University of Toulouse


University of Toulouse

The University of Toulouse [http://www.univ-toulouse.fr/] is a consortium of universities and other institutions of higher education and research, named after one of the earliest universities established in Europe, and including the successor universities to that earlier university. This article describes the institutions that have been called the University of Toulouse.

Foundation

The formation of the University of Toulouse was imposed on Count Raymond VII as a part of the Treaty of Paris in 1229 ending the crusade against the Albigensians. As he was suspected of sympathizing with the heretics, Raymond VII had to finance the teaching of theology. Bishop Foulques de Toulouse was among the founders of the University. Among its first lecturers were:

* Jean de Garlande
* Roland of Cremona

Later history

Other faculties (law, medicine) were added later. Initially, the University was located in the center of the city, together with the ancestors of student residences, the colleges. All provincial universities of France (including that of Toulouse) were suppressed in 1793. There was no university in Toulouse until the end of the 19th century.

Division

In 1969, the University of Toulouse split into three separate universities and numerous specialised institutions of higher education. The three successor universities are:

Université Toulouse I - L'Arsenal

* Law & Business
** Law
** Accounting
** Business
** Economics
** Political Science (Sciences-po Toulouse)

This has since been renamed Toulouse 1 University Social Sciences, or UT1.

Université Toulouse II - Le Mirail

* Arts & Literature
** Arts
** Archeology
** History
** Literature
** Music
** Geography
** Philosophy
** Linguistics
** Psychology
** Sociology

Université Toulouse III - Paul Sabatier

* Technology & Science
** Science
** Physics
** Mathematics
** Computer science
** Biology
** Technology
** Medicine
** Dentistry

Refoundation

The present-day University of Toulouse was founded on 27 March 2007. It is a consortium consisting of:

* Toulouse 1 University Social Sciences
* University of Toulouse II - Le Mirail
* Université Paul Sabatier-Toulouse III
* Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse - INPT
* Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse - INSA
* Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace

The University of Toulouse has more than 120,000 students, making Toulouse the second-largest university city in France (after Paris).

Present and past faculty include

* Raymond Aron
* Paul Fauconnet
* Jean Jaurès
* Pierre Laromiguière
* Paul Seabright
* Adrianus Turnebus
* Jean-Jacques Laffont
* Jean Tirole
* Maurice Hauriou

ee also

* Toulouse 1 University Social Sciences
* University of Toulouse II - Le Mirail
* Paul Sabatier University
* IEP de Toulouse
* List of public universities in France by academy
* Medieval university

External links

* [http://www.univ-toulouse.fr/ Université de Toulouse]
* [http://www.univ-tlse1.fr/ Université Toulouse I]
* [http://www.univ-tlse2.fr/ Université Toulouse II]
* [http://www.ups-tlse.fr/ Université de Toulouse III Paul Sabatier]
* [http://www.insa-toulouse.fr/ Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse - INSA]


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