GenerationDuchess Elisabeth of Württemberg* · Princess Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily* · Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily* · Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg* · Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia* · Princess Hermine of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym* · Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg* · Princess Elisabeth of Savoy* 9th GenerationPrincess Maria Anna of Saxony* 10th GenerationPrincess Anna of Saxony* · Princess Maria Immaculata of the Two Sicilies* 11th GenerationPrincess Maria Cristina of the Two Sicilies* · Infanta Blanca of Spain* · Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria* 12th GenerationPrincess Dorothea of Bavaria* · Countess Marie Valerie of Waldburg-Zeil-Hohenems* · Princess Ileana of Romania* · Princess Rosemary of Salm-Salm* · Countess Maria Theresa of Waldburg-Zeil* 13th GenerationPrincess Laetitia of Arenberg* · Countess Margaret Kálnoky von Köröspatak* · Maria Espinosa de los Monteros^* · Countess Valerie of Podstatzky-Lichtenstein* · Freiin Eva Antonia von Hofmann* · Princess Anna Amelie of Schönburg-Waldenburg* · Countess Hedwig of Lichem-Löwenburg* · Freiin Edith von Sternbach* 14th GenerationElyssa Edmonstone^* · Countess Marie Gabrielle of Waldstein* ^did not have a royal or noble title by birth
* also an archduchess of Austria by marriage
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