- Lawren Harris
name = Lawren Harris
imagesize = 200px
caption = Lawren Harris, April 25, 1926, photographed by M.O. Hammond
23 Oct 1885
Brantford, Ontario, Canada
deathdate = death date and age|1970|01|29|1885|10|23
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
nationality = Canadian
Group of Seven
works = "North Shore, Lake Superior", 1926
influenced by =
Robert Genn, Canadian Group of Painters
Lawren Stewart Harris (
October 23, 1885– January 29, 1970) was a Canadian painter. He was born in Brantford, Ontarioand is best known as a member the Group of Seven who pioneered a distinctly Canadian painting style in the early twentieth century. A. Y. Jacksonhas been quoted as saying that Harris provided the stimulus for the Group of Seven. During the 1920s, Harris' works became more abstract and simplified, especially his stark landscapes of the Canadian northand Arctic. He also stopped signing and dating his works so that people would judge his works on their own merit and not by the artistor when they were painted.
In 1969 he was made a Companion of the
Order of Canada.
Lawren Harris was born in
Brantford, Ontariointo a wealthy family on October 23 1885. He was the first born of two sons. He attended Central Technical Schooland St. Andrew's College in Toronto, and then from age 19 (1904 to 1908) he studied in Berlin. He was interested in philosophyand eastern thought. Later, he became involved in Theosophyand joined the Toronto Lodge of the International Theosophical Society. Lawren went on to marry Beatrice (Trixie) Phillips on January 20th 1910 and together had three children born in the first decade of their marriage. Soon after meeting and becoming friends with J. E. H. MacDonaldin 1911, they together formed the Group of Seven.
In 1913, he financed the construction of the Studio Building in
Torontowith friend Dr. James MacCallum. The Studio provided artists with cheap or free space where they could live and work.
His school-time friend F.B. Housser was married in 1914 to a woman named Bess. Harris and Bess fell in love, but saw no action that could be made. For the two to divorce their spouses and marry would cause an outrage.
Later in 1918 and 1919, Lawren Harris with J. E. H. MacDonald financed
boxcartrips for the artists of the Group of Seven to the Algomaregion. Another painting trip after Algoma was to Lake Superior's North Shore with A.Y. Jackson. Harris was so passionate about the North Shore and fascinated by the theosophical concept of nature, he returned annually for the next seven years. There he developed the style he is best known for. Harris’s paintings in the early 1920s were characterized by rich, decorative colours that were applied thick, in painterly impasto. He painted landscapes around Toronto, Georgian Bayand Algoma. His first trip to the Rockiesin 1924 soon became annual, too, for the next three years. In 1930, Harris’s landscape paintings became simplified as he sailed with A.Y. Jackson aboard a supply ship.
Harris finally left his wife of 24 years, Trixie, and his three children, and married Bess Housser in 1934. Harris was threatened with charges of
bigamyby Trixie’s family because of his actions. Later that year he and Bess left their home and moved to the United States. Then in 1940 they moved to Vancouver, British Columbia, where Harris entered his abstract phase.
Throughout his life, he never had to support himself as a teacher or commercial artist (as all the other Group of Seven members had to do), but could support himself as a full-time painter. Lawren Harris died in Vancouver in 1970 as a well-known artist. To Harris art was “a realm of life between our mundane world and the world of the spirit.”
Lawren Harris' "Algoma Hill" was stored in a backroom closet in a Toronto hospital for years and was almost forgotten about until cleaning staff found it. The hospital sold it at a
Sotheby's auction, in 2005, for $1.38 million CDN [ [http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20051121/Lawren_Harris_051121?s_name=&no_ads= Lawren Harris painting sells for $1.38 million] , CTV.ca, retrieved on May 16th 2007.] .
Robert Genn(a student of Lawren Harris)
*The Studio Building
* [http://www.gg.ca/honours/search-recherche/honours-desc.asp?lang=e&TypeID=orc&id=2031 Order of Canada Citation]
* [http://archives.cbc.ca/IDD-1-68-754/arts_entertainment/group_of_seven/ CBC Digital Archives - The Group of Seven: Painters in the Wilderness]
* [http://www.mcmichael.com/collection/seven/harris.cfm McMichael Canadian Art Collection - Group of Seven - Lawren Harris]
* [http://www.arthistoryarchive.com/arthistory/canadian/Lawren-Harris.html Detailed Biography of Lawren Harris and Artworks] , retrieved on May 25th 2007.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Lawren Harris — (Brantford, Ontario, 23 octobre 1885 Vancouver, 29 janvier 1970), est un peintre canadien qui a joué un rôle fondamental dans la création du Groupe des Sept, ce cercle de jeunes peintres qui allait bouleverser l art de la peinture au … Wikipédia en Français
Lawren Harris — Lawren Harris. Lawren Harris (Brantford, Ontario, 23 de octubre de 1885 †Vancouver, Columbia Británica, 29 de enero de 1970) es un pintor canadiense que jugó un papel fundamental en la creación del Grupo de los Siete, al que pertenecía, un grupo… … Wikipedia Español
Lawren S. Harris — Lawren Harris Cet article fait partie de la série Peinture Liste des peintres Portail de la Peinture … Wikipédia en Français
Lawren Pope — Infobox actor name = Lawren Pope imagesize = caption = birthname = Lawren Michele Pope birthdate = birth date and age|mf=yes|1987|6|8 birthplace = Houston, Texas, USA deathdate = deathplace = othername = yearsactive = 2001 ─ present homepage =… … Wikipedia
List of people with surname Harris — Harris is an English language surname with a variety of spellings.A list of notable people sharing the surname Harris is shown here. Only the Harris spelling is considered here.List of well known people with surname HarrisA* A. J. Harris (born… … Wikipedia
Lauren Harris — Infobox musical artist Name = Lauren Harris Img capt = Lauren Harris performing live in Mumbai, India. Born = birth date and age|1984|07|06 Background = solo singer Alias = Genre = Hard rock Occupation = Musician Vocalist Years active =… … Wikipedia
Clara Isabella Harris — Clara Isabella Harris, Self Portrait Birth name Clara Isabella Perry Born October 1 … Wikipedia
Studio Building (Toronto) — The Studio Building in Toronto, Canada was the home and working studios of several of the famous Group of Seven painters, their predecessors, and their artistic descendants and is of enormous significance in the history of Canadian art. Situated… … Wikipedia
Grupo de los siete (pintores) — Desde la izquierda: Varley, Jackson, Harris, friend Barker Fairley, Johnston, Lismer, MacDonald. Missing: Carmichael. El Grupo de los Siete, fue un grupo de pintores canadienses, en especial paisajistas, de la década de 1920, originalmente… … Wikipedia Español
Group of Seven (artists) — The Group of Seven was a group of Canadian landscape painters in the 1920s, originally consisting of Franklin Carmichael, Lawren Harris, A. Y. Jackson, Frank Johnston, Arthur Lismer, J. E. H. MacDonald, and Frederick Varley. Tom Thomson (who died … Wikipedia