Bertha Crawford Hubbard


Bertha Crawford Hubbard

Bertha Crawford Hubbard (1861 - 1946) was one of the founders of the Roycroft movement, an American branch of the Arts and Crafts movement of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Bertha C. Crawford was born in Maryland to James C. Crawford and Elizabeth Hinkle. She was married to Elbert Hubbard the charismatic leader of the Roycrofters on June 30, 1881 in Bloomington, Illinois - when he was a soap salesman for the Larkin Soap Company. Their marriage produced four children, but ended in divorce because of her husband's infidelity with Alice Moore, a local school-teacher. Elbert and Moore would eventually marry. After the Hubbards' divorce, Bertha was pushed out of Roycrofting and supplanted by Alice Moore despite Bertha's considerable influence in Roycroft's development. Her children went on to lead Roycrofting in the years after the death of their father and Alice Moore in the sinking of the RMS Lusitania.


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