Alfred Hershey


Alfred Hershey

Infobox Scientist
name = Alfred Hershey
box_width =


image_size =150px
caption = Alfred D. Hershey in 1969
birth_date = December 4, 1908
birth_place = Owosso, Michigan
death_date = May 22 1997
death_place =
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = United States
ethnicity =
field = bacteriology genetics
work_institutions =
alma_mater = Michigan State University
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = bacteriophages
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes = Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1969
religion =
footnotes =

Alfred Day Hershey (December 4, 1908 – May 22 1997) was an American Nobel Prize-winning bacteriologist and geneticist.

He was born in Owosso, Michigan and received his B.S. in chemistry at Michigan State University in 1930 and his Ph.D. in bacteriology in 1934, taking a position shortly thereafter at the Department of Bacteriology at Washington University in St. Louis.

He began performing experiments with bacteriophages with Italian-American Salvador Luria and German Max Delbrück in 1940, and observed that when two different strains of bacteriophage have infected the same bacteria, the two viruses may exchange genetic information.

He moved to Cold Spring Harbor, New York, in 1950 to join the Carnegie Institution of Washington's Department of Genetics, where he performed the famous Hershey-Chase blender experiment with Martha Chase in 1952. This experiment provided additional evidence that DNA, not protein, was the genetic material.

He became director of the Carnegie Institution in 1962 and was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1969, shared with Luria and Delbrück for their discovery on the replication of viruses and their genetic structure.

Hershey had one son, Peter, with his wife Harriet.

After Hershey died, another phage worker, Frank Stahl, wrote: "The Phage Church, as we were sometimes called, was led by the Trinity of Delbrück, Luria, and Hershey. Delbrück's status as founder and his "ex cathedra" manner made him the pope, of course, and Luria was the hard-working, socially sensitive priest-confessor. And Al (Hershey) was the saint." [http://www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/biomems/ahershey.html]

References

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Stahl
first=F W
authorlink=
year=2001|month=
title=Alfred Day Hershey
journal=Biographical memoirs. National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
volume=80
issue=
pages=142-59
publisher= |location = United States| issn = | pmid = 15202470
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Shampo
first=Marc A
authorlink=
coauthors=Kyle Robert A
year=2004|month=May.
title=Alfred Hershey--Nobel Prize for work in virology
journal=Mayo Clin. Proc.
volume=79
issue=5
pages=590
publisher= |location = United States| issn = 0025-6196| pmid = 15132399
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Shampo
first=M A
authorlink=
coauthors=Kyle R A
year=1999|month=Nov.
title=Max Delbrück and molecular genetics
journal=Mayo Clin. Proc.
volume=74
issue=11
pages=1124
publisher= |location = UNITED STATES| issn = 0025-6196| pmid = 10560600
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Raju
first=T N
authorlink=
year=1999|month=Aug.
title=The Nobel chronicles. 1969: Max Delbrück (1906-81); Salvador Luria (1912-91); and Alfred Hershey (1908-97)
journal=Lancet
volume=354
issue=9180
pages=784
publisher= |location = ENGLAND| issn = 0140-6736| pmid = 10475234
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Campbell
first=A
authorlink=
coauthors=Stahl F W
year=1998|month=
title=Alfred D. Hershey
journal=Annu. Rev. Genet.
volume=32
issue=
pages=1-6
publisher= |location = UNITED STATES| issn = 0066-4197| pmid = 9928472
doi = 10.1146/annurev.genet.32.1.1
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Stahl
first=F W
authorlink=
year=1998|month=May.
title=Hershey
journal=Genetics
volume=149
issue=1
pages=1-6
publisher= |location = UNITED STATES| issn = 0016-6731| pmid = 9584081
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Cairns
first=J
authorlink=
year=1997|month=Jul.
title=Alfred Hershey (1908-97)
journal=Nature
volume=388
issue=6638
pages=130
publisher= |location = ENGLAND| issn = 0028-0836| pmid = 9217149
doi = 10.1038/40529
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
year=1970|month=Feb.
title= [Nobel prize winners of 1969]
journal=Orvosi hetilap
volume=111
issue=8
pages=453-5
publisher= |location = HUNGARY| issn = 0030-6002| pmid = 4906087
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Datta
first=R K
authorlink=
coauthors=Datta B
year=1969|month=Dec.
title=Nobel prize winners in medicine
journal=Journal of the Indian Medical Association
volume=53
issue=12
pages=610-1
publisher= |location = INDIA| issn = 0019-5847| pmid = 4903713
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=de Haan
first=P G
authorlink=
year=1969|month=Dec.
title= [Delbrück, Hershey and Luria, Nobel Prize winners]
journal=Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
volume=113
issue=49
pages=2198-9
publisher= |location = NETHERLANDS| issn = 0028-2162| pmid = 4903007
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

*cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Malmgren
first=B
authorlink=
year=1969|month=Oct.
title= [The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine to 3 bacteriophage researchers]
journal=Nordisk medicin
volume=82
issue=44
pages=1369-75
publisher= |location = SWEDEN| issn = 0029-1420| pmid = 4903832
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =

External links

* [http://nobelprize.org/medicine/laureates/1969/hershey-bio.html Nobel biography]
* [http://www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/biomems/ahershey.html Biographical Memoir: Alfred Day Hershey] by Franklin W. Stahl for the National Academy of Sciences


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alfred Hershey — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hershey. Alfred Hershey. Alfred Day Hershey ( 4 décembre 1908 22 mai 1997) était un mic …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alfred Hershey — Alfred D. Hershey 1969 Alfred Day Hershey (* 4. Dezember 1908 in Owosso, Michigan; † 22. Mai 1997 in Syosset, New York) war ein US amerikanischer Biologe. Leben Hershey promovierte 1934 am Michigan State College über Bakteri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alfred Hershey — n. Alfred Day Hershey (1908 1997), United States biochemist who shared the 1969 Nobel Prize (with Salvador Luria AND Max Delbruck and ) for medicine or physiology for research on the mechanisms and materials of inheritance of viruses …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Alfred D. Hershey — Alfred Hershey Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hershey. Alfred Hershey en 1969. Alfred Day Hershey ( 4 décembre 1908 22 mai …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hershey and Chase — is the name used to refer to the Nobel Prize winning scientific team of Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase. You may be looking for these things: *Alfred Hershey *Martha Chase *Hershey Chase experiment *Deoxyribonucleic acid *Protein *Nobel Prize …   Wikipedia

  • Hershey (disambiguation) — Hershey may refer to:Places*Hershey, California *Hershey, PennsylvaniaThings*The Hershey Company, an American candy company *Hershey Creamery Company, an unrelated ice cream manufacturerPeople*Alfred Hershey, American Nobel Prize winning… …   Wikipedia

  • Hershey-Chase-Experiment — Schema des Experimentes Mit dem als Hershey Chase Experiment bekannt gewordenen Versuch konnte nachgewiesen werden, dass genetische Information in DNA und nicht in Proteinen kodiert ist. Das Experiment wurde 1952 durchgeführt von Alfred Hershey… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hershey-Chase experiment — The Hershey Chase experiments were a series of experiments conducted in 1952 by Alfred Hershey and Martha Chase, confirming that DNA was the genetic material, which had first been demonstrated in the 1944 Avery MacLeod McCarty experiment. While… …   Wikipedia

  • Hershey — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Hershey peut faire référence à : Personnes : Alfred Hershey (1908 1997), un microbiologiste et généticien américain, Barbara Hershey (1948 ),… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hershey — n. city in central Pennsylvania (USA); family name; Milton Hershey (1857 1946) United States philanthropist and industrialist who founded the Hershey Chocolate Company in 1903 and founded the city of Hershey (Pennsylvania, USA) in 1909; Alfred… …   English contemporary dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.