Agoracritus


Agoracritus

Agoracritus (Greek polytonic|Ἀγοράκριτος, fl. late 5th century BC) was a famous statuary and sculptor in ancient Greece,Citation | last = Mason | first = Charles Peter | author-link = | contribution = Agoracritus | editor-last = Smith | editor-first = William | title = Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology | volume = 1 | pages = 75 | publisher = Little, Brown and Company | place = Boston | year = 1867 | contribution-url = http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/0084.html ] born on the island of Paros, who flourished from about Olympiad 85 to 88, that is, from about 436 to 424 BC.Pliny, "Naturalis Historia" xxxvi. 5. s. 4] He was the favourite pupil and beloved of Phidias, who is even said by Pliny to have inscribed some of his own works with the name of his disciple.Pausanias, "Description of Greece" ix. 34. § 1]

Only four of his works are mentioned, viz. a statue of Zeus and one of Athena Itonia in the temple of that goddess at Athens; a statue, probably of Cybele, in the temple of the Great Goddess at Athens; and the Rhamnusian Nemesis. Respecting this last work there has been a great deal of discussion. The account which Pliny gives of it is that Agoracritus contended with Alcamenes (another distinguished disciple of Phidias) in making a statue of Venus; and that the Athenians, through an undue partiality towards their countryman, awarded the victory to Alcamenes. Agoracritus, indignant at his defeat, made some slight alterations so as to change his Venus into a Nemesis (the goddess of retribution or revenge), and sold it to the people of Rhamnus on the condition that it should never be set up in Athens.

Pausanias, without saying a word about Agoracritus, says that the Rhamnusian Nemesis was the work of Phidias, and was made out of the block of Parian marble which the Persians under Datis and Artaphernes brought with them for the purpose of setting up a trophy. [See Theteaetus and Parmenio, "Anthol. Gr. Planud." iv. 12, 221, 222] This account however has been overwhelmingly rejected as involving a confusion of the ideas connected by the Greeks with the goddess Nemesis.Citation | last = Stewart | first = Anthony F. | author-link = | contribution = Agoracritus | editor-last = Hornblower | editor-first = Simon | title = Oxford Classical Dictionary | volume = | pages = | publisher = Oxford University Press | place = Oxford | year = 1996 | contribution-url = ] The statue moreover was not of Parian, but of Pentelic marble. ["The Unedited Antiquities of Attica, p. 43] Strabo, John Tzetzes, the Suda and Photius give other variations in speaking of this statue. [Strabo, ix. p. 396] [John Tzetzes, "Chiliades" vii. 154] It seems generally agreed that Pliny's account of the matter is correct in most of the particulars; and there have been various dissertations on the way in which a statue of Venus could have been changed into one of Nemesis. [Johann Joachim Winckelmann, "Sämmtliche Werke" von J. Eiselein, vol. v. p. 364] [Jörgen Zoega, "Abhandlungen", pp. 56—62] [Karl Otfried Müller, "Arch. d. Kunst" p. 102]

As late as the early 20th century, part of this statue's head were in the British Museum; some fragments of the reliefs which adorned the pedestal were in the museum at Athens. ["Encyclopedia Britannica", 1911, "Agoracritus"] By the beginning of the 21st century, enough fragments had been recovered (including the base) that a partial reconstruction of Agoracritus' Nemesis was performed in Rhamnus. In it, Nemesis is depicted holding an apple branch and a phiale, wearing a crown decorated with deer. The base depicts Leda showing Helen to Tyndareus.

"Agoracritus" is also a character (the sausage seller) in Greek playwright Aristophanes' play "The Knights".

References

Other sources

*SmithDGRBM
*1911


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • AGORACRITUS — Parius statuarius, Phidiae discipulus. Plin. l. 36. c. 5. Hic creditur Veneris Rhamnusiae signum effinxisse. Nam cum de facienda Venere cum Alcamene discipulo conrenderer, suffragiô imperiti populi, non arte superatus, usque adeo rei indignitare… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Agoracritus — or Agorakritos flourished 5th century BC Greek sculptor. A student of Phidias, his most notable work was the colossal marble statue of Nemesis at Rhamnus. A fragment of the head is in the British Museum, and fragments of the pedestal reliefs are… …   Universalium

  • АГОРАКРИТ —    • Agoracritus,          Άγοράκριτος, см. Sculptores, Скульптуры 6 …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Agorácrito — Agorácrito, (en griego Ἀγοράκριτος) fue un escultor griego del siglo V a. C.[1] Nació en la isla de Paros y fue discípulo de Fidias, siendo su más notable obra la colosal estatua de mármol de Némesis que se hizo en Ramnunte. Hasta… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pederastic relationships in classical antiquity — for other times and places In classical antiquity there were many known pederastic relationships between adult men and adolescent boys. In some of these cases both members became well known historical figures, while in others, only one of the two …   Wikipedia

  • NEMESIS — I. NEMESIS Dea scelerum ultrix. Iovis, et Necessitatis, vel Oceani et Noctis filia, puniens im moderatos, et impudentes, unde eius iram deprecabantur, qui loquebantur de se. Vide Callimachum Hymnoin Cererem, v. 56. Euripidem in Phoenissis, v. 189 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Phidias — (or Pheidias; in ancient Greek, Polytonic|Φειδίας; c.480 BCndash c.430 BC), son of Charmides [Not the Charmides who participated in the tyranny at Athens.] was an ancient Greek sculptor, painter and architect, commonly regarded as one of the… …   Wikipedia

  • The Knights — Infobox Play | name = The Knights caption = Sketch of Aristophanes writer = Aristophanes chorus = knights characters = Demosthenes Nicias Agoracritus (Sausage Seller) Cleon Demos setting = First outside Demos house and then at the Pnyx at… …   Wikipedia

  • Paros — For the town in Armenia, see Nagapetavan. For the Romanian village of Paroş, see Sălaşu de Sus. Paros Πάρος From upper left: Parikia, Panagia Ek …   Wikipedia

  • List of ancient Greeks — This an alphabetical list of ancient Greeks. These include ethnic Greeks and Greek language speakers from Greece and the Mediterranean world up to about 200 AD. compactTOCRelated articles NOTOC A*Acacius of Caesarea bishop of Caesarea… …   Wikipedia


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.