- Mir (title)
Mir is a title which is derived from the Arabic title Emir or Amir (Arabic: أمير). It was adopted in many languages under Islamic influence, such as Persian (مير), Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, meaning leader of a group or tribe in Iran, Afghanistan, India and Pakistan.
(The last name Mirpourian is a present day example of sayyid, a direct descendant of the prophet Muhammad.)
In Muslim princely states very few formal mirs have actually reached the level of salute state, notably in present Pakistan, where only two of the six have been entitled to a gun salute and the attached His Highness. The highest-ranking are the Amir of Bahawalpur), the Mir of Khairpur (17 guns) and the Mir of Hunza (15 guns).
In Balochistan, mir is a title give to a sardar son or brother. The twelve mirs make one sardar. When a mir has twelve mirs under him he becomes a sardar. It is given as well to people in religion. Sayyid sons or brothers remain as such until they fulfill the complete Islam requirement and hold the title of mir instead of sayyid.
On the Indian subcontinent, since the Mughal period, various compounds were used in Urdu including:
- combined Indian princely styles, notably Sahibzada mir
- Mīr-tuzak or tǒzak: Marshal, in the sense of an officer who maintains order in a march or procession; master of the ceremonies
- Mīr-dah, or Mīr-daha: Commander, or superintendent, of ten: decurion; a Tithing-man
- Mīr-sāmān: Head steward
- Mīr-shikār: Master of the hunt, chief huntsman; also Grand Falconer; hence bird-catcher, and (metaphorically) a pimp
- Mīr-ě-ātash, or Mīr-ātish: Chief of the fireworks; also Commandant of artillery, Master of the ordnance
- Mīr-ě-majlis, shortened Mīr-majlis: Master of the ceremonies or president, chairman of a majlis (assembly)
- Mīr-mahalla: Headman of a mahal(la), i.e. quarter (of a town)
- Mīr-ě-manzil, shortened Mīr-manzil: Overseer of the halting-places; Quartermaster-general
- Mīr-munshī: Chief secretary; Head (native) clerk of a (colonial) office.
- Mir Munshi, from the Arabic Amir-i-Munshi, 'commander of the secretaries', is the Chief Secretary of the Foreign Office.
- Mir Umrao, from the Arabic Amir ul-Umara, 'commander of commanders': a senior military officer ranking below a Sardar and charged with the command of a fort and surrounding territories, the training and equipment of soldiers and the supply of materiel.
- There are several cities and towns in Pakistan named after this very princely title. These include Mirpur, in Kashmir, and Mirpurkhas, in Sindh.
- In the tribal societies of South Asia, many people used this word with or as rather as part of their names eg Mir Murtaza Bhutto, as happens with many titles (especially khan), not only those holding a position as tribal or other leader.
- Mir is a tribe in Pakistan.
- Mir of Hunza
- Platt's Dictionary of Urdu&Hindi
- RoyalArk - here India
- Royal Ark on princely states- here Pakistan, see each present country
- Pakistan's Northern Areas dilemma
- Northern Areas Development Gateway
- Pakistan's Northern Areas
- Northern Pakistan's Karakoram & Hindukush Mountains
- The Mountain Areas Conservancy Project
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mir (disambiguation) — Mir is a Soviet, later Russian space station. Mir or MIR may also refer to: Contents 1 Soviet or Russian context 2 Places 3 … Wikipedia
Mir-133 microRNA precursor family — mir 133 is a type of non coding RNA called a microRNA that was first experimentally characterised in mice [cite journal | last = Lagos Quintana | first = M | coauthors = Rauhut R, Yalcin A, Meyer J, Lendeckel W, Tuschl T | year = 2002 | title =… … Wikipedia
Mir-181 microRNA precursor — is a small non coding RNA molecules. MicroRNAs are transcribed as 70 nucleotide precursors and subsequently processed by the Dicer enzyme to give a 22 nucleotide mature product. In this case the mature sequence comes from the 5 arm of the… … Wikipedia
Mir-29 microRNA precursor — is a small non coding RNA that is involved in regulating gene expression. [cite journal | last = Ambros | first = V | year = 2001 | title = microRNAs: tiny regulators with great potential | journal = Cell | volume = 107 | pages = 823 ndash;826 |… … Wikipedia
Mir Mine — ( ru. Кимберлитовая алмазная трубка Мир ; English: kimberlite diamond pipe Peace ) is an abandoned open pit diamond mine located in Mirny, Eastern Siberia. The mine is 525 m deep and has a diameter of 1200 m. [ru icon… … Wikipedia
Mir Nooruddin Mengal — Mir Noor ud din Mengal Mir Noor ud din Mengal Shaheed Born 13 July 19 … Wikipedia
Mir-30 microRNA precursor — is a small non coding RNA that regulates gene expression. Animal microRNAs are transcribed as 70 nucleotide stem loop precursor and subsequently processed by the Dicer enzyme to give a mature 22 nucleotide product. In this case the mature… … Wikipedia
Mir Mughal — are a Kashmir tribe or kram found both in the Kashmir Valley, and among the Kashmiri diaspora. The word Mir is a shortened form of the Persian word mirza, meaning a person of princely blood. It was also a common title among the Sayyids of the… … Wikipedia
Mir Geribert — (died 1060) was a Catalan nobleman, rebel against the Count of Barcelona for almost two decades (1040–1059), and self declared Prince of Olèrdola . His revolt was merely the longest and most severe of what was then endemic to Catalonia: private… … Wikipedia
Mir Mohtesham Ali Khan — Mir Mohtashim Ali Khan Mir Mohtashim Ali Khan at press conference in 2008. Personal Info Born Hyderabad, India Height 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m) … Wikipedia