- Seattle Opera
The Seattle Opera is an
operacompany located in Seattle, Washington. Founded in 1963 by Glynn Ross, who served as the company's first general director through 1983, Seattle Opera's season runs from August to late May, with five or six operas offered and with eight to ten performances each, often with double casts in major roles to allow for successive evening presentations.
The second, and current, general director of Seattle Opera since 1983 is
Speight Jenkins. Since August 2003, the company has presented operas in the Marion Oliver McCaw Hall, built on the site of the old Seattle Opera House at the Seattle Center. The company does not have a full-time music director. In October 2007, Seattle Opera announced the appointment of Asher Fisch as the company's principal guest conductor. [cite news | url=http://www.playbillarts.com/news/article/7214.html | title=Seattle Opera Appoints Asher Fisch Principal Guest Conductor | work=Playbill Arts | author=Matthew Westphal | date=16 October 2007 | accessdate=2007-10-18]
The Ross years
From the outset, Ross saw opera as something that had to be sold using similar techniques to those used to sell popular entertainment. "To sell opera…you have to get their attention with a little razzle-dazzle. You've got to be sympatico. You have to be able to communicate, and you have to deliver your message with the best possible product you can manage."Quoted in Harvnb|Jones|1972|p=254.] In 1970, H. C. Schonberg of the "
New York Times" contrasted the Seattle Opera's approach to marketing to the then still staid marketing of New York's Metropolitan Opera: "Out there, you see campaign buttons with the legend "Opera Lives". It is in Seattle where you can look at the sky and find an airplane skywriting the virtues of Seattle Opera. There are even auto bumper stickers about opera." Further, Schonberg remarked favorably on the "air of freshness and experimentation that contrasts vividly with the dull, tried and true, tired professionalism in other opera houses one could mention."
Richard Wagner at the Seattle Opera
The company is noted for its performances of the works of
Richard Wagner, including the "Ring" cycle. In 1975, it was the first American company to perform the cycle in its entirety over the space of a week since the Metropolitan Operadid it in 1939.
First Ring Cycles, 1975 to 1983
Beginning with a production of "
Die Walküre" one year, and following successively each year with " Siegfried" and, finally, " Götterdämmerung", Ross announced in 1975 that " Das Rheingold" would precede the others to make up the first consecutive Ring Cycle over six days in July. In spite of the modernization of the opera productions which Ross found at the Bayreuth Festival, Seattle’s were to be traditional productions and appeal to the lovers of the traditional. Two back-to-back cycles of the "Ring", one each in German and English, were presented annually between 1975 and 1983. Andrew Porter’s English adaptation which was prepared for the English National Operaand which was priced below the German language cycle, introduced many new listeners to Wagner. Originally directed by George Londonwith designer John Naccarato, later presentations were directed by Lincoln Clark between 1976 and 1983, and by the tenor, Ragnar Ulfungin 1984. Henry Holt conducted all the cycles. The performances were well attended and received good press.
By 1982, the cycle was drawing opera lovers from all over the United States, as well as many other countries of the world, and Seattle appeared to be a serious rival to Bayreuth.
Ring Cycles today
By 2001 audiences for the most successful Ring cycle to date came from 49 states and 19 countries, and was a sell out many months before opening. For the 2005 Cycle,
Jane Eaglenreturned to sing Brünnhilde; the director was Stephen Wadsworth, the set designer was Thomas Lynchand Robert Spanoconducted. All performances of the Ring Cycle are now given in German.
In the summer of 2009, the Ring Cycle will be performed four times with the most recent productions. Greer Grimsley will appear as Wotan.
peight Jenkins and Wagner
Jenkins was appointed general director in 1983. He believed in the future of the company’s Ring Cycle and was eager to create a new Ring production. In addition, he stated a goal of producing all ten of the major Wagner works in Seattle and, beginning with "
Tannhäuser", Jenkins' goal was achieved over the following nineteen years with an August 2003 production of " Parsifal".
Seattle Opera draws some of the world's best opera singers to its stage. Some of the notable performers who have appeared in productions include:
Harolyn Blackwell- A regular figure on the Seattle Opera stage during the 1990s and 2000s, her credits with the company include the title roles in Donizetti's " Lucia di Lammermoor" and Delibes's " Lakme".
Kevin Burdette- Who debuted with the company in 2006 as Mustafà in Rossini’s " L'italiana in Algeri".
Jane Eaglen- who made her American debut as well as her Seattle Opera debut in the company's 1994 production of Bellini's "Norma.
Renée Fleming- who made her debut with the company singing the title role in the 1990 production of Dvorak's " Rusalka".
Nuccia Focile- who has appeared in several productions with the company including the title role in the 2007 production of " Gluck"’s " Iphigenia in Tauris".
Andrea Gruber- who has sung numerous roles with the company including the title role in Verdi's " Aida"
Ben Heppner- who performed his first ever Tristan in Wagner's " Tristan und Isolde" with Seattle Opera in 1998.
Brett Polegato- who made his debut with the company as Henry Miles in the 2005 production of Jake Heggie’s " The End of the Affair".
Alberto Remedios- who appeared as Siegfried in " The Ring Cycle" with the company in the 1970s.
Gidon Saks- who has appeared in several Wagner productions with the company.
Conductors and directors
Seattle Opera often invites guest directors and conductors to take part in its productions. Notable conductors and directors include:
*Christopher Alden- who made his debut with the company conducting
Mozart's " Don Giovanni".
Nicola Luisotti- who made his debut with the company in 2005 conducting Verdi's "Macbeth".
Richard Pearlman- who conducted the first professional production of The Who's rock opera"Tommy" starring Bette Midlerwith the company in 1971.
Bartlett Sher- who made his opera directing debut with the company's production of Martin David Levy's " Mourning Becomes Electra".
Robert Spano- who conducted the 2005 production of "The Ring Cycle".
Werner Torkanowsky- who conducted the 1974 production of Boito's " Mefistofele".
Seattle Opera supports the creation of new operas and has commissioned several works throughout its history. Operas commissioned by the company include:
Carlisle Floyd's "Of Mice and Men" (1970)
Thomas Pasatieri's "Black Widow" (1972)
Daniel Catán's " Florencia en el Amazonas" (1998)
Daron Hagen's "Amelia" (scheduled to premiere in May 2010)
author-link =Nard Jones
year = 1972
place =Garden City, New York
* [http://www.seattleopera.org/ Seattle Opera official website homepage]
List of important opera companies
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