- White Hispanic and Latino Americans
Infobox Ethnic group
group = White Hispanic
caption = Notable White U.S. Hispanics:
Rita Hayworth· Robert Menendez· Marisol Deluna Andy García· Raquel Welch· Romualdo Pachecoflagicon|USA
poptime =White Hispanic or Latino
"' 24,452,046 Americans 8.11% of the U.S. population (2007 est)cite web |url=http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-ds_name=ACS_2007_1YR_G00_&-CONTEXT=dt&-mt_name=ACS_2007_1YR_G2000_B03002&-redoLog=true&-geo_id=01000US&-format=&-_lang=en&-SubjectID=15233308 |title=B03002. HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE |work=2007
American Community Survey|accessdate=2008-09-27 |publisher= United States Census Bureau]
West Coast of the United States· Southwestern United States· Northeastern United States· Florida
American English·Spanish· Spanglish
rels = Predominantly
Roman Catholic· Protestant, and Jewishminority
related = Other
Hispanic and Latino Americans· White Americans· White Latin Americans·other Latin American groups·Spaniards·Italians·Portuguese·other European groups·Lebanese·Syrians·other Middle Eastern groups
This article concerns itself with Americans whose race is white and whose ethnicity is Hispanic or Latino; i.e. Hispanic or Latino
The concepts of race and ethnicity are mutually independent in the
Office of Management and Budget's and United States Census Bureau's definitions. Thus, every American is identified by both a race and an ethnicity. The distinction made by government agencies for those within the population of any official race category, including White American, is between those who report Hispanic or Latino backgrounds and all others who do not. In the case of White Americans, these two groups are respectively termed "White Hispanics" and "non-Hispanic Whites", the former being those who report ancestry from the people of Spainor Hispanic Latin America, and the latter consisting of an ethnically diverse collection of all others who are classified as White Americans that do not report Hispanic backgrounds.
In the 2007
American Community Survey24.4 million, or 51.9% of the then 45,427,437 million total Hispanic and Latino Americansself-identified as white, an increase from 47.9% in the 2000 census.cite web |url=http://www.census.gov/prod/2001pubs/cenbr01-1.pdf |title=Overview of Race and Hispanic Origin: 2000 |accessdate=2008-02-06 |author=Elizabeth M. Grieco |coauthors=Rachel C. Cassidy |publisher= United States Census Bureau] Hispanics and Latinos who reported "Some other race" (meaning they do not identify with any of the standard racial categories given in the census) are the second largest group, at 41.2%, down from 42.2% in 2000. (The 2006 figures for racial categories chosen by Hispanics in the US Census other than "white" or "some other race" are: "Two or more races" or multiracials, 3.9%; Black, 1.4%; American Indian or Alaska Native, 0.8%; Asian, 0.35%; Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, 0.1%.) Respondents in the "Some other race" category are officially reclassified as white by the Census Bureau in some official estimates of race. This means that more than 90% of all Hispanic and Latino Americans end up being counted as "white" in some statistics of the US Census (which would equal 41 million in 2006).cite web |url=http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-state=dt&-ds_name=PEP_2006_EST&-CONTEXT=dt&-mt_name=PEP_2006_EST_G2006_T004_2006&-redoLog=true&-_caller=geoselect&-currentselections=PEP_2007_EST_G2007_T001&-geo_id=01000US&-geo_id=NBSP&-format=&-_lang=en |title=T4-2006. Hispanic or Latino By Race |accessdate=2008-02-06 |work=2006 Population Estimates |publisher= United States Census Bureau] Mexican Americans compose the majority (64%) of all Hispanic and Latino Americans,cite web |url=http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/DTTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=01000US&-ds_name=ACS_2006_EST_G00_&-mt_name=ACS_2006_EST_G2000_B03001 |title=B03001. HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY SPECIFIC ORIGIN |work=2006 American Community Survey|accessdate=2008-01-22 |publisher= United States Census Bureau] and similarly, Mexican Americans who identify themselves as "white" comprise the majority (59% in 2000) of all "White Hispanic or Latino" Americans.cite web |url=http://pewhispanic.org/files/reports/35.pdf |title=Shades of Belonging |author=Sonya Tafoya |year=2004 |publisher=Pew Hispanic Center |accessdate=2008-01-22] The second largest number of Hispanics identifying themselves as "white" are Puerto Rican Americans, and Cuban Americans are the third largest; these three U.S Hispanic groups by national origin compose the overwhelming majority of Hispanic and Latino Americans self-identifying as "white" in the US census.
Some Hispanic or Latino American groups, such as Mexican Americans and
Chilean Americans, predominantly identify as "white", in contrast to the actual racial profiles of their individual countries and the people from these countries that tend to migrate to the United States. For example, the official racial make-up of the population of Mexico is 9% white, 60% mestizo (a mix mainly of indigenous and Spanish), and 30% indigenous, with the people in the upper-class mainly european/white. Most of the immigrants to the United States from Mexico are of the mestizo group, yet half of all Mexican Americans define themselves as "white" in the US census.
Also, countries such ascite web [|url=http://www.cubagob.cu/otras_info/censo/tablas_html/ii_3.htm |title=TABLA II.3 POBLACION POR COLOR DE LA PIEL Y GRUPOS DE EDADES, SEGUN ZONA DE RESIDENCIA Y SEXO |accessdate=2008-05-02 |language=Spanish |publisher=Government of Cuba] [The CIA World Factbook shows a mulatto majority for Cuba ( [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2075.html] ).cite web |url=https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2075.html |title=CIA - The World Factbook -- Field Listing - Ethnic groups |accessdate=2008-02-06 |publisher=CIA]
Argentina, Cubaand Puerto Ricoare made up of european descent majorities, even though the ancestry in the United States from these countries may not be of european origin. [ http://www.topuertorico.org/pdf/2kh72.pdf Offical Puerto Rico Census Statisitics]
Because of the intermarriage between Hispanics and white non-Hispanics, many "white Hispanics" are also of these two ancestries, including some of the people shown in this article. Actual white Hispanic ancestry would by primarily Spanish, ultimately. The largest other white Hispanic ancestries are Italian, German, Portuguese, French, Irish, British, Polish, Lebanese, and Russian.
Representation in the media
White Hispanics are sometimes overlooked by the English-language U.S.
mass media,Fact|date=April 2008 and by general American social perceptions, where being Hispanic is often incorrectly given a racial value, usually non-white.cite web |url=http://thehispanicmyth.com/Hispanics_on_TV_myth.htm |title=Hispanic roles on American television |accessdate=2008-05-17] [cite web |url=http://www.childrensmediaproject.org/article.asp?showid=110 |title=Latinas in U.S. Media |accessdate=2008-05-17]
Since the early days of the movie industry in the U.S., when white Hispanic actors are given roles, they are usually cast as non-Hispanic Whites. Examples include such actors as
Jose Ferrer, Benicio Del Toro, Frankie Muniz, Andy Garcia, Joanna Garcíaand Cameron Diaz. [ [http://www.peopleenespanol.com/pespanol/en/articles/0,22490,1717409,00.html www.peopleenespanol.com Joanna Garcia biography] ] Most Americans may not be aware that American movie legend Rita Hayworth(born Margarita Carmen Cansino) was Hispanic, or that the actress who played "all-American" "Gilmore Girl" Lorelai Leigh "Rory" Gilmore — Alexis Bledel— is also Hispanic. [ [http://www.hispanicbusiness.com/news/2006/12/28/from_lucy_to_reba_a_look.htm Look at Hispanic Americans in the U.S] ]
Others accuse the U.S. Hispanic media, as well as the
Latin American media, of over-representing White Hispanics while under-representing the non-White population, amid claims that " telenovelas" or soap operas do not reflect the color spectrum of Hispanics and Latinos. [cite web |url=http://www.newsweek.com/id/58525?tid=relatedcl |title=Y Tu Black Mama Tambien |accessdate=2008-05-02 |author=Ernesto Quinonez |date=2003-06-19]
The term "Hispanic" has historically been misconstrued to refer to race or physical appearance. In general, Hispanics are assumed to have traits such as dark hair and eyes, and tan or brown skin. Many others are viewed as physically intermediate between
whites, blacksand/or Amerindians. [ [http://www.pbs.org/newshour/essays/june97/rodriguez_6-18.html A CULTURAL IDENTITY] ] Even though the U.S. Census Bureauand the American Community Surveyhave taken measures to rectify this, all Hispanics and Latinos are collated into a Census-designated "ethnicity" regardless of individual ethnic backgrounds. As such, Hispanics have also been included in Affirmative Actionprograms regardless of race or ethnicity. [ [http://www.rawstory.com/exclusives/tryferis/hispanic.htm Separated by a common language: The case of the white Hispanic] ]
An analysis of almost 3,000 interviews conducted over with national Democratic voters highlights the degree to which Obama has been able to secure the support of black Democrats, while Clinton, his major opponent, has held on to her edge among white and white Hispanic Democratic voters.Over this seven-day period, Clinton also had a substantial lead among white Hispanic voters, 55% to 39%. An analysis of Clinton's support among Hispanic Democratic voters this year shows that while there have been week-to-week fluctuations, she has generally led each week. (White Hispanics comprise about 6% of the national Democratic vote. [ [http://www.gallup.com/poll/104767/White-Hispanic-Democratic-Voters-Still-Favor-Clinton.aspx] ]
Notable White Hispanic and Latino Americans
List of Hispanic and Latino Americans
* [http://www.pbs.org/newshour/essays/june97/rodriguez_6-18.html A CULTURAL IDENTITY]
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