- Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean
native_name = "Îles éparses de l'océan indien"
conventional_long_name = Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean
symbol_type = Coat of arms
national_motto = "
Liberté, égalité, fraternité"
map_caption = Location of the
Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean:
• 1 :
Bassas da India• 2 : Europa Island• 3 : Glorioso Islands• 4 : Juan de Nova Island• 5 : Tromelin Island(KM : Comoros, MG : Madagascar, MU : Mauritius, MZ : Mozambique, RE : Reunion, YT : Mayotte)The Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (French: "Îles Éparses" or "Îles éparses de l'océan indien") consist of four small coral islands and an atoll in the Indian Ocean. They have no permanent population. Three of the islands, the Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova, and Europa, as well as the Bassas da Indiaatoll, lie in the Mozambique Channel west of Madagascar, while the fourth island, Tromelin, lies about 220 miles east of Madagascar. Also in the Mozambique Channel is the Banc du Geyser, which was annexed by Madagascar in 1976. France continues to view the Banc du Geyseras part of the Îles Éparses.
According to new law 2007-224 of February 21, 2007, the Scattered Islands constitute the 5th district of
French Southern and Antarctic Lands[http://www.taaf.fr/rubriques/iles/iles_introduction.htm] .
The islands have been classified as
nature reserves. Except for Bassas da India, they all support meteorological stations. The meteorological stations on the Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova, and Europa Islandare automated. The station on Tromelin Island, in particular, provides warning of cyclones threatening Madagascar, Reunion, or Mauritius. Each of the islands, except Bassas da India, has an airstrip of more than 1,000 metres. Mauritius, the Comoros, Seychelles, and Madagascardispute France's sovereignty over the islands. Mauritiusclaims Tromelin; the Comorosand Seychellesclaim the Glorioso Islands; and Madagascarclaims the remaining islands.
Bassas da India
**Ten unnamed rock islets
**Eight unnamed rock islets
**Île du Lys
**Verte Rocks (three islets)
**Three unnamed islets
Juan de Nova Island
January 3, 2005, the Îles Éparses have been administered on behalf of the French state by the senior administrator of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands("TAAF" — "les Terres Australes et Antartiques Françaises"), based in Réunion. The Îles Éparses had previously been under the administration of the prefect of Réunionsince the independence of Madagascarin 1960. Francemaintains a military garrison of around 14 troops on each of the islands in the Mozambique Channelthat are claimed by Madagascar. The Glorioso Islands are also claimed by the Comoros, while Mauritiusclaims Tromelin Island. Franceclaims an Exclusive Economic Zone(EEZ) of 200 nautical milesaround each of the small islands in the Îles Éparses, which together with the EEZ claims for the islands of Réunionand Mayottetotals more than one million square kilometres in the western Indian Ocean. There is considerable overlap of the EEZ with the neighbouring states.
French overseas departments and territories
Administrative divisions of France
Islands controlled by France in the Indian and Pacific Oceans
French Southern and Antarctic Lands
* [http://www.outre-mer.gouv.fr/outremer/front?id=outremer/decouvrir_outre_mer/les_iles_eparses_1049904806609 Official site] (in French)
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