- Philip of Opus
Philip (or Philippus) of
Opus, Greece, was a philosopher and a member of the Academy during Plato's lifetime. Philip was the editor of Plato's Laws. Philip of Opus is probably identical with the Philip of Medma(or Mende), the astronomer, who is also described as a disciple of Plato.
Plato's "Laws" and "Epinomis"
Diogenes Laërtius, Philip of Opus was a disciple of Plato, [Diogenes Laërtius, iii. 37, 46] who was responsible for transcribing Plato's "Laws" into twelve books, and writing the thirteenth book (the " Epinomis") himself:
Some say that Philip the Opuntian transcribed his [Plato's] work, "Laws", which was written in wax [wooden tablets coated with wax] . They also say that the "In the "
Epinomis" [the thirteenth book of the "Laws"] , is his. [Diogenes Laërtius, iii. 37] Suda", Philip is listed anonymously under the heading of "philosophos" ("philosopher"), his name being lost from the beginning of the entry:
Philosopher who divided the "Laws" of Plato into 12 books; for he himself is said to have added the 13th. And he was a pupil of Socrates and of Plato himself, occupied with the study of the heavens. Living in the time of Philip of Macedon, he wrote the following: "On the distance of the sun and moon"; "On gods"; "On time"; "On myths"; "On freedom"; "On anger"; "On reciprocation"; "On the Opuntian Lokrians"; "On pleasure"; "On passion"; "On friends and friendship"; "On writing"; "On Plato"; "On eclipse(s) of the moon"; "On the size of the sun and moon and earth"; "On lightning"; "On the planets"; "Arithmetic"; "On prolific numbers"; "Optics"; "Enoptics"; "Kykliaka"; "Means"; etc. [ [http://www.stoa.org/sol-bin/findentry.pl?keywords=phi+418 Suda, "Philosophos"] ]Since the entry is located under the heading "philosophos", the defect presumably existed in the source from which the "Suda" borrowed. It was not until the 18th century when Ludolf Kuster, the editor of the "Suda", [Ludolf Kuster, "Suidae Lexicon", Cambridge, 1705] identified this anonymous entry with the Philip of Opus mentioned by Diogenes Laërtius.
Philip the astronomer
Because he is indentified in the Suda as an
astronomer, it is generally assumed that Philip of Opus is the same person as Philip of Medma, (also called Philip of Mende) [The tradition of calling him "Philip of Mende" seems to have arisen from the Latintranslation of Proclus, by Francesco Barocius, (lib. ii. c. 4) which is presumably an error of either of the printer or translator, or perhaps of the manuscript.] who was an astronomer and mathematicianand a disciple of Plato. Philip of Medma is mentioned by several ancient writers, such as Vitruvius, [Vitruvius, "Architect." ix. 7, s. ut alii 4] Pliny the Elder, [Pliny, "Naturalis Historia", xviii. 31. s. 74] Plutarch, [Plutarch, "Quod non possit suaviter vivi secund. Epicur. Opera"] (who states that he demonstrated the figure of the Moon), Proclus, [Proclus, "In I. Euclid. Element. Lib. Commentar."] and Alexander of Aphrodisias. His astronomical observations were made in the Peloponneseand in Locris(where Opus was a principal city), and were used by the astronomers Hipparchus, Geminus of Rhodes, and Ptolemy. He is said by Stephanus of Byzantium[Stephanus, "De Urbibus s. v. Medme"] to have written a treatise on the winds.
* Tarán, Leonardo. "Academica: Plato, Philip of Opus, and the pseudo-Platonic Epinomis". Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1975.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Philip — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Philip, Phillip, or Filip imagesize= caption= pronunciation= IPA|fɪlɪp gender = Male meaning = Lover of horses region = origin = Greek: Φίλιππος related names = Filipe, Filippo footnotes = Philip is a personal… … Wikipedia
Philip Wylie — Philip Gordon Wylie (May 12, 1902 ndash; October 25, 1971) was a U.S. author. He also wrote as Leatrice Homesley .BiographyBorn in Beverly, Massachusetts, he was the son of Presbyterian minister Edmund Melville Wylie and the former Edna Edwards,… … Wikipedia
Philip Burdon — Philip Ralph Burdon (born 1939) is a former New Zealand politician and lawyer by profession. He also farmed mushrooms. He was an MP from 1981 to 1996, representing the National Party. He was first elected to Parliament in the 1981 elections as MP … Wikipedia
Philip Krumm — (born on April 7, 1941 in Baltimore, MD) is an American composer who was a pioneer of modal, repetitive pattern music [88 Keys to Freedom: Segues Through the History of American Piano Music. [http://lasso.euge.net/article.nmbx?id=2274] (Accessed… … Wikipedia
Opus Dei — For other uses, see Opus Dei (disambiguation). Opus Dei Seal of the Prelature of the Holy Cross and Opus Dei Formation October 2, 1928 (1928 10 02) … Wikipedia
Philip Spener — Philipp Jacob Spener Pour les articles homonymes, voir Spener. Philipp Jacob Spener Philipp Jacob Spener, né à Ribeauvillé ( … Wikipédia en Français
Philippos von Opus — (griechisch Φίλιππος ὁ Όπούντιος) war ein antiker griechischer Philosoph des 4. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. Er verfasste neben philosophischen Schriften auch Abhandlungen über astronomische, meteorologische und mathematische Themen, die bis auf… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Controversies about Opus Dei — Opus Dei is one of the most controversial movements within the Roman Catholic Church. While it is supported by various Popes and conservative Catholic leaders, many opponents allege it applies cult like practices in recruitment. Others criticizes … Wikipedia
GLASS, PHILIP — (1937– ), U.S. composer and performer. Born in Baltimore, Glass began to study violin at six and flute at eight. At 12, he started composing while working at his father s record shops after school. At 15, he entered the University of Chicago… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Attalus I — ( el. polytonic|Ἄτταλος), surnamed Soter ( el. polytonic|Σωτὴρ, Savior ; 269 BC ndash; 197 BC) [Livy, [http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/txt/ah/Livy/Livy33.html 33.21–22] , says that Attalus died in the consulship of Cornelius and Minucius (197 BC) at… … Wikipedia