List of tallest buildings in New York City


List of tallest buildings in New York City
View from the GE Building (30 Rockefeller Plaza) by day
View by sunset

This list of tallest buildings in New York City ranks skyscrapers in that city by height.

Contents

Overview

Tallest. Subsequent to the destruction of the two primary World Trade Center buildings, the city's tallest building is the 102-story Empire State Building in midtown Manhattan, the basic structure of which, completed in 1931, rises 1,250 feet (381 meters), increased to 1,454 feet (443 m) by its superstructures.[1] It also is the third-tallest building in the United States and the fifteenth-tallest building in the world, and stood as the tallest building in the world from its completion until 1972.

Next. The second-tallest building is the Bank of America Tower, 1,200 feet (366 m) high, including the spire.[2]

Third. Tied for the third tallest are the 1,046-foot (319 m) Chrysler Building, which was the world's tallest building from 1930 until 1931,[3] and the New York Times Building (2007).

History

The history of skyscrapers in New York City began with the completion of the World Building in 1890; the structure rose 348 feet (106 m).[4] Though not the city's first high-rise, it was the first building to surpass the 284-foot (87 m) spire of Trinity Church.[5] The World Building, which stood as the tallest in the city until 1899, was demolished in 1955 to allow for the construction of an expanded entrance to the Brooklyn Bridge.[5]

New York has played a prominent role in the development of the skyscraper; since 1890, eleven structures in the city having held the title of world's tallest building.[6] New York City went through a very early high-rise construction boom that lasted from the early 1910s to the early 1930s, during which 16 of the city's 82 tallest buildings were built—including the Bank of Manhattan Trust Building, the Chrysler Building and the Empire State Building, each of which was the tallest in the world at the time of its completion.[6]

A second skyscraper boom began about 1960. Since then, the city has seen the completion of nearly 70 structures rising at least 600 feet (183 m) high, including the twin towers of the World Trade Center. The North Tower, "One World Trade Center", was the tallest building in the world from 1972 until 1973 and the tallest building in New York City until 2001.[7] The North Tower, as well as the other six buildings in the World Trade Center complex, were destroyed in the September 11 attacks of 2001.[8]

Concentration

New York skyscrapers are concentrated in Midtown and Lower Manhattan, although other neighborhoods of Manhattan and the boroughs of Brooklyn, Queens and The Bronx also have significant amounts of high-rises. As of January 2011, the entire city has 216 buildings that rise at least 492 feet (150 m) in height, including those under construction[9]—more than any other city in the United States.[10] As of August 2010, there were 5,912 completed high-rises in the city.[11]

Construction

Since 2003, New York City has seen the completion of 12 buildings that rise at least 600 feet (183 m) in height. Fifteen more are under construction, including the 1,776-foot (541 m) One World Trade Center (formerly known as Freedom Tower).[12] It is part of the complex that will replace the destroyed World Trade Center; this complex also includes the under construction 1,350-foot (411 m) 200 Greenwich Street,[13] the under construction 1,240-foot (378 m) 175 Greenwich Street,[14] the under construction 975-foot (297 m) 150 Greenwich Street,[15] the approved 743-foot (226 m) 130 Liberty Street,[16] and the completed 741-foot (226 m) 7 World Trade Center.[17] As of June 2008, there were 338 high-rise buildings under construction, approved for construction or proposed for construction in New York City.[18]

New York City panorama from Hoboken, New Jersey

Tallest buildings

There are over 975,000 buildings in New York City. This list ranks New York City skyscrapers that stand at least 600 feet (183 m) tall, based on standard height measurement. This includes spires and architectural details but does not include antenna masts. An equal sign (=) following a rank indicates the same height between two or more buildings. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

Rank Name Image Height
ft / m
Floors Year Notes
1 Empire State Building Empire State Building from the Top of the Rock.jpg 1,250/381 102 1931 17th-tallest building in the world, 3rd-tallest in the United States. First building in the world to contain over 100 floors. Built in just 14 months during the Great Depression, it was the tallest building in the world from its completion in 1931 until the World Trade Center was completed in 1972, and has been New York City's tallest building since the World Trade Center was destroyed in the aerial attacks of September 11, 2001[1][19] See Tallest destroyed, below.
2 Bank of America Tower OBP - Ext - 42nd East.jpg 1,200 / 366 54 2008 18th-tallest building in the world,
4th-tallest in the United States.[2][20]
First skyscraper to receive a Platinum LEED certification.
3 Chrysler Building Chrysler Building by David Shankbone.jpg 1,050/ 320 77 1930 33rd-tallest building in the world,
7th-tallest in the United States.
First building in the world to rise higher than 1,000 ft (305 m). Stood as the tallest building in the world from 1930 until 1931. Tallest all-brick building in the world.[3][21]
4 New York Times Building Ny-times-tower.jpg 1,046 / 319 52 2007 33rd-tallest building in the world,
8th-tallest in the United States.
Also known as the Times Tower.[22][23]
5 American International Building AIB-NYC-gp.jpg 952 / 290 66 1932 44th-tallest building in the world,
16th-tallest in the United States.
Formerly known as the Cities Service Building.[24][25]
6 40 Wall Street 40 Wall Street.jpg 927 / 283 70 1930 53rd-tallest building in the world,
20th-tallest in the United States.
Was world's tallest building for one day in 1930.
Also known as the Trump Building;
formerly the Bank of Manhattan Trust Building.[26][27]
7 Citigroup Center Citigroup center.jpg 915 / 279 59 1977 58th-tallest building in the world,
22nd-tallest in the United States.
Formerly known as the Citicorp Center.[28][29]
8 8 Spruce Street (Beekman) Beekman Tower fr BB jeh.jpg 876 / 267 76 2010 Topped out[30][31] Completed in February 2011.
9 Trump World Tower Trumpworldtower 23may2005.jpg 861 / 262 72 2001 79th-tallest building in the world,
28th-tallest in the United States.
Tallest all-residential building in New York City
and the United States.[32][33]
10 GE Building GE Building.jpg 850 / 259 70 1933 93rd-tallest building in the world,
32nd-tallest in the United States.
Formerly known as the RCA Building. Colloquially referred to as 30 Rock.[34][35]
11 CitySpire Center Cityspire.jpg 814 / 248 75 1987 123rd-tallest building in the world,
39th-tallest in the United States.[36][37]
12 One Chase Manhattan Plaza One Chase Manhattan Plaza 1.jpg 813 / 248 60 1961 125th-tallest building in the world,
40th-tallest in the United States.[38][39]
13 Condé Nast Building 4timessquare 23may2005.JPG 809 / 247 48 1999 130th-tallest building in the world,
41st-tallest in the United States.
Also known as Four Times Square.[40][41]
14 MetLife Building Walter Gropius photo MetLife Building fassade New York USA 2005-10-03.jpg 808 / 246 59 1963 131st-tallest building in the world,
42nd-tallest in the United States.
Formerly known as the Pan Am Building.[42][43]
15 Bloomberg Tower Bloomberg tower.jpg 806 / 246 54 2005 132nd-tallest building in the world,
43rd-tallest in the United States.[44][45]
16 Woolworth Building Woolworth bldg nov2005c.jpg 792 / 241 57 1913 148th-tallest building in the world,
44th-tallest in the United States.[46][47]
It was the tallest building in the world from 1913 until 1930.
17 One Worldwide Plaza Wwp50roof.JPG 778 / 237 50 1989 175th-tallest building in the world,
53rd-tallest in the United States.[48][49]
18 Carnegie Hall Tower Carnegie Hall Tower.JPG 757 / 231 60 1991 199th-tallest building in the world,
61st-tallest in the United States.[50][51]
19 383 Madison Avenue BearStearns.JPG 755 / 230 47 2001 64th-tallest building in the United States.
Formerly known as
the Bear Stearns World Headquarters.[52][53]
20 AXA Center AXA Center from GE Building, cropped.jpg 752 / 229 54 1986 65th-tallest building in the United States.
Formerly known as the Equitable Building
and Equitable Center West.[54][55]
21= One Penn Plaza One Penn Plaza by David Shankbone.jpg 750 / 229 57 1972 66th-tallest building in the United States.[56][57]
21= 1251 Avenue of the Americas 1251 Avenue of the Americas.JPG 750 / 229 54 1971 66th-tallest building in the United States.
Also known as the Exxon Building.[58][59]
21= Time Warner Center South Tower Time Warner Center May 2010.JPG 750 / 229 55 2004 66th-tallest building in the United States.[60][61]
21= Time Warner Center North Tower Time Warner Center May 2010.JPG 750 / 229 55 2004 66th-tallest building in the United States.[61][62]
25 200 West Street GoldmanSachsHeadquarters.JPG 749 / 228 44 2010
26= 60 Wall Street 60 Wall Street building.jpg 745 / 227 55 1989 73rd-tallest building in the United States.
Also known as the Deutsche Bank Headquarters.[63][64]
26= One Astor Plaza One Astor Plaza May 2010.JPG 745 / 227 54 1972 73rd-tallest building in the United States.[65][66]
28 One Liberty Plaza 0013TIARA P1000433.JPG 743 / 226 54 1973 76th-tallest building in the United States.
Formerly known as the U.S. Steel Building.[67][68]
29= 20 Exchange Place 20 Exchange Place Tower 111.JPG 741 / 226 57 1931 77th-tallest building in the United States.
Formerly known as
the City Bank-Farmers Trust Building.[69][70]
29= 7 World Trade Center Wtc7-2006-0911.jpg 741 / 226 49 2006 77th-tallest building in the United States.[17][71]
31 Three World Financial Center World Financial Center.jpg 739 / 225 51 1986 also known as American Express Tower 81st-tallest building in the United States.[72][73]
32 Bertelsmann Building Bertlesman-tower.jpg 733 / 223 42 1990 85th-tallest building in the United States.[74][75]
33 Times Square Tower TimesSquareTower.jpg 726 / 221 47 2004 92nd-tallest building in the United States.[76][77]
34 Metropolitan Tower Metro Carnegie towers fr W58 jeh.jpg 716 / 218 68 1987 98th-tallest building in the United States.[78][79]
35 500 Fifth Avenue 500 Fifth Avenue Panorama.jpg 709 / 216 60 1931 101st-tallest building in the United States.[80][81]
36 JP Morgan Chase World Headquarters WTM by official-ly cool 100.JPG 707 / 215 52 1960 104th-tallest building in the United States.[82][83]
37 General Motors Building Sherry Netherland Hotel jeh.JPG 705 / 215 50 1968 105th-tallest building in the United States.[84][85]
38 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower Metropolitan Life Tower April 2008.jpg 700 / 213 50 1909 106th-tallest building in the United States.[86][87]
Was world's tallest building when completed in 1909.
39 Americas Tower Americas-tower.jpg 692 / 211 50 1992 [88][89]
40 Solow Building SolowBuilding.jpg 689 / 210 50 1974 [90][91]
41 HSBC Bank Building WSTM-CornFedChicks0078.JPG 688 / 210 52 1967 Also known as Marine Midland Building.[92][93]
43= 55 Water Street 55 Water Street with north wing.JPG 687 / 209 53 1972 [94][95]
43= 277 Park Avenue 277parkave.jpg 687 / 209 50 1962 [96][97]
44 1585 Broadway Morgan-stanley-building.jpg 685 / 209 42 1989 Also known as
the Morgan Stanley World Headquarters.[98][99]
45 Random House Tower Random-house2.jpg 684 / 208 52 2003 [100][101]
46 Four Seasons Hotel New York 4 seasons hotel NY 56 jeh.jpg 682 / 208 52 1993 Tallest all-hotel building in the city.[102][103]
47 McGraw-Hill Building McGraw-Hill Building Rock Center by David Shankbone.jpg 674 / 205 51 1969 Also known as 1221 Avenue of the Americas.[104][105]
49= Lincoln Building Lincoln Building NYC.jpg 673 / 205 55 1930 [106][107]
49= Barclay Tower WSTM Mark Frank 0076.jpg 673 / 205 56 2007 [108][109]
50 Paramount Plaza Paramount-plaza.jpg 670 / 204 48 1971 [110][111]
51 440 West 42nd Street 669 / 204 55 2011 Also known as MiMa[112]
52 Trump Tower Trump tower.jpg 664 / 202 58 1983 [113][114]
53 One Court Square Citicorp giant Whale Creek jeh.jpg 658 / 201 50 1990 Tallest building in New York City outside of Manhattan.
Tallest building on Long Island
and in the Borough of Queens.
Formerly known as the Citigroup Building.[115][116]
54 1 Wall Street 1 Wall Street.jpg 654 / 199 50 1931 [117][118]
55= 599 Lexington Avenue 599 Lexington Avenue.jpg 653 / 199 50 1986 [119][120]
55= Silver Towers Silver Towers jeh.JPG 653 / 199 57 2009
57 712 5th Avenue 712FifthNYC.jpg 650 / 198 52 1990 [121][122]
58 Chanin Building Chanin Building, side up.jpg 649 / 198 56 1930 [123][124]
59 245 Park Avenue 245parkNYC.jpg 648 / 198 44 1966 [125][126]
60 Sony Tower Sony Building by David Shankbone.jpg 647 / 197 37 1984 Formerly known as the AT&T Building.[127][128]
61 Two World Financial Center World Financial Center.jpg 645 / 197 44 1987 [129][130]
62= One New York Plaza One New York Plaza.jpg 640 / 195 50 1969 [131][132]
62= 570 Lexington Avenue IMG 1035 edited.jpg 640 / 195 50 1931 Also known as the General Electric Building.[133][134]
64 345 Park Avenue 345park.jpg 634 / 193 44 1969 [135][136]
65 400 Fifth Avenue 631 / 192.3 57 2010 [137][138]
66= W. R. Grace Building Grace Building NYC.jpg 630 / 192 50 1971 [139][140]
66= Home Insurance Plaza WSTM-CornFedChicks0080.JPG 630 / 192 45 1966 [141][142]
66= 1095 Avenue of the Americas 1095 Avenue of the Americas and Bank of America Tower.jpg 630 / 192 40 1974 Also known as Verizon World Headquarters.[143][144]
66= W New York Downtown, Hotel and Residences - 630 / 192 57 2010 [145]
70 101 Park Avenue 101park, Manhattan.jpg 629 / 192 49 1982 [146][147]
71= One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza 1-dag.jpg 628 / 191 49 1972 [148][149]
71= Central Park Place Central-park-place-Manhattan.jpg 628 / 191 56 1988 [150][151]
71= 888 7th Avenue 888seventhManhattan.jpg 628 / 191 46 1971 [152][153]
74= Waldorf-Astoria Hotel Waldorf-Astoria, New York City, 2006.jpeg 625 / 191 47 1931 [154][155]
74= Burlington House Burlington-house-nyc.jpg 625 / 191 50 1969 [156][157]
76 Trump Palace Condominiums Trump-palace1.jpg 623 / 190 54 1991 [158][159]
77 One Madison Park One Madison Park from Madison Square Park.jpg 621/189 60 2010
78= Olympic Tower Olympic Tower NY by David Shankbone.JPG 620 / 189 51 1976 [160][161]
78= Mercantile Building 10 E 40th Street NYC.jpg 620 / 189 48 1929 Also known as 10 East 40th Street.[162][163]
80 425 5th Avenue WTM3 NYU FC 2 0073.jpg 618 / 188 55 2003 [164][165]
81= The Epic Theepic.jpg 615 / 187 58 2007 [166][167]
81= 919 Third Avenue 919thirdave.jpg 615 / 187 47 1971 [168][169]
81= New York Life Building New York Life Building 2.jpg 615 / 187 40 1928 [170][171]
81= 750 7th Avenue 750seventh.jpg 615 / 187 40 1989 [172][173]
85 Eventi Eventi Hotel 851 6th Av jeh.jpg 614 / 187.1 46 2010 [174]
86 Tower 49 Tower 49-01.jpg 614 / 187 45 1985 [175][176]
87 Credit Lyonnais Building Credi- Lyonnais-building.jpg 609 / 186 45 1964 [177][178]
88 The Orion Team Alaska 0048.jpg 604 / 184 58 2006 [179][180]
89 590 Madison Avenue 590-madison-avenue.jpg 603 / 184 41 1983 Also known as the IBM Building.[181][182]
90= Marsh & McLennan Headquarters Marsh & McLennan Headquarters at 1166 Avenue of the Americas.jpg 600 / 183 44 1974 [183]
90= 11 Times Square 600/183 40 2010 Also known as Times Square Plaza[184]
Skyline of Midtown Manhattan, as seen from the observation deck of the GE Building

Tallest buildings by pinnacle height

This lists ranks buildings in New York City based on pinnacle height measurement, which includes antenna masts. Standard architectural height measurement, which excludes antennas in building height, is included for comparative purposes. The Chrysler and New York Times buildings have the same height and rank (both pinnacle and standard heights).

The Condé Nast Building, the third-tallest building in New York when measuring by pinnacle height
Pinn.
Rank
Std.
Rank
Name Pinnacle
height
ft (m)
Standard
height
ft (m)
Floors
Year
Sources
1 1 Empire State Building 1,454 (443) 1,250 (381) 102 1931 [19][185][186]
2 2 Bank of America Tower 1,200 (366) 1,200 (366) 54 2009 [2][20]
3 12 Condé Nast Building 1,118 (341) 809 (247) 48 1999 [40][41]
4 3 Chrysler Building 1,046 (319) 1,046 (319) 77 1931 [3][21]
4 3 New York Times Building 1,046 (319) 1,046 (319) 52 2007 [22][23]
6 5 American International Building 952 (290) 952 (290) 66 1932 [24][25]
7 14 Bloomberg Tower 941 (287) 806 (246) 54 2005 [44][45]
8 6 40 Wall Street 927 (283) 927 (283) 70 1930 [26][27]
9 7 Citigroup Center 915 (279) 915 (279) 59 1977 [28][29]
10 8 Trump World Tower 861 (262) 861 (262) 72 2001 [32][33]

Tallest building by borough

This lists the tallest building in each borough of New York City based on standard height measurement. The "Year" column indicates the year in which a building was completed.

Borough Name Height
ft (m)
Floors
Year
Source
Bronx Harlem River Park Towers I & II 404 (123) 44 1975
Brooklyn Brooklyner 512 (156 m) 51 2009 [187]
Manhattan Empire State Building 1,250 (381) 102 1931 [1]
---Harlem Annenberg Building 436 (133) 26 1976
---Chinatown Confucius Plaza 433 (132) 44 1976
Queens One Court Square 658 (201) 50 1990 [115]
Staten Island Castleton Park Towers 05.0unavailable 20 1976 [188]

Tallest under construction, approved or proposed

Under construction

This lists buildings that are currently under construction in New York City, the construction of which has not been cancelled or suspended in any way, and are expected to rise to a height of at least 600 feet (183 m). Buildings under construction that have already been "topped out" are also included. For buildings whose heights have not yet been released by their developers, this table uses a floor count of 50 stories as the cutoff.

Name Image Height
ft / m
Floors Year Notes
One World Trade Center 9.14.11FreedomTowerByLuigiNovi6.jpg 1,776 / 541 105 2013 One World Trade Center, formerly known as the "Freedom Tower",[189] will become the tallest building in the city and one of the tallest in the western hemisphere upon completion. The tower's roof will be 1,368 feet (417 m) high, but will be topped out by a 408-foot (124-m) spire. Tallest building in Lower Manhattan since July 2011[12][190] [12][191]
Two World Trade Center 1,350 / 411 79 2014 Also known as 200 Greenwich Street.
Three World Trade Center 1,240 / 378 71 2014 Also known as 175 Greenwich Street.
Carnegie 57 1,005 / 306 75 2013 Upon completion will become the tallest mixed-use tower in the city and the tallest concrete-structure building in New York City [192][193]
Four World Trade Center 975 / 297 64 2013 Also known as 150 Greenwich Street.[15][194]
99 Church Street
912 / 278 68 2014 Construction suspended[195]
56 Leonard Street 796 / 243 58 2013 Construction suspended[196]
50 West Street 725 / 221 63 2015 Construction suspended[197]
1715 Broadway - 751 / 229 68 2014 [198][199]

Approved

This lists buildings that are approved for construction in New York City, have not yet begun, and are expected to rise at least 600 feet (183 m) in height. Buildings whose construction has been halted or suspended are also included.

Name Height
ft / m
Floors Year Notes
15 Penn Plaza 9001,198 / 365 62 2014 Approved[200][201]
GiraSole 9101,060 / 323 60 2013 [202]
Tower Verre 9201,050 / 320 75 2013 Also known as the MoMA Expansion Tower and 53 West 53rd Street.[203][204]
20 Times Square 855 / 260.6 42 [205]
130 Liberty Street 743 / 226 42 2014 Also known as Five World Trade Center.[206]
250 East 57th St. 715 / 218 59 Phase 1 of construction has begun which includes a construction of new public schools. Once Phase 1 is completed in 2012, construction of the tower will begin.[207]
Nobu Hotel and Residences 650 / 198 62 [208]

Proposed

Artist's rendition of the proposed Hudson Place Towers

This lists buildings, expected to rise at least 600 feet (183 m) in height, that have been proposed, but not yet approved, for construction in New York City.

Name Height
ft / m
Floors
Year
Notes
Hudson Place North Tower 9801,279 / 340 64 2015 [209]
Manhattan West Tower I 9701,216 / 371 66 2015 [210]
Hudson Place South Tower 960997 / 304 52 2015 Illustrated above.[209]
SNCI Tower 950 / 289.6 57 [211]
The New York Sky Garden Tower 937 / 285 74 Would be built over the current building at One Madison Avenue.[212]
Manhattan West Tower II 935 / 285 60 2013 [213]
708 First Avenue Tower I 864 / 263 57 2008 [214]
685 First Avenue [A] 836 / 255 67 2008 Height and floor count not yet confirmed.[A] [215][216]
700 1st Avenue Tower III 689 / 210 66 [217]
708 1st Avenue 666 / 203 45 [218]
700 1st Avenue Tower 2 631 / 192 60 [219]
160 West 62nd Street 621 / 189 57 2010 [220]
Atlantic Yards Building 1 620 / 189 [221]
700 First Avenue Tower 1 600 / 183 57 [222]
Silvercup Studios West Tower 1 600 / 183 57 2009 [223][224]
Queens Street Apartments 600 / 183 [225]

† A blank entry indicates that information has not yet been released about a proposed building's number of floors, its date of completion, or both.

Skyline of Lower Manhattan from Jersey City

Tallest destroyed

This lists buildings in New York City that were destroyed or are undergoing demolition and at one time stood at least 500 feet (152 m) in height.

Name Image Height
ft / m
Floors Com-
pleted
in
Des-
troyed
in
Notes
One World Trade Center (original) Wtc arial march2001.jpg 9951,368 / 417 110 1972 2001 Destroyed in the September 11, 2001, attacks. Stood as the tallest building in the world from 1972 until 1974.[7][226]
Two World Trade Center (original) Wtc arial march2001.jpg 9901,362 / 415 110 1973 2001 Destroyed in the September 11 attacks.[227][228]
Singer Building SingerBuilding.jpg 612 / 187 47 1908 1968 Demolished to make room for One Liberty Plaza. Stood as the tallest building in the world from 1908 until 1909.[229][230]
7 World Trade Center (original) Wtc7 from wtc observation deck.jpg 570 / 174 47 1987 2001 Destroyed in the September 11 attacks.[231][232]
Deutsche Bank Building Deutsche Bank December 2005.jpg 565 / 172 40 1974 2011 Deconstruction finished on January 20, 2011 due to damage sustained in the September 11 attacks.[233][234]

Timeline of tallest buildings

This lists buildings that once held the title of tallest building in New York City. Every building on the list below, with the exception of Trinity Church, was the tallest building in the world at the time of its completion.[6]

Name Image Street address Years as
tallest
Height
ft / m
Floors Notes
Trinity Church Trinity Church NYC 004b.JPG 06.079 Broadway 1846–1890 279 /  85 1 [235]
Latting Observatory Latting Observatory.png 06.042nd Street and Fifth Avenue 1853–1856 315 /  96 3 [236]
World Building[B]
(1890–1955)
New York World Building New York City.jpg 12.0Frankfort Street 1890–1894 348 / 106 20[C] Built for the former
New York World.
Tied for tallest from 1894 to 1899.[4]
Manhattan Life Insurance Building
(1894–1930)[B]
Manhattan Life Insurance Company Building New York City.jpg 05.064–70 Broadway 1894–1899 348 / 106 18 Tied for tallest from 1894 to 1899.[237]
Park Row Building 15 Park Row 3.JPG 03.013–21 Park Row 1899–1908 391 / 119 30 [238]
Singer Building
(1908–1968)
SingerBuilding.jpg 07.0149 Broadway 1908–1909 612 / 187 47 [230]
Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower Met life tower crop.jpg 01.01 Madison Avenue 1909–1913 700 / 213 50 [87]
Woolworth Building WoolworthBuilding.JPG 08.0233 Broadway 1913–1930 792 / 241 57 [47]
Bank of Manhattan Trust Building[D] 40 Wall Street.jpg 04.040 Wall Street 1930 927 / 283 70 [27]
Chrysler Building Chrysler Building 2005 3.jpg 11.0405 Lexington Avenue 1930–1931 1,046 / 319 77 [21]
Empire State Building Manhattan at Dusk by slonecker.jpg 09.0350 Fifth Avenue 1931–1972 1,250 / 381 102 [19]
One World Trade Center Wtc arial march2001.jpg 01.01 World Trade Center 1972–2001 1,368 / 417 110 Destroyed in the
September 11, 2001, attacks.[226]
Empire State Building Empire State Building by David Shankbone.jpg 09.0350 Fifth Avenue 2001–2012 1,250 / 381 102 [19]

Notes

A. ^ The height and floor count of 685 First Avenue vary from 836 ft (255 m) with 67 stories to 718 feet (219 m) with 69 stories. An official height has not yet been confirmed by the developer.
B. ^ a b The Manhattan Life Insurance Building, completed in 1894, tied the height of the World Building. The city therefore had two tallest buildings for a period of five years, until the Park Row Building was completed in 1899.
C. ^ The floor count of the World Building has been disputed. Upon construction, the building was said to contain up to 26 floors, but in recent years the building has been said to contain as few as 16 floors.[5]
D. ^ This building was constructed as the Bank of Manhattan Trust Building, but is now more commonly known as 40 Wall Street and officially known as the Trump Building.

See also

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ a b c "Empire State Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=empirestatebuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  2. ^ a b c "Bank of America Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=bankofamericatower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-12-31. 
  3. ^ a b c "Chrysler Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=chryslerbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  4. ^ a b "World Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=7344. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  5. ^ a b c "World Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=worldbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  6. ^ a b c "World's Tallest Towers: Timeline of all Skyscrapers Holding the Title of Tallest Building in the World From 1890 to the Present". skyscraper.org. http://www.skyscraper.org/TALLEST_TOWERS/tallest.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  7. ^ a b "One World Trade Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1worldtradecenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  8. ^ "World Trade Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/cx/?id=worldtradecenter-newyorkcity. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  9. ^ "Diagram of New York City skyscrapers". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/diagrams/?c8. Retrieved 2007-08-24. 
  10. ^ "Most Active: Continents: North America: U.S.A.". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/bu/sk/st/ma/ct/co/ci/?id=100185. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  11. ^ "High-rise Buildings of New York City". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/ci/bu/sk/?id=101028. Retrieved 2010-08-16. 
  12. ^ a b c "Freedom Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=freedomtower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  13. ^ "Two World Trade Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=2worldtradecenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa687. Retrieved 2008-04-27. 
  14. ^ "Three World Trade Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=3worldtradecenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa683. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  15. ^ a b "Four World Trade Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=4worldtradecenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa980. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  16. ^ Appelbaum, Alec (2007-07-30). "Kohn Responds to WTC5 Criticisms". Architectural Record. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.. http://archrecord.construction.com/news/daily/archives/070730wtc.asp. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  17. ^ a b "7 World Trade Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=7worldtradecenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa868. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  18. ^ "Emporis Skyline Ranking". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/bu/sk/st/sr/. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  19. ^ a b c d "Empire State Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=23. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  20. ^ a b "Bank of America Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3197. Retrieved 2008-06-16. 
  21. ^ a b c "Chrysler Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=83. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  22. ^ a b "New York Times Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=newyorktimestower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  23. ^ a b "New York Times Headquarters". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=916. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  24. ^ a b "American International". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=americaninternational-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  25. ^ a b "American International Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=131. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  26. ^ a b "The Trump Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=streettrumpbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  27. ^ a b c "Trump Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=5902. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  28. ^ a b "Citigroup Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=citigroupcenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  29. ^ a b "Citigroup Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1613. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  30. ^ "Beekman Place Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=8sprucestreet-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  31. ^ "Beekman Place Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=29664. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  32. ^ a b "Trump World Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=trumpworldtower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  33. ^ a b "Trump World Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2197. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  34. ^ "GE Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=gebuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  35. ^ "GE Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=203. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  36. ^ "CitySpire Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=cityspirecenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  37. ^ "CitySpire Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/graphics/dotclear.gif. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  38. ^ "One Chase Manhattan Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1chasemanhattanplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  39. ^ "One Chase Manhattan Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=236. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  40. ^ a b "Condé Nast Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=condenastbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  41. ^ a b "Conde Nast Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3837. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  42. ^ "MetLife Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=metlifebuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  43. ^ "MetLife Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1465. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  44. ^ a b "Bloomberg Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=bloombergtower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  45. ^ a b "Bloomberg Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3401. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  46. ^ "Woolworth Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=woolworthbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  47. ^ a b "Woolworth Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=832. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  48. ^ "One Worldwide Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1worldwideplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  49. ^ "One Worldwide Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1622. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  50. ^ "Carnegie Hall Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=carnegiehalltower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  51. ^ "Carnegie Hall Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=188. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  52. ^ "Bear Stearns World Headquarters". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=bearstearnsworldheadquarters-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  53. ^ "Bear Stearns World Headquarters". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1958. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  54. ^ "AXA Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=axacenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  55. ^ "AXA Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3794. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  56. ^ "One Penn Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1pennplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  57. ^ "One Penn Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=249. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  58. ^ "1251 Avenue of the Americas". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1251avenuenueofstreetamericas-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  59. ^ "1251 Avenue of the Americas". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2597. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  60. ^ "Time Warner Center South Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=timewarnercentersouthtower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  61. ^ a b "Time Warner Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3852. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  62. ^ "Time Warner Center North Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=timewarnercenternorthtower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  63. ^ "60 Wall Street". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=60wallstreet-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  64. ^ "60 Wall Street". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2724. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  65. ^ "One Astor Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1astorplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  66. ^ "One Astor Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=306. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  67. ^ "One Liberty Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1libertyplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  68. ^ "1 Liberty Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2376. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  69. ^ "20 Exchange Place". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=20exchangeplace-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  70. ^ "20 Exchange Place". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=231. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  71. ^ "Seven World Trade Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=7422. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  72. ^ "Three World Financial Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=3worldfinancialcenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  73. ^ "Three World Financial Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=248. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  74. ^ "Bertelsmann Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=bertelsmannbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  75. ^ "Bertelsmann Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1033. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  76. ^ "Times Square Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=timessquaretower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  77. ^ "Times Square Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=5773. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  78. ^ "Metropolitan Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=metropolitantower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  79. ^ "Metropolitan Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=307. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  80. ^ "500 Fifth Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=5005avenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  81. ^ "500 Fifth Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=232. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  82. ^ "JP Morgan Chase World Headquarters". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=jpmorganchaseworldheadquarters-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  83. ^ "JP Morgan Chase World Headquarters". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2589. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  84. ^ "General Motors Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=generalmotorsbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  85. ^ "General Motors Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2311. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  86. ^ "Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=metropolitanlifeinsurancecompanytower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  87. ^ a b "Met Life Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=303. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  88. ^ "Americas Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=americastower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  89. ^ "Americas Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1061. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  90. ^ "Solow Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=solowbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  91. ^ "Solow Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1462. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  92. ^ "HSBC Bank Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=hsbcbankbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  93. ^ "HSBC Bank Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1194. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  94. ^ "55 Water Street". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=55waterstreet-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  95. ^ "55 Water Street". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=6247. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  96. ^ "277 Park Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=277parkavenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa274. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  97. ^ "277 Park Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3243. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  98. ^ "1585 Broadway". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1585broadway-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  99. ^ "Morgan Stanley World Headquarters". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=311. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  100. ^ "Random House Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=randomhousetower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  101. ^ "Random House Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1646. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  102. ^ "Four Seasons Hotel". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=4seasonshotel-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  103. ^ "Four Seasons Hotel". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=312. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  104. ^ "McGraw-Hill Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=mcgrawhillbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  105. ^ "McGraw-Hill Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2598. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  106. ^ "Lincoln Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=lincolnbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  107. ^ "Lincoln Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=314. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  108. ^ "Barclay Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=10barclaystreet-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  109. ^ "Barclay Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=29858. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  110. ^ "Paramount Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=paramountplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  111. ^ "Paramount Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1234. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  112. ^ "440 West 42nd Street". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/application/?nav=building&id=440west42street-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2011-5-24. 
  113. ^ "Trump Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=trumptower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  114. ^ "Trump Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=4113. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  115. ^ a b "Citicorp Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=citicorpbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  116. ^ "Citigroup Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2137. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  117. ^ "Bank of New York Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=bankofnewyorkbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  118. ^ "Bank of New York Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=343. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  119. ^ "599 Lexington Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=599lexingtonavenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  120. ^ "599 Lexington Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=645. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  121. ^ "712 5th Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=7125avenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  122. ^ "712 Fifth Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1305. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  123. ^ "Chanin Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=chaninbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  124. ^ "Chanin Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=793. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  125. ^ "245 Park Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=245parkavenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  126. ^ "245 Park Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1771. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  127. ^ "Sony Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=sonytower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  128. ^ "Sony Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2642. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  129. ^ "Two World Financial Center". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=2worldfinancialcenter-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  130. ^ "Two World Financial Center". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1956. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  131. ^ "One New York Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1newyorkplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  132. ^ "One New York Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=348. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  133. ^ "570 Lexington Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=570lexingtonavenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  134. ^ "570 Lexington Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=4442. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  135. ^ "345 Park Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=345parkavenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  136. ^ "345 Park Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=347. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  137. ^ "400 5th Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=4005avenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2010-10-13. 
  138. ^ "400 5th Avenue". SkyscraperPage. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=35089. Retrieved 2010-10-13. 
  139. ^ "W. R. Grace Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=wcoronelgracebuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  140. ^ "W. R. Grace Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=748. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  141. ^ "Home Insurance Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=homeinsuranceplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  142. ^ "Home Insurance Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=4007. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  143. ^ "1095 Avenue Of The Americas". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=verizonbuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa589. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  144. ^ "Verizon World Headquarters". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=349. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  145. ^ "W New York Downtown Hotel and Residences". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=36784. Retrieved 2010-12-29. 
  146. ^ "101 Park Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=101parkavenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  147. ^ "101 Park Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=4030. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  148. ^ "One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=1daghammarskjoldplaza-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  149. ^ "One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3989. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  150. ^ "Central Park Place". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=centralparkplace-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  151. ^ "Central Park Place". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2178. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  152. ^ "888 7th Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=8887avenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  153. ^ "888 Seventh Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=3242. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  154. ^ "Waldorf=Astoria". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=waldorf=astoria-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  155. ^ "The Waldorf=Astoria". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2165. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  156. ^ "Burlington House". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=burlingtonhouse-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  157. ^ "Burlington House". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1373. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  158. ^ "Trump Palace Condominiums". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=trumppalacecondominiums-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  159. ^ "Trump Palace Condominiums". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=10240. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  160. ^ "Olympic Tower". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=olympictower-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  161. ^ "Olympic Tower". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=2175. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  162. ^ "Mercantile Building". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=mercantilebuilding-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  163. ^ "Mercantile Building". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=1232. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  164. ^ "425 5th Avenue". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=4255avenuenue-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  165. ^ "425 Fifth Avenue". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=787. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
  166. ^ "The Epic". Emporis.com. http://www.emporis.com/en/wm/bu/?id=streetepic-newyorkcity-ny-usa. Retrieved 2007-11-19. 
  167. ^ "The Epic". SkyscraperPage.com. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=30427. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 
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