- Torture murder
Torture murder is a loosely defined term to describe the process used by
murderers who kill their victims by slowly torturing them. Fact|date=February 2007
One of the criteria for a judgment of "Murder in the first degree" in the laws of the state of New York is: "...the defendant acted in an especially cruel and wanton manner pursuant to a course of conduct intended to inflict and inflicting torture upon the victim prior to the victim's death. As used in this subparagraph, "torture" means the intentional and depraved infliction of extreme physical pain; "depraved" means the defendant relished the infliction of extreme physical pain upon the victim evidencing debasement or perversion or that the defendant evidenced a sense of pleasure in the infliction of extreme physical pain..." [ [http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/menugetf.cgi?COMMONQUERY=LAW|Penal Law § 235.20 PEN Part 3 Title H] ] Similar positions are taken in the laws of Italy, Germany and Norway and others, as seen in references in Country-specific murder law.
Torture murder is often preceded by a
kidnappingwhere the killer will take the victim to a secluded place. There, the killer will kill the victim by torture. For instance, Leonard Lakeand Charles Ng, during the 1980s in California, killed over 18 men, women, and children after torturing them for days or weeks. The torture included killing infants in front of their mothers, burning alive victims bound to wooden planks, and whippingvictims with barbed stakes. Houstonserial killer Dean Corllsubjected his young male victims, ranging in age from nine to twenty-one, [Montaldo, Charles. " [http://crime.about.com/od/serial/p/dean_corll.htm Serial Killer Dean Corll and the Houston Mass Murders] ." About.com] to sexual tortures, which included plucking their pubic hairs one by one, shoving glass rods up their penises and then crushing them, and shoving large bullet-like objects in victims' rectums. [Hanna, David. "Harvest of Horror: Mass Murder in Houston." Belmont Tower, 1975. p. 173] A sheet of plastic was placed under the plywood torture board to catch the excreta, blood and vomit that would invariably be discharged during the abuse, and the radio would be cranked up full blast to drown out the victim’s screams. [Tom Philbin and Michael Philbin. "The Killer Book of True Crime." Sourcebooks, 2007. ISBN 1402208294 pp. 82 & 83] Occasionally he'd castrate his victims, often their severed genitals would be buried next to the bodies in small plastic bags. At least one boy's corpse was found with his penis gnawed nearly in two. [Olsen, Jack. "The Man With The Candy: The Story of the Houston Mass Murders." Simon & Schuster, 1974. ISBN 0-7432-1283-5 p. 151]
Four teenage boys, including
Jo Kamisaku, held captive for over forty days and tortured to death a Japanese girl, Junko Furuta, in 1988. The boys said that they had not intended to kill her and instead pled guilty to a lesser charge.
Another high-profile and highly controversial case from the UK is the murder of
James Bulgeron February 12, 1993. In particular, the shock centred on the young age of the offenders: Jon Venablesand Robert Thompsonwere aged 10 when they abducted 2-year-old James Bulger from a public shopping centre and murdered him. The murder and the ensuing trial attracted mass media attention and debate, mainly over the sufficient " guilty mind" as is required in UK law for murder, with felons of such a young age. Evidence suggests that the boys took Bulger on a 4-mile walk, kicking and throwing him around, then they threw blue paint on the toddler's face, placed batteries in his mouth and continued to beat him with bricks, an iron rod and by kicking him. They eventually left his body across a railway to be decapitated by a train and make it look like an accident.
United States, those killers accused of torture murder are most often charged with the crime of capital murder, which can result in a death sentence.
Torture murder may also be a legal act of a
state, especially in nations which know the death penalty, or which employ torture as a means of interrogation.
Historically, state-sanctioned torture murder falls under
human sacrificeand under death penalty. Scaphismwas a particularly cruel method of execution practiced in the Persian Empireaccording to Plutarch. Execution by burningwas a form of capital punishment in the Roman Empire, besides other forms like crucifixion, crushingor devouring by wild animals, notably inflicted in the persecution of early Christians in the Roman Empire. Execution by burning of Christian heretics was introduced by Justinian Iin the 6th century and remained a common practice until the Early Modern period(see auto da fe).
Cruel and unusual punishment" was abolished in the 1689 English Bill of Rights, ending the medieval and Tudor periodpractices of hanging, drawing and quartering, impalement, boiling to deathor breaking on the wheelas accepted forms of capital punishment.
In the 20th century,
Nazi Germanywas well known for state sanctioned torture murder, as members of the SSwere often employed to interrogate enemies of the state under slow torture, often killing them in the process. Death by slow torture was also a common occurrence in Nazi concentration camps. Those who kill by torture under the authority of a state may be later tried by another state or authority such as the International Criminal Court."
Bolshevik secret police, Cheka, practiced deadly torture on a huge scale during the Red Terrorand Russian Civil War. Victims were allegedly skinned alive, impaled, crucified, hanged, stoned to death and tied to planks and pushed slowly into furnaces or tanks of boiling water. [ Figes, Orlando. "A People's Tragedy: The Russian Revolution 1891-1924." Penguin Books, 1997. ISBN 0670859168. p. 646] Torture was also employed by the NKVDduring Stalin’s reign, particularly during the period of the Great Purge. According to some historians, many that were tortured to death were likely not counted amongst the executed. [Gellately, Robert. "Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe." Knopf, 2007. ISBN 1400040051 p. 256]
During the reign of
Pol Potin Cambodia during 1975-9, torture was used to identify possible espionage activities against the Khmer Rougeregime. Hundreds of torture and interrogation sites existed around the country, the most notorious being S-21, a former secondary school where 16,000 people were held, being tortured into 'confessing' to often absurd activities involving foreign intelligence agencies. Many died while being tortured, but most were transferred to The Killing Fieldsonce their confessions were complete.
List of torture murders
Some notable perpetrators and victims include the following. The dates indicate the time of the crime or crimes.
Empress Lü Zhi( China),202 BC-180 BC
Gilles de Rais( France, 1435 to 1440)
Elizabeth Báthory( Kingdom of Hungary, 1602 to 1610)
H. H. Holmes( Chicago, Illinois, 1893 to 1895)
Albert Fish( New York City, 1910 to 1936)
Sam DeStefano( Chicago, Illinois, 1950's to the 1970s)
Geza de Kaplany( California, 1962)
Ian Bradyand Myra Hindley( Moors murders) ( England, 1963 to 1965)
Gertrude Baniszewski( Indiana, 1965)
Randy Steven Kraft( California, 1970's to the early 1980s)
John Wayne Gacy( Chicago, Illinois, 1972 to 1978)
* Rosemary and
Fred West( England, 1973 to 1979)
Hamida Djandoubi( France, 1974)
Hillside Strangler( Los Angeles, 1977 to 1978)
Christopher Wilder( United States, 1982 to 1984)
Adolfo Constanzo( Matamoros, Mexico, 1983 to 1989)
Robert Berdella( Kansas City, Missouri, 1984 to 1987)
Westley Allan Dodd(US) (September 3rd through November 1989)
Karla Homolkaand Paul Bernardo( Canada, 1990 to 1992)
Christa Pike(U.S, 1995)
Junko Ogataand Futoshi Matsunaga( Japan, 1996 to 1998)
Richard Kuklinski(U.S, 1960-1988)
Torture murder victims
Sylvia Likens( Indianapolis, 1965)
Junko Furuta( Japan, 1989)
* James Bulger (
Pai Hsiao-yen( Taiwan, 1997)
Jesse Dirkhising( United States, 1999)
* Fan Man-yee (
Hong Kong, 1999)
Ilan Halimi( France, 2006)
* Necati Aydin, Ugur Yuksel, and Tilmann Geske (
Antisocial personality disorder
Sadistic personality disorder
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