- Mohammad-Hossein Shahriar
Seyyed Mohammad Hossein Behjat-Tabrizi (Shahriar)
Died September 18, 1988
Tehran, Iran, (Buried in Maghbaratol Shoara, Persian: مقبرةالشعرا)
Occupation Iranian Poet
Seyyed Mohammad Hossein Behjat-Tabrizi (Azerbaijani: سید محمدحسین شهریار, Persian: سید محمدحسین بهجت تبریزی) (1906-September 18, 1988), chiefly known by his pen name as Shahriar (or Shahryar / Shahriyar شهریار), was a legendary Iranian poet of Azeri origin, wrote in Persian languages and Azerbaijani language.
Born in Tabriz, Shahriar came to Tehran in 1921 and continued his studies in the Dar-ol-Fonoun high school and started studying medicine after graduation from Dar-ol-Fonoun in 1924. But he fell in love, left his studies about a year before receiving his M.D. degree, and went to Khorasan. He returned to Tehran in 1935 and started working in the Agricultural Bank of Iran.
Shahriar was the first Iranian to write significant poetry in Turkish. He published his first book of poems in 1929. His poems are mainly influenced by Hafez. His most famous poem Heydar-Babaya Salam, in Turkish, is considered to be among the best modern poems in the language and has been turned into a few plays.
His most famous Turkish work Heydar Babaya Salam, Published in 1954, won the immense affection of the both the Turkic and Iranian speakers. Heydar Babaya Salam is translated into more than 30 languages all over the world, specially in Turkic speaking countries.
Mohammad Hossein Shahriar, was one of the first Iranian Azeris to write a significant collection of poetry in the Turkish language. Born in 1906 in a village near Tabriz, he received his elementary education, including the Divan of Hafez, under his father's supervision. Shahriar’s first formal education was at the Motahari (former Mansoor High School) Secondary School in Tabriz. He subsequently studied at the Darolfonun (former higher education school) in Tehran. Although he studied medicine in college, he dropped out just before getting his diploma and went to Khorasan, where he found a job as a notary public and bank clerk. Initially he published his poems under his given name, Behjat, but later chose the name Shahriar.
This passionate poet began by composing tragic poetry. Many of his bittersweet memories are reflected in his books Hazyan-e Del, Heydar Baba, and Mumiyai. Heydar Baba, composed in Azerbaijani and later translated into Persian, was for a long time on the top ten best-seller list in Tehran. Heydar Baba is the name of a mountain where the poet spent his childhood. He also wrote a book of epic poems, Takht-e Jamshid.
He was interested in humanistic issues and in his poem "A letter to Einstein" he criticized the result of his scientific work that was abused as nuclear weapon.
Shahriar’s verse takes diverse forms, including lyrics, quatrains, couplets, odes, and elegies. One of his love poems, Hala Chera, was set to music by Rouhollah Khaleghi. The composition for orchestra and solo voice became one of his most well-known works. One of the major reasons for the success of Shahriar’s work is the sincerity of his words. Since he uses slang and colloquial language in the context of poetry, his poems are understandable and effective for a broad segment of the public.
Shahriar was a talented calligrapher, played the setar very well, and had a keen interest in music. He was a very close friend of the Persian musician and highly respected teacher Abdulhossein Saba. He died in 1988.
Persian literature Old MiddleAyadgar-i Zariran · Counsels of Adurbad-e Mahrspandan · Dēnkard · Book of Jamasp · Book of Arda Viraf · Karnamak-i Artaxshir-i Papakan · Cube of Zoroaster · Dana-i_Menog_Khrat · Shabuhragan of Mani · Shahrestanha-ye Eranshahr · Bundahishn · Greater Bundahishn · Menog-i Khrad · Jamasp Namag · Pazand · Dadestan-i Denig · Zadspram · Sudgar Nask · Warshtmansr · Zand-i Vohuman Yasht · Drakht-i Asurig · Bahman Yasht · Shikand-gumanic Vichar Classical900s–1000s1000s–1100sBābā Tāher · Nasir Khusraw (1004–1088) · Al-Ghazali (1058–1111) · Khwaja Abdullah Ansari (1006–1088) · Asadi Tusi · Qatran Tabrizi (1009–1072) · Nizam al-Mulk (1018–1092) · Masud Sa'd Salman (1046–1121) · Moezi Neyshapuri · Omar Khayyām (1048–1131) · Fakhruddin As'ad Gurgani · Ahmad Ghazali · Hujwiri · Manuchehri · Ayn-al-Quzat Hamadani (1098–1131) · Uthman Mukhtari · Abu-al-Faraj Runi · Sanai · Banu Goshasp · Borzu-Nama · Afdal al-Din Kashani · Abu'l Hasan Mihyar al-Daylami · Mu'izzi · Mahsati Ganjavi1100s–1200sHakim Iranshah · Suzani Samarqandi · Ashraf Ghaznavi · Faramarz Nama · Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi (1155–1191) · Adib Sabir · Am'aq · Najm-al-Din Razi · Attār (1142–c.1220) · Khaghani (1120–1190) · Anvari (1126–1189) · Faramarz-e Khodadad · Nizami Ganjavi (1141–1209) · Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (1149–1209) · Kamal al-din Esfahani · Shams Tabrizi (d.1248)1200s–1300sAbu Tahir Tarsusi · Najm al-din Razi · Awhadi Maraghai · Shams al-Din Qays Razi · Baha al-din Walad · Nasīr al-Dīn al-Tūsī · Baba Afdal al-Din Kashani · Fakhr al-din Araqi · Mahmud Shabistari (1288–1320s) · Abu'l Majd Tabrizi · Amir Khusro (1253–1325) · Saadi (Bustan / Golestān) · Bahram-e-Pazhdo · Zartosht Bahram e Pazhdo · Rumi · Homam Tabrizi (1238–1314) · Nozhat al-Majales · Khwaju Kermani · Sultan Walad1300s–1400s1400s–1500s1500s–1600s1600s–1700s1700s–1800sNeshat Esfahani · Forughi Bistami (1798–1857) · Mahmud Saba Kashani (1813–1893) ContemporaryPoetIran· Ali Abdolrezaei · Ahmadreza Ahmadi · Mehdi Akhavan-Sales · Hormoz Alipour · Qeysar Aminpour · Mohammadreza Aslani · Aref Qazvini · Manouchehr Atashi · Mahmoud Mosharraf Azad Tehrani · Mohammad-Taqi Bahar · Reza Baraheni · Simin Behbahani · Hushang Ebtehaj · Bijan Elahi · Parviz Eslampour · Parvin E'tesami · Forough Farrokhzad · Hossein Monzavi · Hushang Irani · Iraj Mirza · Bijan Jalali · Siavash Kasraie · Esmail Khoi · Shams Langeroodi · Mohammad Mokhtari · Nosrat Rahmani · Yadollah Royaee · Tahereh Saffarzadeh · Sohrab Sepehri · Mohammad-Reza Shafiei Kadkani · Mohammad-Hossein Shahriar · Ahmad Shamlou · Manouchehr Sheybani · Nima YooshijAfghanistanTajikistanUzbekistanPakistanIndiaNovelShort StoryJalal Al-e-Ahmad · Yousef Alikhani · Kourosh Asadi · Shamim Bahar · Sadeq Chubak · Simin Daneshvar · Nader Ebrahimi · Ali-Moraf Fadaeenia · Ebrahim Golestan · Houshang Golshiri · Sadegh Hedayat · Bahram Heydari · Mohammad-Ali Jamalzadeh · Aboutorab Khosravi · Mostafa Mastoor · Jaafar Modarres-Sadeghi · Houshang Moradi Kermani · Bijan Najdi · Shahrnush Parsipur · Gholam-Hossein Sa'edi · Bahram Sadeghi · Goli TaraqqiPlayScreenplaySaeed Aghighi · Mohammadreza Aslani · Rakhshan Bani-E'temad · Bahram Bayzai · Hajir Darioush · Pouran Derakhshandeh · Asghar Farhadi · Bahman Farmanara · Hamid Farrokhnezhad · Farrokh Ghaffari · Behrouz Gharibpour · Bahman Ghobadi · Fereydun Gole · Ebrahim Golestan · Ali Hatami · Hossein Jafarian · Abolfazl Jalili · Ebrahim Hatamikia · Abdolreza Kahani · Varuzh Karim-Masihi · Samuel Khachikian · Abbas Kiarostami · David Mahmoudieh · Majid Majidi · Mohsen Makhmalbaf · Dariush Mehrjui · Reza Mirkarimi · Hengameh Mofid · Rasoul Mollagholipour · Amir Naderi · Jafar Panahi · Kambuzia Partovi · Rasul Sadr Ameli · Mohammad Sadri · Parviz Shahbazi · Sohrab Shahid-SalessOthersDehkhoda · Contemporary Persian and Classical Persian are the same language, but writers since 1900 are classified as contemporary. At one time, Persian was a common cultural language of much of the non-Arabic Islamic world. Today it is the official language of Iran, Tajikistan and one of the two official languages of Afghanistan.
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