Breast disease


Breast disease
Breast disease
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 N60-N64
ICD-9 610-611
MeSH D001941

Breast diseases can be classified either with disorders of the integuement, or disorders of the reproductive system. A majority of breast diseases are noncancerous.[1]

Breast awareness is a goal of the breast health movement. Rather than promoting the largely ineffective, formally structured breast self-examinations, breast awareness promotes informal familiarity with the normal state of a woman's breasts.

Contents

Neoplasms

Illustration of the early warning signs of breast cancer

A breast neoplasm is an abnormal mass of tissue in the breast as a result of neoplasia. A breast neoplasm may be benign, as in fibroadenoma, or it may be malignant, in which case it is termed breast cancer. Either case commonly presents as a breast lump. Approximately 7% of breast lumps are fibroadenomas and 10% are breast cancer, the rest being other benign conditions or no disease.[2]

Phyllodes tumor is a fibroepithelial tumor which can either benign, broderline or malignant.

Malignant neoplasms (breast cancer)

Among women worldwide, breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer death.[3] Breast self-examination (BSE) is an easy but unreliable method for finding possible breast cancer.[4] Factors that appear to be implicated in decreasing the risk of, early diagnosis of. or reccurence of breast cancer are regular breast examinations by health care professionals, regular mammograms, self examination of breasts, healthy diet, and exercise to decrease excess body fat.[5]

Fibrocystic breast changes

Also called: fibrocystic breast disease, chronic cystic mastitis, diffuse cystic mastopathy, mammary dysplasia

Infections and inflammations

These may be caused among others by trauma, secretory stasis/milk engorgement, hormonal stimulation, infections or autoimmune reactions. Repeated occurrence unrelated to lactation requires endocrinological examination.

Abnormal nipple conditions

Breast with an inverted nipple.

Abnormal nipple conditions include:

Other breast conditions

See also


References

  1. ^ "MedlinePlus: Breast Diseases". http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/breastdiseases.html. 
  2. ^ Page 739 in: Mitchell, Richard Sheppard; Kumar, Vinay; Abbas, Abul K.; Fausto, Nelson. Robbins Basic Pathology. Philadelphia: Saunders. ISBN 1-4160-2973-7.  8th edition.
  3. ^ World Health Organization (February 2006). "Fact sheet No. 297: Cancer". http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs297/en/index.html. Retrieved 2007-04-26. 
  4. ^ Breast Self Examination at The Breast Site
  5. ^ Seven things you should know about breast cancer risk Harvard College. Last updated June 2008

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • cystic breast disease — noun the presence of one or more cysts in a breast • Syn: ↑fibrocystic breast disease, ↑fibrocystic disease of the breast, ↑cystic mastitis • Hypernyms: ↑disease …   Useful english dictionary

  • fibrocystic breast disease — noun the presence of one or more cysts in a breast • Syn: ↑fibrocystic disease of the breast, ↑cystic breast disease, ↑cystic mastitis • Hypernyms: ↑disease …   Useful english dictionary

  • Benign proliferative breast disease — is a group of noncancerous conditions that may increase the risk of developing breast cancer. Examples include ductal hyperplasia, lobular hyperplasia, and papillomas. External links * [http://www.cancer.gov/Templates/db alpha.aspx?CdrID=44788… …   Wikipedia

  • benign breast disease — A common condition marked by benign (noncancerous) changes in breast tissue. These changes may include irregular lumps or cysts, breast discomfort, sensitive nipples, and itching. These symptoms may change throughout the menstrual cycle and… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • fibrocystic breast disease — A common condition marked by benign (noncancerous) changes in breast tissue. These changes may include irregular lumps or cysts, breast discomfort, sensitive nipples, and itching. These symptoms may change throughout the menstrual cycle and… …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • benign proliferative breast disease — A group of noncancerous conditions that may increase the risk of developing breast cancer. Examples include ductal hyperplasia, lobular hyperplasia, and papillomas …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • Breast — The milk engorged breast of a pregnant woman …   Wikipedia

  • Disease — Human disease redirects here. For the Slayer song, see Soundtrack to the Apocalypse. Flare up redirects here. For the Transformers character, see Flareup (Transformers). Medical condition redirects here. For the descriptive terminology using… …   Wikipedia

  • breast —   Ū; waiū (for various types, see Haw. Eng. entry and entries that follow it); pu uwaiū (female); poli, umauma;    ♦ budding breast, ōpu u;    ♦ nursing breast, poli ai.   See idioms, poli, poli awa, poli make.    ♦ Hard core in a breast, haku… …   English-Hawaiian dictionary

  • Breast cancer — Classification and external resources Mammograms showing a normal breast (left) and a cancerous breast (right). ICD 10 C …   Wikipedia


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