Perspectivism is the philosophical view developed by
Friedrich Nietzschethat all ideations take place from particular perspectives. This means that there are many possible conceptual schemes, or perspectives which determine any possible judgment of truthor value that we may make; this implies that no way of seeing the world can be taken as definitively "true", but does "not" necessarily propose that all perspectives are equally valid.
Perspectivism rejects objective metaphysics as impossible, and claims that there are no objective evaluations which transcend cultural formations or subjective designations. This means that there are no objective facts, and that there can be no knowledge of a thing in itself. This separates truth from a particular (or single) vantage point, and means that there are no ethical or epistemological
absolutes. [ Mautner, Thomas, "The Penguin Dictionary of Philosophy", page 418 ] This leads to constant reassessment of rules (i.e., those of philosophy, the scientific method, etc.) according to the circumstances of individual perspectives. [Schacht, Richard, "Nietzsche", p 61.] . “Truth” is thus formalized as a whole that is created by integrating different vantage points together.
We always adopt perspectives by default, whether we are aware of it or not, and the individual concepts of existence are defined by the circumstances surrounding that individual. Truth is made by and for individuals and peoples. [ Scott-Kakures, Dion, "History of Philosophy", page 346 ] This view differs from many types of
relativismwhich consider the truth of a particular propositionas something that altogether cannot be evaluated with respect to an "absolute truth", without taking into consideration cultureand context.
This view is outlined in an aphorism from Nietzsche's posthumously-assembled collection "Will to Power" .
Richard Schacht, in his interpretation of Nietzsche's thought, argues that this can be expanded into a revised form of “objectivity” in relation to “ subjectivity” as an aggregate of singular viewpoints that illuminate, for example, a particular idea in seemingly self-contradictory ways but upon closer inspection would reveal a difference of contextuality and of rule by which such an idea (e.g., that is fundamentally perspectival) can be validated. Therefore, it can be said each perspective is subsumed into and, taking account of its individuated context, adds to the overall objective measure of a proposition under examination. Nevertheless, perspectivism does not implicate any method of inquiry nor a structural theory of knowledge in general. [Schacht, Richard, "Nietzsche".]
Developments of this view
José Ortega y Gassethas conceived of a potential sum of all perspectives of all lives which could produce an "absolute truth".
Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche
* [http://www.konvergencias.net/vasquezrocca129.htm La Voluntad de ilusión en Nietzsche; bases del perspectivismo| in Konvergencias] sp icon
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perspectivism — perspectivísm s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic PERSPECTIVÍSM s.n. Concepţie filozofică potrivit căreia cunoaşterea depinde de punctul de vedere personal, de perspectiva celui care cunoaşte. [< fr.… … Dicționar Român
perspectivism — perspectivist, n., adj. /peuhr spek teuh viz euhm/, n. Philos. the doctrine that reality is known only in terms of the perspectives of it seen by individuals or groups at particular moments. [1905 10; < G Perspektivismus. See PERSPECTIVE, ISM] *… … Universalium
perspectivism — noun The philosophical view that all perception always takes place from a specific perspective … Wiktionary
perspectivism — (perspectivalism ) The view that all truth is truth from or within a particular perspective. The perspective may be a general human point of view, set by such things as the nature of our sensory apparatus, or it may be thought to be bound by… … Philosophy dictionary
Perspectivism — A central theme of Eduardo Viveiros de Castro’s writing about Amazonian shamans and their wider societies puts the ability to see from another’s perspective at the center of what shamans do. If powerful persons, especially shamans and… … Historical dictionary of shamanism
PERSPECTIVISM — the PHILOSOPHIC position that every standpoint is TRUE when seen from its own perspective … Concise dictionary of Religion
Perspectivism — philosophical view developed by the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche that all perception and ideation takes place from a particular perspective in terms of inner drives as elucidated by the will to power … Mini philosophy glossary
perspectivism — noun 1》 Philosophy the theory that knowledge of a subject is inevitably partial and limited by the individual perspective from which it is viewed. 2》 the practice of regarding and analysing a situation or work of art from different points of view … English new terms dictionary
perspectivism — per·spec·tiv·ism … English syllables
perspectivism — pə(r)ˈspektə̇ˌvizəm noun ( s) Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary perspective (III) + ism; originally formed as German perspektivismus 1. : a concept in philosophy … Useful english dictionary