- Giuliano da Sangallo
Giuliano da Sangallo (c. 1443 – 1516) was an Italian sculptor, architect and
military engineeractive during the Italian Renaissance.
He was born in
Florence. His father Francesco Giambertiwas a woodworker and architect, much employed by Cosimo de Medici, and his brother Antonio da Sangallo the Elderand nephew Antonio da Sangallo the Youngerwere architects. His son Francesco da Sangallowas a sculptor. Giuliano was the preferred architect of Lorenzo de' Medici, so a significant number of his commissions came from the Medici.
During the early part of his life Giuliano worked chiefly for
Lorenzo de' Medici, known as 'the Magnificent', for whom he built a fine palace at Poggio a Caiano, begun in 1485, between Florence and Pistoia, and strengthened the fortifications of Florence, Castellana and other places. Lorenzo also employed him to build a monastery of Augustinian Friars outside the Florentine gate of San Gallo, which was destroyed during the siege of Florence in 1530.
It was from this building that Giuliano received the name of Sangallo, which was afterwards used by so many Italian architects. While still in the pay of Lorenzo, Giuliano visited
Naples, and worked there for the king, who sent him back to Florence with presents of money, plate and antique sculpture, the last of which Giuliano presented to his patron Lorenzo. After Lorenzo's death in 1492, Giuliano visited Loreto, and built the dome of the Basilica of the Madonna, in spite of serious difficulties arising from its defective piers, which were already built. In order to gain strength by means of a strong cement, Giuliano built his dome with pozzolanabrought from Rome. Soon after this, at the invitation of Pope Alexander VI, Giuliano went to Rome, and designed the fine panelled ceiling of Santa Maria Maggiore. He was also largely employed by Pope Julius II, both for fortification walls round the Castel Sant'Angelo, and also to build a palace adjoining the church of San Pietro in Vincoli, of which Julius had been titular cardinal. Giuliano was much disappointed that Bramantewas preferred to himself as architect for the new Basilica of St. Peter, and this led to his returning to Florence, where he did much service as a military engineer and builder of fortresses during the war between Florence and Pisa. Soon after this Giuliano was recalled to Rome by Julius II, who had much need for his military talents both in Rome itself and also during his attack upon Bologna. For about eighteen months in 1514-1515 Giuliano acted as joint-architect to St. Peter's together with Raphael, but owing to age and ill-health he resigned this office about two years before his death.
Giuliano's work includes:
* Villa Medici at
Poggio a Caiano, near Florence (1485), noteworthy for its pedimented porticois strongly influenced by Vitruviusand Alberti
Santa Maria delle Carceriin Prato(1485)
* Tomb of
Francesco Sassetti(1485-90) in Santa Trinita, Florence
* Palazzo della Rovere at
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Giuliano Da Sangallo — Pour les autres membres de la famille, voir : Da Sangallo. Portrait par Piero di Cosimo, entre 1500 et 1520 … Wikipédia en Français
Giuliano da sangallo — Pour les autres membres de la famille, voir : Da Sangallo. Portrait par Piero di Cosimo, entre 1500 et 1520 … Wikipédia en Français
Giuliano da Sangallo — Giuliano de Sangallo por Piero di Cosimo, que se conserva en el Rijksmuseum de Ámsterdam. Giuliano Giamberti, llamado Giuliano da Sangallo. (Florencia h. 1445 1516), fue un arquitecto, tallista, ingeniero militar y escultor italiano, hermano de … Wikipedia Español
Giuliano da Sangallo — Pour les autres membres de la famille, voir : Da Sangallo. Portrait par Piero di Cosimo, vers 1482. Giuliano da Sangallo, né Giuliano Giamberti, à Floren … Wikipédia en Français
Giuliano da Sangallo — Porträt des G. da Sangallo von Piero di Cosimo Villa Medici … Deutsch Wikipedia
Giuliano Sangallo — Giuliano da Sangallo Pour les autres membres de la famille, voir : Da Sangallo. Portrait par Piero di Cosimo, entre 1500 et 1520 … Wikipédia en Français
Sangallo — is the surname of a Florentine family, several members of which became distinguished in the fine arts, including:* Giuliano da Sangallo (1445 1516) * Antonio da Sangallo the Elder (1455? 1534), younger brother of Giuliano * Francesco da Sangallo… … Wikipedia
SANGALLO (LES) — SANGALLO LES Le surnom de Sangallo fut donné à une famille d’architectes toscans, les Giamberti, parce qu’ils étaient établis, à Florence, près de la Porta San Gallo. Sculpteur sur bois dans sa jeunesse, Giuliano (1443 1516) fait un premier… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Giuliano da Maiano — (teilweise auch Giuliano da Majano geschrieben, * 1432 in Maiano (heute Teil der Gemeinde Fiesole); † 17. Oktober 1490 in Neapel) war ein italienischer Architekt, Bildhauer und Kunstschreiner. Bildnis des Giuliano da Maiano aus den Vite des Vasar … Deutsch Wikipedia
Giuliano — ist ein männlicher Vorname und die italienische Form von Julian und bedeutet übersetzt Der Jugendliche . Träger des Vornamens: Giuliano Amato (* 1938), italienischer Politiker Giuliano Bignasca (* 1945), Schweizer Politiker, Bauunternehmer und… … Deutsch Wikipedia