A-135 anti-ballistic missile system


A-135 anti-ballistic missile system

The A-135 or ABM-3 anti-ballistic missile system is a Russian military complex deployed around Moscow to counter enemy missiles targeting the city or its surrounding areas. A successor to the previous A-35, it reached alert status on February 17th, 1995. It is compliant with the now-defunct 1972 ABM Treaty, in its upper limit. ABM-3 was considered to be technologically equivalent to the United States Safeguard system of the 1970s. [GlobalSecurity.org. [http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/russia/abm3.htm -135 anti-ballistic missile system] .]

An integrated system, it is composed by:
*Two Daryal-type (Pechora to the west) bistatic phased-array early warning radars, [GlobalSecurity.org. [http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/russia/daryal.htm Pechora LPAR - Daryal] .] deployed at Pechora and Qabala radar in Qabala, Azerbaijan (coord|40|52|14.6|N|47|48|09.6|E) [GlobalSecurity.org. [http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/russia/qabala.htm Qabala / Gabala - (Lyaki / Mingacevir / Mingechaur) ] . Coordinates from NIMA / NGA imagery.] Five other Daryal sites have never been completed.
*Hen House radars at Mishelevka, Olenegorsk, Sary Shagan, Kamchatka and Abalakova.
*The Pushkino Don-2NP (aka Pill Box to the west) large battle-management phased-array radar with 360º coverage for the long-range interceptors supplementing the Dog House and Cat House radars.(coord|56|10|30|N|37|45|54|E ) [GlobalSecurity.org. [http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/russia/pill_box.htm Don-2NP Pill Box] .]
*The ABM-3 phased-array short-range battle management radar, replacing the Try Add radars.
*16 launchers of long-range "SH-11 Gorgon" exoatmospheric interceptor missiles at two launch sites with eight missiles each (coord|56|14|55.40|N|38|35|13.18|E and coord|55|20|49.70|N|36|28|59.08|E), though originally designed with nuclear warheads. Comparable to LIM-49A Spartan (at least in function).
*68 launchers of short-range "SH-08 Gazelle" endoatmospheric interceptor missiles at five launch sites with 12 or 16 missiles each, though originally designed with nuclear warheads. Similar to Sprint (missile).
*Command, communications and intelligence services.

The A-135 system is currently operational although its SH-11 component is deactivated (as of February 2007).

References

External links

* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/russia/abm3.htm Globalsecurity.org on the A-135 anti-ballistic missile system] .


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