Bauru


Bauru

Infobox City |official_name = Bauru, São Paulo
nickname=Unlimited City


imagesize =


image_




mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in the São Paulo state.
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 =
subdivision_name = Brazil
subdivision_name1 = São Paulo
subdivision_name2 =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Tuga Angerami
area_magnitude = 1 E8
area_total_km2 = 702
area_land_km2 = 697
area_water_km2 = 5
population_as_of = 2006
population_note =
population_total = 356680
population_metro =
population_density_km2 = 529.6
timezone = Horário Oficial de Brasília
utc_offset = -3
timezone_DST = Horário Oficial de Verão
utc_offset_DST = -2
latd=22 |latm=18 |lats=53 |latNS=S
longd=49 |longm=03 |longs=38 |longEW=W
elevation_m = 526
region = Bauru
website = http://www.bauru.sp.gov.br
Bauru is a Brazilian city and municipality in the state of São Paulo. It is also the capital of the micro-region of Bauru. The population in 2004 is 368,580, the area of the municipality is 675.2 km² and the population density is 464.56/km².

Established in 1896, its boundaries are Reginópolis to the north, Arealva to the northeast, Pederneiras to the east, Agudos and Piratininga in the south and Avaí in the west.

It is the hometown of Marcos César Pontes, the first Brazilian in space. It is also the town where Pelé grew up and learned his football skills.

History

Origin of the Name

There are a couple theories intended to explain the origin of the Bauru name. One of the most accepted was proposed by Ismael Marinho Falcão, an engineer who coexisted during many years with the Caingangue tribe, who used to inhabit the region.

According to his findings, the region was called ubaurú, because of the abundance of an herbaceous plant called ubá, used for the hampers and wicker baskets, and urú, a ground bird related to the chicken.

Others think that the name comes offrom mbai-yuru, meaning "waterfall" or "river in strong declivity"; or ybá or uru, "basket of fruits"; or even bauruz, as the natives who inhabited the edges of rio Batalha were called.

External links

* [http://www2.uol.com.br/bauruemdia/historia.htm History of Bauru] - Origin of Bauru.
* [http://www.bauru.sp.gov.br Official Website] - Prefeitura Municipal de Bauru
* [http://www.cdbrasil.cnpm.embrapa.br/sp/img0/sp34_39.jpgImage of Bauru] - Aerial view of the city
* [http://www.fob.usp.br USP Bauru] Universidade de São Paulo (University)
* [http://www.bauru.unesp.br UNESP Bauru] Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (University)


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