Maria Josepha of Bavaria


Maria Josepha of Bavaria
Maria Josepha of Bavaria
Holy Roman Empress; German Queen
Tenure 1765–1767
Spouse Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor
House House of Wittelsbach
Father Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Maria Amalia of Austria
Born March 30, 1739(1739-03-30)
Germany
Died May 28, 1767(1767-05-28) (aged 28)
Austria
Burial Imperial Crypt, Vienna

Maria Josepha (Marie Josephe Antonie Walburga Felicitas Regula, 30 March 1739 - 28 May 1767), Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, Princess of Bavaria, was the daughter of Charles Albert, Elector of Bavaria and Maria Amalia of Austria and the second wife of Emperor Joseph II. She was a member of the house of Wittelsbach and was born in Munich, Bavaria.

Contents

Marriage

On 23 January 1765 (age 25,) she married the widowed Joseph, King of the Romans, and heir of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, in Schönbrunn Palace. She was two years older than her husband.

The marriage was never happy; it had taken place only under pressure from Joseph's mother, Maria Theresa, who wanted her son to provide an heir to the throne. Joseph, however, had never wanted to remarry after the death of his beloved first wife, Isabella of Parma, although he had made some overtures toward Isabella's younger sister Maria Luisa of Parma. Maria Luisa, however, was already promised to the crown prince of Spain and in any case was not interested. Joseph did not find Maria Josepha physically attractive either—he described her in a letter as a "short, fat little person" with "ugly teeth". He admitted, however, that as far as her character was concerned, Maria Josepha was an "irreproachable woman" who loved him, and that he valued her for her positive traits but suffered because he could not love her.[1]

The marriage was probably never consummated. Joseph declined to sleep in their shared bedroom and even had the balcony which joined their rooms in Schoenbrunn Palace divided so that he never had to see his wife. Upon her father-in-law's death on August 18, 1765, Maria Josepha became Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire. Her mother-in-law, however, remained the most powerful and important figure in the Empire and at court in Vienna.

Death

On May 28, 1767, after only two years of marriage, Maria Josepha died of smallpox as had her predecessor Isabella. Her husband did not visit her during her illness, although her mother-in-law, Maria Theresa, did. In doing so, Maria Theresa also caught the disease but survived.

Maria Josepha was buried in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna, but Joseph did not attend her burial.[2]

The unloved young empress played a role in her husband's life once more after her death, when he laid claim to a large part of Bavaria in 1778-1779. He based his claim on, among other grounds, his marriage to his Bavarian second wife. This conflict eventually grew into the War of the Bavarian Succession. In the end, the Habsburg dynasty gained only the Innviertel.[3]

Ancestors

References

  1. ^ This section and those following are translated from the German Wikipedia version of this article.
  2. ^ Idem. Helga Thoma: Ungeliebte Königin. Piper, 2006
  3. ^ Idem. Friedrich Weissensteiner: Die Töchter Maria Theresias. Heyne, 2002
German royalty
Preceded by
Maria Theresa of Austria
Holy Roman Empress
1765–1767
Succeeded by
Maria Luisa of Spain
German Queen
1765-1767




Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maria Anna of Bavaria (1574–1616) — Maria Anna of Bavaria For other people named Maria Anna of Bavaria, see Maria Anna of Bavaria (disambiguation). Maria Anna of Bavaria (8 December 1574 – 8 March 1616) was daughter of William V, Duke of Bavaria and Renata of Lorraine. Biography …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Anna of Bavaria (1551–1608) — For other people named Maria Anna of Bavaria, see Maria Anna of Bavaria (disambiguation). Maria Anna of Bavaria Archduchess consort of Austria Tenure 26 August 1571 – 10 July 1590 …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Josepha of Austria — Queen consort of Poland Grand Duchess consort of Lithuania Electress consort of Saxony Tenure 1734 – 5 October 1763 Coronation …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Josepha of Saxony — This article is about Ferdinand VII of Spain s wife. For Emperor Karl I of Austria s mother, see Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony. Maria Josepha of Saxony Queen consort of Spain Tenure 20 Octo …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony — This article is about Emperor Karl I of Austria s mother. For Ferdinand VII of Spain s wife, see Maria Josepha of Saxony. Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony Archduchess and Princess Maria Josepha of Austria; Princess Maria Josepha of Hungary,… …   Wikipedia

  • Archduchess Maria Josepha of Austria — Archduchess Maria Josepha Gabriella Johana Antonia Ana of Austria (19 March 1751 Vienna, Austria) (15 October 1767 Vienna, Austria). She was the daughter of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1708 1765) and Maria Theresa of Austria, Holy Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • Duchess Maria Anna Josepha of Bavaria — Maria Anna Josepha of Bavaria Painting of Maria Anna Josepha by an unknown artist, ca. 1740 Margravine of Baden Baden Tenure …   Wikipedia

  • Infanta Maria Josepha of Portugal — Maria José Duchess in Bavaria Spouse Karl Theodor, Duke in Bavaria Issue Elisabeth, Queen of the Belgians Marie Gabrielle, Crown Princ …   Wikipedia

  • Duchess Maria Antonia of Bavaria — Maria Antonia Electress of Saxony Maria Antonia Walpurgis by an unknown artist Spouse Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony Issue …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony (1731–1767) — Marie Josèphe Portrait by Jean Martial Frédou, 1760 Dauphine of France Tenure 9 February 1747 20 December 1765 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.