Oenopion


Oenopion
Dionysus teaching the art of wine-drinking to Oenopion, on an Attic black-figured amphora from Vulci (ca. 540-530 BC) by Exekias

In Greek mythology, Oenopion (Ancient Greek: Οἰνοπίων, Oinopion, English translation: "wine drinker", "wine-faced"), son of Theseus or Dionysus and Ariadne,[1][2][3][4] was a legendary king of Chios, which was assigned to him by Rhadamanthys,[5] and was said to have brought winemaking to the island. By the nymph Helice, he had one daughter, called Merope in most sources, but "Haero" in Parthenius.[6] He also had several sons, namely Melas, Talus, Euanthes, Salagus and Athamas, who all sailed with him to Chios from Crete.[7]

The most well known story of Oenopion is the one that deals with him receiving the famous giant hunter Orion as a guest, with Orion's subsequent attempt to violate his daughter. The story differs somewhat in different ancient sources; what follows is Hesiod's version. For the details, see Orion. Orion walked to Chios over the Aegean, and Oenopion welcomed him with a banquet; Orion got drunk and assaulted Merope. In revenge, Oenopion stabbed out Orion's eyes, and then threw him off the island. Hephaestus took pity on the blind Orion and gave him his servant Cedalion as a guide. Cedalion guided him east, where the rising sun restored Orion's sight. Orion then decided to kill Oenopion, but the Chians had built the king an underground fortress, and Orion couldn't find him. (Other sources say it was an iron fortress, built by Hephaestus.) Orion then went to Crete.[6][8][9][10]

References

  1. ^ Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, Epitome of Book 4, 1. 9
  2. ^ Plutarch, Theseus, 20. 1
  3. ^ Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 3. 997
  4. ^ Hermann Steuding, Karl Pomeroy Harrington, Herbert Cushing Tolman (1897). Greek and Roman Mythology. Original from Harvard University: Leach, Shewell, and Sanborn. pp. 68 and 69 (item 92). http://books.google.com/books?id=rF4AAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA69&dq=Staphylus+grape&ie=ISO-8859-1#PPA69,M1. 
  5. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 5. 79. 2
  6. ^ a b Parthenius, Love Romances, 20
  7. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 7. 4. 8
  8. ^ Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 1. 4. 3
  9. ^ Hyginus, Poetical Astronomy, 2. 34
  10. ^ Pseudo-Eratosthenes, Catasterismi, 32



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  • Dionysus — Bacchus redirects here. For other uses, see Bacchus (disambiguation). This article is about the Greco Roman deity. For other uses of the names Dionysus and Dionysos , see Dionysos (disambiguation). For other uses of the theophoric name Dionysius …   Wikipedia

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